Weather god

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Weather god from Zincirli with a bundle of lightning and ax, in the late Hittite style

A weather god was worshiped in many cultures, for example in Mesopotamia , Old Syria, Anatolia and Old America .

Ehecatl and Tlaloc

Central American peoples, including the Mexica , the Toltecs, and the Teotihuacan people , worshiped numerous weather- related gods, including a wind god called Ehecatl in Nahuatl and a rain god called Tlaloc .


The Germanic Thor , Zeus in Greece and the Japanese god Raijin were associated with lightning and thunder .


The sun was also worshiped in many cultures. In ancient Egypt, Ra sailed across the sky daily in the sun barge, and in the Inca Empire the sun god Inti is imagined as a golden disc with a human face.


In the Sumerian religion , the weather god was called Iškur . In southern Mesopotamia, its destructive capabilities such as storm, flood and drought came to the fore. This was mainly due to the fact that he did not “need” Iškur as a source of rain in the south, where irrigated agriculture was not predominant.


In the Ugaritic - Phoenician area, Ba'al was worshiped as the fertility and weather god in the Ugaritic religion . He was depicted with a helmet and two bull horns.


The Semitic weather god Hadad is already mentioned in the third millennium BC. Venerated in northern Syria. His shrine was in Aleppo . In Mesopotamia he was venerated around the city of Qarqar as a blessing giver. Hadad / Adad is the son of An and husband of Ninḫursanga in Akkadian mythology . Adad's symbolic animal was the bull , his attribute a lightning bolt - either in one hand or alone.


Among the Hatti , the weather god was called Taru .


With the Hittites , too , the weather god Tarḫunna was at the head of the pantheon . Among the Luwians he was called Tarḫunz . The name appears among the Lycians as Trqqis, which was equated with the Greek Zeus.

Iupiter Dolichenus

In Roman times, the Syrian weather god was spread as Iupiter Dolichenus by the Roman military as far as Central Europe. A bronze votive plate comes from Heddernheim .


Among the Hurrites , the weather god was Teššup and was at the head of the pantheon. Among the western Hurrites he was married to Ḫepat and his son was Sarruma , the daughter Allanzu . Teššup's most important place of worship was Aleppo . The climax of his cult was there in the second millennium BC. Chr .; in the first millennium BC However, adoration can hardly be proven any more.


In the kingdom of Urartu (Eastern Anatolia) the weather god was called Teišeba .


Among the Etruscans the main god Tinia (Tins) was also invoked as the weather and vegetation god.

Peter as "weather god"

In monotheistic Christianity there are in principle not several gods differentiated according to their functions, so there is no weather god either. In popular belief, however, the apostle Peter is seen as responsible for the weather and in this context is also referred to as the weather god. This designation has broken away from popular belief and has become common language.

The attribution probably stems from the fact that Peter is responsible for opening and closing the gates of heaven in medieval depictions. "Peter has opened the sluices of heaven" is the popular paraphrase of the rainy weather. As the cultural-historical successor of the Roman god Janus , Peter is also closely related to weather phenomena.

See also


Web links

Wiktionary: Wettergott  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Graulich, Michel: “Los dioses del Altiplano central” . In: Arqueología Mexicana . No. 20 , p. 30-39 .
  2. a b Julie Lloyd: Weather. From climate history to weather forecast. Parragon, Bath (UK) n.d., p. 157.
  3. Examples: Weather god Petrus ensures a sunny festive atmosphere (Aargauer Zeitung), symphonic orchestras hope for positive signals from weather god Petrus (Solinger Tageblatt), "Weather god Peter turned a blind eye" (Wasserburg voice).
  4. Peter in the Ecumenical Lexicon of Saints