Trans-Europe Natural Gas Pipeline

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The Trans Europa Naturgas Pipeline ( TENP) is in its basic version in the years 1972 to 1974 built natural gas - pipeline system from the Dutch-German border at Aachen on the German-Swiss border near Schwörstadt . It is used to transport large quantities of natural gas from the Netherlands to Italy and Switzerland. It also contributes to the domestic supply of natural gas in the federal states of North Rhine-Westphalia , Rhineland-Palatinate and Baden-Württemberg , which are touched by the pipeline, and is the most important north-south axis of the European natural gas network.

Course and infrastructure

The TENP long-distance gas transport system has a length of 500 kilometers and runs from Aachen through the Eifel , Hunsrück , Palatinate Forest and from Karlsruhe along the Rhine valley to Schwörstadt (east of Rheinfelden ). Since 1978, the TENP has been continuously expanded in line with the growing need for transport. The transport system currently consists of a pipeline with nominal widths of 950 or 900 mm ( DN 950 or DN 900) and a parallel second pipeline with nominal widths of 1000 or 900 mm (DN 1000 or DN 900), which has been laid in sections since 1978 were. The full parallelization was completed in October 2006. The TENP transport system has four compressor stations in Stolberg (Rhld.) , Mittelbrunn ( Landstuhl ), Schwarzach ( Rheinmünster ) and Hügelheim ( Freiburg im Breisgau ).

In Stolberg the TENP transport system is connected to a pipeline leading to Zeebrugge (Belgium) and from there to Great Britain (" Interconnector "), in Mittelbrunn with the transport system of MEGAL (MEGAL Mittel-Europäische-Gasleitungsgesellschaft), via the Russian natural gas from the German-Czech border at Waidhaus to the Federal Republic and France.

Planned reversal

In order to enable the TENP to transport gas from southern Europe to northern Europe in the future, a TENP reversal project was included in the draft of the 2014 gas network development plan . For this purpose, the existing compressor stations in Hügelheim, Mittelbrunn and Stolberg are to be physically reversed in order to reverse the physical gas flow on the TENP. The background is an expected future oversupply of gas in Italy. The commissioning of the reversing is planned for 2018.

Participating companies

At the beginning, the TENP transport system was a joint project by Ruhrgas AG (predecessor of E.ON Gastransport and Open Grid Europe ) and the Italian oil company ENI .

Today the owner of the transport system is Trans Europa Naturgas Pipeline GmbH & Co. KG, Essen. The shareholders (limited partners) of TENP GmbH & Co. KG are Open Grid Europe and the Belgian network operator Fluxys . Fluxys acquired the stake in September 2011 from the Italian oil company ENI .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Draft of the gas network development plan 2014. Project profiles (Annex 6). FNB Gas - The transmission system operator, April 1, 2014, accessed on July 4, 2014 .