Pilgrimage chapel Maria Elend

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View of the pilgrimage chapel

The pilgrimage chapel Maria Elend (also Ellend or Öllend ) in the district of Embach in the municipality of Lend im Pinzgau , in the province of Salzburg , is a place of pilgrimage that originated in the mid-16th century. As with every Maria Misery Church , in which the worries of the Mother of God on the flight to Egypt are remembered, and in keeping with the venerated Pietà , the patronage feast was celebrated on September 15th, the commemoration of all Seven Sorrows of Mary in recent years however on July 2nd, the Visitation of the Virgin Mary , which should actually be celebrated on May 31st.

Geographical location

The pilgrimage chapel is located above an alpine pasture area south of the Winkl district of Embach, right next to a spring at an altitude of 1125  m above sea level, which is enclosed by a fountain ( Augenbründl ) . A. It is only a few steps to the edge of the forest.


View over the original chapel and Augenbründl into the Salzach Valley
Mount of Olives Chapel

According to the inscription on a grave stone built into the western wall of the pilgrimage chapel, the chapel was created by the noble Ursula Penninger zu Penningberg, née. Heill († 1552), widow of the Salzburg chamberlain Ulrich Penninger from the Penninghof residence , whose 12-year-old daughter was blind and simple-minded. When this one day disappeared without a trace and all searches were in vain, her mother took the vow to build a chapel in the place where her missing daughter would be found alive.

After three days, the daughter was found one hour away from Penninghof on Elendberg near the chapel of a shepherd who was staying there, and was found in her right mind, whereupon the mother honored her vow.

Since there was already a chapel at the place where the girl was found (today's original chapel, which was renewed in 1755), Ursula Penninger had a new, larger chapel built on a small hill with the portrait of the painful mother Mary. To this end, she set up a foundation that was held annually on St. Barbara's Day (December 4th) and employed a sacristan. The information on the time of the construction of the chapel fluctuates in the literature between 1530 and 1575, the latter already falling in the time after the death of Ursula Penninger. The grave slab mentioned above was only prepared for Ursula Penninger, but then not used for her grave, because the dates in the inscription have not been added on the occasion of her death. It is:

Buried here of the noble
and fortress Ulrichen Penniger
in Penningberg blessed posthumous
Wittib Ursula aine nee
Heillin who plowed these capes to
our wife in misery
who decided on the day ... of the month
... the
same day in the 15th ... year.

The new chapel soon developed into a place of pilgrimage , to which around 30,000 pilgrims came annually in the 18th century , which necessitated the expansion of the chapel into a pilgrimage church, in which, among other things, a book of miracles was kept listing all the miracles that occurred Mary's intercession took place.

Church, demolished in 1783

The last extensions were made in the middle of the 18th century, and Archbishop Sigismund III consecrated the building in 1764 . personally re-enter the Church. In 1782, court building manager Wolfgang Hagenauer examined the vicariate church in Embach and the pilgrimage church of Maria Elend, which should have been expanded again. He found serious defects in the building: water was flowing through the building, a drainage channel had already been dug through the church, due to the hillside location, moisture had penetrated the masonry and had worn the stones, etc. Presumably the dilapidation of the Pilgrimage church and the at the same time put forward renovation plans for the Embacher church the welcome occasion for Archbishop Hieronymus to have the former removed. In contrast, he had the Vicariate Church of Embach renovated and expanded and then allowed the installation of the miraculous image in it. Useful ecclesiastical objects from the pilgrimage church of Maria Elend were passed on to other churches. B. the tabernacle is now in the parish church of Taxenbach , the pulpit and the organ were placed in the church of Bucheben, built in 1784, in the municipality of Rauris . This organ was taken over by the organ builder Franz Reinisch II (1840–1921) in 1896 without having paid any compensation, as the pastor of Bucheben, Johann Ghedina, protested, and it has been missing since then. Only a few gold-plated decorations may have been carried over from the old case to the new one. The pulpit from the demolished pilgrimage church, however, has been preserved in Bucheben.

The demolition of the church met with opposition from the population; therefore a small new chapel was built as a replacement on the Mount of Olives above Embach below the crucifixion group, but it was hardly accepted.

In 1842 the new pilgrimage chapel with 20 seats, which still exists today, was built on the site of the demolished pilgrimage church, in which the miraculous image of Mother Mary made by Petrus Schmid in 1768, which previously stood in the original chapel, can be venerated. Some of the surviving votive tablets were also attached to the side walls.

Next to the original chapel from 1755 is the Augenbründl , which is said to have special healing powers , which is why many pilgrims have always washed their eyes in it. After the spring almost dried up, the water has been bubbling again since 2012.

The pilgrimage site

Miraculous image in the chapel

Images of grace and cult objects

The primary cult object is a copy of a Vesper image ( Pietà ) made in 1744 : the body of Christ lies to the left on the right a kneeling female figure wiping the left foot of Christ with a cloth, on the left a little angel who is also drying Christ's left arm with a cloth .


