Tlaxcala (city)

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Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl
Coordinates: 19 ° 19 ′  N , 98 ° 14 ′  W
Map: Tlaxcala
Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl
Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl on the map of Tlaxcala
Basic data
Country Mexico
State Tlaxcala
Municipio Tlaxcala
City foundation 1525
Residents 14,692  (2010)
City insignia
Bandera de Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl.png
Detailed data
height 2230  m
prefix (+52) 246
City Presidency Anabell Ávalos Zempoalteca ( PRI ) (2017-2021)
Tlaxcala at the foot of the Malinche
Tlaxcala at the foot of the Malinche

Tlaxcala , officially Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl , is a city in the Valle de Puebla-Tlaxcala in the central Mexican highlands with about 15,000 inhabitants and is located in the state of the same name . The name goes back to the Tlaxcalteks , a Mexican tribe of the Nahua family who settled there.

Tlaxcala is the capital of the state and the municipality of Tlaxcala . It is the smallest of all Mexican capitals as well as the tenth largest city in the state of Tlaxcala.

In the government palace of the city you can admire the work of a Mexican representative of the muralism movement, Desiderio Hernández Xochitiotzin : a 450 square meter fresco that depicts the history of the Tlaxcalteks in detail.


Tlaxcala is a so-called deverbal place name, derived from a verb of the Nahuatl language, the language of the Tlaxcalteken : Tlaxcallan (formed from tlaxcalli "baked" - the local corn biscuit, called tortilla in Spanish - and an assimilated locative suffix tlan "place", meaning "place" where tortillas are baked ”).


Tlaxcala was the political center of the Tlaxcalteks, who were hostile to the Aztecs . Their empire remained independent from the Aztecs throughout the pre-Hispanic period. After initial resistance, the Tlaxcaltecs became Hernán Cortés ' most loyal allies against the Aztec enemies during the Spanish conquest of Mexico .

The Church of San Francisco in the city center was consecrated in 1521 and is the oldest of the American continent. Tlaxcala has been the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese since 1959 .

sons and daughters of the town

Bibliography, literature

  • Bernal Díaz del Castillo: Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España . Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes, Alicante 2005 ( Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España ).
  • Hinz, Felix: "Hispanization" in New Spain 1519–1568. Transformation of the collective identities of Mexica, Tlaxkalteken and Spaniards. Hamburg 2005.

Web links

Commons : Tlaxcala  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Catálogo de Localidades
  2. ofrece Anabell Ávalos Zempoalteca transformar la capital. ( Memento of the original from January 4, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: El Sol de Tlaxcala of January 2, 2017. Retrieved January 15, 2017 (Spanish). @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. Ursula Dyckerhoff / Hanns J. Prem : Toponyms and ethnonyms in Classical Aztec . Von Flemming, Berlin 1990. ISBN 3-924332-06-1 , p. 26.