|Place:||New York City , United States|
|Construction time :||1910-1913|
|Opening:||April 24, 1913|
|Renovation:||1977–1981 for US $ 20 million and 2000|
|Architectural style :||Neo-Gothic|
|Architect :||Cass Gilbert|
|Use / legal|
|Owner :||Witkoff Group|
Control Group Inc.
New York University
|Client :||Winfield Woolworth|
|Height :||241.4 m|
|Height to the top:||241.4 m|
|Rank (height) :||22nd place (New York)|
|Usable area :||120,000 m²|
|Building material :||Structure: steel ;
Facade: granite , limestone , glass
|Building-costs:||13.5 million US dollars|
The Woolworth Building on Broadway in Manhattan , New York City was built between 1910 and 1913. The building cost its owner Frank Winfield Woolworth $ 13.5 million, which he paid in cash. At 241 meters, it was the tallest building in the world until the Bank of Manhattan Building (now 40 Wall Street) was completed on Wall Street in 1930.
History and architecture
When the building was inaugurated on April 24, 1913, it was considered the eighth wonder of the world. Frank Winfield Woolworth invited 800 guests to this festive occasion. During the ceremony, President Woodrow Wilson's White House in Washington switched on lighting for the building.
The executive architect was Cass Gilbert , who also built the New York Life Insurance Building and the Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse in New York City. The lobby features sculptures by Frank Woolworth, Cass Gilbert and Louis Horowitz , the builder of the building , among others . Today the building belongs to the Witkoff Group.
The building consists of a 29-storey high substructure and an additional 28-storey tower on top. At night the upper part of the tower is illuminated green and white. When Cass Gilbert constructed the Woolworth Building, he wanted to combine Gothic elements with the modern idea of the skyscraper. As a result, you can find gargoyles , corner turrets, painted terracotta panels and floating pillars on the facade . Above the entrance there is a tympanum on which the personification of the trade can be seen. Because of its aesthetics and function, the Woolworth Building has been nicknamed the "Cathedral of Commerce". The name goes back to a 1916 booklet of the same title by Reverend S. Parkes Cadman. There was also direct underground access to the now disused City Hall station .
In November 1966, the Woolworth Building was granted National Historic Landmark status. This was linked to the entry in the National Register of Historic Places .
It was renovated for $ 20 million between 1977 and 1981. The last major renovation took place in 2000 . In mid-2012, plans were announced to convert the upper floors into luxurious apartments. The redesign of the last 30 floors is planned. This was still being worked on in 2018.
- Dirk Stichweh: New York Skyscrapers. Prestel Verlag, Munich u. a. 2009, ISBN 978-3-7913-4054-8 .
- Woolworth Building at SkyscraperPage.com
- Pictures collection for Woolworth Building (English)
- further information at the CTBUH
- ↑ Celebrate Woolworth Building Centennial: The Woolworth Building ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Equivalent to $ 333,000,000 in 2014 purchasing power
- ^ A b c Study for Woolworth Building, New York . December 10, 1910. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- ^ Philip Sutton: The Woolworth Building: The Cathedral of Commerce . In: Blogs . New York Public Library . Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- ↑ Listing of National Historic Landmarks by State: New York. National Park Service , accessed February 2, 2020.
- ^ Woolworth Building on the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed February 2, 2020.
- ^ Woolworth Building's Top Floors Will Become Luxury Condos
|before||Tallest skyscraper in the world||after that|
|Metropolitan Life Tower||241 m
|Bank of Manhattan Company Building|
Coordinates: 40 ° 42 ′ 44 ″ N , 74 ° 0 ′ 29 ″ W.