Pilgrimage motifs were and are the search for the healing spring, in particular because of eye problems, votives were toads replicated in wax, used crutches and hair sacrifices; the first entry in the preserved miracle book dates from 1628. In 1958, around 60 votive pictures were still preserved. A stronger influx of pilgrims can be observed on July 2nd and on the three golden Saturdays after Michaelmas (September 29th), engaged petitions keep the communities of Taxenbach, Eschenau, Lend and Rauris.

Relics of the old church


A little below the pilgrimage and origin chapel is the inn "Maria Elend" on the road, which was used as a convalescent home for the White Cross Society until the early 1920s .


  • Karl Ginhart: ÖKT 25. The monuments of the political district of Zell am See, Baden near Vienna 1933.
  • Gustav Gugitz : Austria's places of grace in cult and custom. A topographical handbook on religious folklore in five volumes, Volume 5, Vienna 1958.
  • Benedikt Pillwein : Benedikt Pillwein (Ed.): History, geography and statistics of the Archduchy of Austria above the Enns and the Duchy of Salzburg . With a register, which is also the topographical and genealogical lexicon and the district map. Geographical-historical-statistical detail according to district commissariats. 1st edition. 5 parts. Joh. Christ. Quandt, Linz (1827–39). 2nd edition 1843, p. 539 f.
  • Johannes Neuhardt (Ed.): Salzburg's pilgrimages in cult and custom. Catalog of the 11th special exhibition of the Salzburg Cathedral Museum, Salzburg 1986.
  • Johannes Neuhardt: Pilgrimages in the Archdiocese of Salzburg. Munich and Zurich 1982.
  • Roman Schmeißner: Organ building in Salzburg pilgrimage churches . WiKu-Verlag, Duisburg & Cologne 2015, ISBN 978-3-86553-446-0 .

Web links

Commons : Pilgrimage Chapel Maria Elend  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

References and comments

  1. ↑ The day of patronage in the Catholic liturgical calendar is September 15th.
  2. ^ Personnel status of the world and religious clergy of the Archdiocese of Salzburg for 1957 ( Schematismus 1957), ed. from the Archbishop's Ordinariate Salzburg 1957, p. 273.
  3. pfarre-lend.at Information about the Archdiocese of Salzburg, Parish Association Dienten - Embach - Lend under times of worship: (accessed on May 6, 2014).
  4. Under Pope Pius V , the feast day on July 2nd was included in the general Roman calendar. Since July 2 after the Nativity of John the Baptist (June 24) is (exactly one day after the Octave of St. John's Eve), who moved conciliar liturgical reform the mid-1960s the festival on May 31 in front (up to then date the festival Mary Queen ), so that it can also be celebrated as the closing festival of the traditional month of Mary .
  5. ^ Johannes Neuhardt : Pilgrimages in the Archdiocese of Salzburg. Munich and Zurich 1982, p. 118.
  6. ^ AES : Parish archive Embach, box No. 3, building materials, cost estimates. Salzburg, November 20, 1782.
  7. ^ AES: Box 9, Subject 93, Fascicle 10 (Part 1), regarding Embach / Maria Elend (Salzburg, July 30, 1783).
  8. ÖKT 25 : The monuments of the political district of Zell am See (ÖKT 25), ed. from the Art History Institute of the Federal Monuments Office, Baden near Vienna 1933, p. 237.
  9. ÖKT 25, p. 185.
  10. See: Johann Ghedina , accessed on May 2, 2016.
  11. ^ Roman Matthias Schmeißner: Studies on organ building in pilgrimage churches of the Archdiocese of Salzburg , dissertation University Mozarteum Salzburg 2012, p. 51.
  12. ^ Neuhardt: Pilgrimages , p. 118.
  13. A painted miraculous image has been in the Embach church since 1783, the probably carved original from the 16th century is considered lost. In 1768 Petrus Schmid made a stone copy, which is now placed in the chapel built in 1842.
  14. Why the so-called "Sorrowful Mother" is depicted as a left-handed woman could give rise to speculation.
  15. ^ Gustav Gugitz: Austria's places of grace in cult and custom. A topographical handbook for religious folklore in five volumes, Vienna 1958, volume 5, p. 177 f.
  16. Compare to this: Miracle Books . Miracle reports, worked up u. a. by Adolf Hahnl, medically interpreted by Josef Thurner. In: Salzburg's pilgrimages in cult and custom , catalog of the 11th special show of the Salzburg Cathedral Museum, ed. by Johannes Neuhardt, Salzburg 1986, pp. 101–304. With regard to Embach / Maria Elend pp. 161–166.
  17. Gugitz: Places of Grace . P. 178.
  18. ^ Neuhardt: Pilgrimages. P. 118.

Coordinates: 47 ° 16 ′ 46.5 ″  N , 12 ° 59 ′ 17.1 ″  E