Female gender

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The Venus symbol stands for the female gender (interpreted as a stylized hand mirror of the goddess of love Venus )

In bisexual reproduction , the female sex is the sex that provides the female reproductive cells ( egg cells ), which are fertilized by the larger number of male reproductive cells ( sperm ) and give rise to one or more offspring ( multiples ). It is marked with the Venus symbol ♀ .


Higher animals and plants usually reproduce sexually. There are many species (or higher systematic units) with asexual reproduction , but this then came about through evolution , that is, the ancestors of these groups had sexual reproduction. In most cases, the female (feminine) and male (masculine) gender are distributed among different individuals , called females and males in animals . Even species that contain true hermaphrodites ( hermaphroditism ), species with self-fertilization and monoecious plants reproduce sexually - here the individuals are both female and male, either simultaneously (simultaneously) or one after the other (successively). Bisexuality has developed independently of one another several times in the course of evolution (see also disadvantages of sexual reproduction and gender determination ).

In humans and in some other species there are occasionally individuals who cannot be clearly assigned to one of the two sexes, often formerly called hermaphrodites. In biology this is generally referred to as gynandromorphism , in humans more as intersexuality , socially as the third gender (to women and men ). In contrast to true hermaphroditism, such individuals are only able to reproduce to a limited extent or not at all.

A feminization occurs when properties are clearly in an individual over the course of its development, which correspond to the female of his species phenotypes (the feminization of men see effemination.a , the masculinization of women or men see virilization ).


In humans , the female gender is determined by four biological indicators:

In intersex people (formerly: hermaphrodites, hermaphrodites ), the primary sexual characteristics are less pronounced and cannot be clearly assigned to the female or male gender, in some cases male sexual characteristics are also present (gynandromorphism) .

Other animals

In animals, different physical and genetic mechanisms determine the sex of an individual :


In the case of seed plants , a distinction is made according to whether an individual

Web links

Commons : women, females (females)  -Gender (gender) - collection of pictures and media files
Wiktionary: female  - gender - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations