Forest Hospital Köppern
|Forest Hospital Köppern|
|areas of expertise||Psychiatry and psychotherapy|
|Website||Vitos Hochtaunus non-profit GmbH|
Today the clinic has 119 beds and 45 day clinic places.
The Frankfurt "Asylum for the Insane and Epileptic", the so-called Crazy Castle , was built in 1864 for 200 patients. However, by the turn of the century, almost 1,000 patients were reported. The city of Frankfurt am Main was therefore looking for an alternative location in which the lighter cases should be accommodated.
The director of the Frankfurt “Institute for the Insane and Epileptic”, Emil Sioli , sought to treat “alcoholists” and the mentally ill in a so-called “agricolen colony” in a natural way and to make use of therapeutic agricultural activities.
On April 1, 1901, the city of Frankfurt therefore acquired the Hüttenmühle (the name of the mill is that of the former owner Heinrich Hüttenmüller ) in today's Köppern district with 31 hectares of land to build a clinic. First, two half-timbered barracks were built. These initially took in seven alcoholic patients, by 1906 the number rose to 39. The therapy was voluntary, but dropouts threatened to be transferred back to the Frankfurt headquarters.
Sioli took over from the psychiatrist and book author Heinrich Hoffmann and set standards in the treatment of the mentally ill. In the Köppern Forest Hospital, he eliminated all coercive measures and allowed the patients extensive freedom. So Sioli removed the window bars , and the sick were allowed to move freely in the area, which initially led to great fears within the population of the then Obertaunus district . Sioli also campaigned for day-care facilities in which the mentally ill were treated during the day while they spent the night at home.
One of Emil Sioli's interns was Alois Alzheimer , who discovered the brain disease of the same name, a progressive dementia . It can be assumed with great certainty that Alzheimer's disease also extended to the Köppern Forest Hospital.
time of the nationalsocialism
An extensive expansion began in autumn 1911. Four houses for the mentally ill, two physically separate houses for the mentally ill and an administration building were built by 1921. From 1927 to 1928, two semi-detached houses with four apartments for employees were built.
In 1930 the new municipal and university clinic for the mentally and mentally ill in the city of Frankfurt was opened. In 1934, the city therefore sold the Köpperner Klinik to the "Hospital of the Holy Spirit", which set up a home for the elderly here. During World War II , the complex served as a military hospital and from October 1943 as an alternative hospital for the Frankfurt hospitals destroyed by Allied bombers. This happened as part of the Brandt campaign , in which other psychiatric patients fell victim to the Nazi murder .
Since 2001 a memorial stone commemorates the victims:
- Up until 1945, an unknown number of patients fell victim to the Nazi euthanasia crimes through malnutrition or medication.
post war period
It remained a general hospital until 1967 and was then handed over to the State Welfare Association of Hesse , which continued it as a psychiatric clinic. On January 1, 1973, the LWV also took over ownership of the city of Frankfurt.
In the 1970s, the idea of open operation in psychiatric clinics was taken up again and is now one of the usual treatment standards in modern psychiatry.
Emil Sioli's anti-coercive measures ultimately led to the fact that patients of this psychiatric and psychotherapeutic specialist clinic have been publishing their own patient newspaper called "Waldecho" since 1975, whose aim is to be there for their own patients, but also to be there for their own patients, but also to prejudice the public mentally dismantling sick patients in order to overcome communication barriers. The magazine appears quarterly.
In 2012, the Professor Emil Sioli Medal of Honor was donated in memory of Emil Sioli . With the award, the Freundeskreis Waldkrankenhaus Köppern eV honors personalities or initiatives who have made an outstanding contribution to the integration of mentally ill or addictive drug users or who otherwise work in an outstanding manner for the interests of the mentally ill.
According to the hospital plan, the Köppern Forest Hospital is responsible for all cases of acute mental illness in the Hochtaunus district. According to a changing plan, corresponding illnesses are also recorded among all homeless people apprehended in Hesse. Usually, these are six-week compulsory detentions ordered by local courts in accordance with the Hessian Deprivation of Liberty Act .
The forest hospital has two stations for detoxification in the case of addiction disorders (alcohol, medication, illegal drugs), one station for people suffering from depression, a dementia station and one station each for people with psychoses, personality disorders, neurotic diseases or post-traumatic stress disorders. The institute's outpatient department and a day clinic are available in Bad Homburg for outpatient and semi-inpatient care .
A department of the forest hospital is the Bamberger Hof clinic in Frankfurt am Main with its outpatient and day care services. The “outpatient psychiatric acute treatment at home” is intended to replace full inpatient hospital stays.
A school for health and nursing care with up to 60 training places is attached to the Köppern Forest Hospital.
The forest hospital also has several buildings with staff apartments on site.
Since 2009, the supporting company of the Köppern Forest Hospital has been called "Vitos Hochtaunus non-profit GmbH" (previously "Center for Social Psychiatry Hochtaunus gGmbH"). This is a subsidiary of Vitos GmbH , which is a subsidiary of the State Welfare Association of Hesse .
In May 2009 the Friends of the Köppern Forest Hospital was founded as a registered association, the aim of which is to break down prejudices against the mentally ill and drug addicts.
- Ernst Klee : The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945 . Updated edition. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2005, ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 (entry on Junghanns, Herbert, Chirurg p. 292).
- Christina Vanja , Helmut Siefert (eds.): “In a woody, rural environment…” The Köppern Forest Hospital. From the agricultural colony of the city of Frankfurt to the Center for Social Psychiatry Hochtaunus (= historical series of publications by the State Welfare Association of Hesse. Sources and studies 7). Euregio, Kassel 2001, ISBN 3-933617-08-1 .
- Brigitte Leuchtweis-Gerlach: The Köppern Forest Hospital (1901–1945). The story of a psychiatric clinic (= Mabuse-Verlag Wissenschaft 40). Mabuse, Frankfurt am Main 2001, ISBN 3-933050-57-X (At the same time: Dissertation. University of Frankfurt am Main 2001).
- Heinrich Winter: From Affenstein to Hüttenmühle. In: Yearbook of the Hochtaunuskreis. 1996, , pp. 219-222.
- LWV-Hessen (provider and supervision of the clinic)
- Freundeskreis Waldkrankenhaus Köppern eV (Friends' Association and founder of the Prof. Emil Sioli Medal of Honor)
- Ernst Klee : The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich. P. 292.
- Quoted from: Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Third Reich. P. 292.