The Villa Waldwiese is a listed property in Bremen . Built in 1893, the building is remarkably well preserved and an outstanding example of the Swiss house style in the region. The longest-standing resident of the house between 1910 and 1993 was Dorothea Klosterkemper, b. von Gröning, the widow of Major General a. D. Bernhard Klosterkemper . After her death, the garden was built on, so that the villa lost its free location in the countryside.
Villa Waldwiese is located directly on the Bremen border with Lower Saxony in the district of Burglesum in the district of St. Magnus at the end of the street Am Lindenberg, which curves to the northwest and bears house numbers 18 A and 18 B. The asymmetrically shaped property - embedded in a quiet residential area Single-family and semi-detached houses - on the southeast side of Am Lindenberg, on the south side by a garage yard, to the west by the Beim Sonnenhof footpath and to the north by the state border. In the east it borders on several new residential buildings. Before it was built, the garden of Villa Waldwiese extended a little further to Leuchtenburger Strasse.
As early as 1850, the property in question, including the adjacent area, belonged to the land of the wealthy merchant and ship owner Johann Christoph Dubbers . It was on open fields close to the beautiful landscape of Bremen Switzerland , a hilly geest landscape . The owner initially had a house built (demolished in 1935). The renowned landscape gardener and garden architect Wilhelm Benque was responsible for the design planning and development of the park . It was one of his last jobs before his death. Among other things, a pond with an island to which a bridge led. The excavation of the lake formed the hill known today as the "Lindenberg". The owner later divided the extensive property between his sons Johann Friedrich "Fritz" (* 1834; † 1907) and Johann Christoph Eduard Dubbers (* 1836; † 1909). The portion of the latter measured about 27,100 square meters and extended in a south-easterly direction.
In 1893 the Villa Waldwiese was constructed for Fritz. In 1910 the tobacco merchant Heinrich von Gröning bought the house, and his youngest daughter Dorothea (* 1901, † 1993) married Major General Bernhard Klosterkemper . For this reason the building was popularly known in later years as "Villa Klosterkemper". The property also included a separate Hofmeierhaus on Leuchtenburger Strasse as well as a large greenhouse, a coach house with two garages and a pump house on the property itself in the garden . The latter housed a diesel engine to ensure the electricity and water supply to the villa. Dorothea Klosterkemper was a passionate gardener, managed a large vegetable garden and also kept sheep. The years of privation during the Second World War could be survived relatively well. At times then, but also in the immediate post-war period , up to 25 people lived in the villa and in the Hofmeierhaus.
The remise, which had long since ceased to serve its original purpose, was advertised as a rental apartment until the beginning of the 1990s and from 1992 to 1996 parts of the television series Not from Bad Parents were filmed in the villa. After Dorothea Klosterkemper's death, the property began to be redesigned over several years. It was split up, and in the spring of 1998 all the buildings in the garden were torn down, with the exception of the pump house, which remained standing a little longer. In the following years several houses were built on the garden. Today the villa houses three apartments and the offices of a real estate company. On September 25, 2008, the State Office for the Preservation of Monuments in Bremen placed the Villa Waldwiese under monument protection.
Johann Christoph Eduard Dubbers' plot of land initially retained its park-like character. His son August Dubbers sold it to AG Weser in 1936 and, largely under the influence of shipyard director Franz Stapelfeldt , it was divided into 14 properties on which semi-detached houses were built - the Lindenberg estate that still exists today.
“The 'Villa Waldwiese' is a characteristic rural residential building of its time with decorative shapes that are reminiscent of the Renaissance. The building is lavishly designed, richly decorated and has an impression that goes beyond the everyday. "
The two-storey Villa Waldwiese can be assigned to the architectural style phenomenon of historicism . It shows various design elements typical of the time from the late 19th century - in particular the picturesque grouping with dwarf houses and porches - as well as influences from the Swiss house style, which was popular in rural buildings at the time . The Swiss house motifs are seamlessly combined with elements that are borrowed from the fund of Italian and French Renaissance forms , such as rustication , triangular gable window roofing and volute decorations . Above a white substructure, the façade design, which is extremely characteristic of the typical regional construction at the time of its creation, reveals itself with terracotta-red brick facing , interrupted by a rich plaster structure with corrugated corners and horizontal bands.
The two semi-detached houses on the east side, which are not placed symmetrically to the center of the house, as well as the one on the west side and the gable on the south side, have a pronounced roof overhang . Over the years the original slate clapboard was lost ; meanwhile the villa has black roof tiles . However, this is the only major design change. The State Office for Monument Preservation Bremen also recognizes that the Villa Waldwiese is characterized by a remarkably good degree of preservation. Numerous external details from the construction period - such as wooden trusses and wrought-iron balcony grilles - would have survived to the present. In addition, there are tiled floors, ceiling stucco , door leaves , banisters and the like from the 1890s inside the house .
- Schmolze, Arendt / Schmolze, Gerhard: An der Lesum. Old pictures from Lesum and St. Magnus, Burg, Marßel, Burgdamm . Döll-Verlag , Bremen 1985, p. 117.
- Profile of Villa Waldwiese in the German Digital Library . Retrieved November 30, 2015.
- Monument database of the LfD
- Julia Ladebeck: "Chronicle of the Lindenberg settlement written" . On July 16, 2013 on weser-kurier.de ( Weser-Kurier ). Retrieved November 20, 2015.
- "Bremen has a new monument: 'Villa Waldwiese'" . Retrieved from denkmalpflege.bremen.de ( State Office for Monument Preservation Bremen ) on November 30, 2015.