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As a vicarius (plural: vicarii), a representative in particular of an officer or official was designated in the Roman Empire . The German term Vikar is derived from it.

The word appears in Cicero or Livius . The function of a vicarius was particularly widespread from the 3rd century , in late antiquity . Vicarii from the knighthood were widespread as deputies for senatorial governors . The best-known vicarii were the representatives of the late ancient Praetorian prefects , each of whom was subordinate to a dioecesis , in which they exercised jurisdiction in particular.

Even slaves could own a vicar named deputy, a sub-slaves, they made their own assets ( peculium ) had acquired. The main slave was in this case as ordinarius referred.


Individual evidence

  1. Dig. 15,1,17