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The frame is the side framing component of a spatial object.

Word origin

The word 'Zarge' goes back to Old High German zarga f., Seitenwand, Rand 'and is related to Old English targe f. / targa m. 'Small shield , round shield', old Norse targa f. 'Round shield', from which a primitive Germanic basic meaning 'edge' → 'side border', 'frame' results. The word is perhaps related to the ancient Greek δράσσεσθαι drássesthai ' to grasp'.

In cooperage , the word 'Zarge' (or 'Gargel') describes the groove in which the base is worked. It can be assumed that the term initially referred to wooden connections that allow right-angled joining (corner connections, such as groove and insert, burr and the like), and then carried over to the side parts built in with them.

Door and window frames

Drawings of old door frames

The following information applies accordingly to window frames (window frame ) .

The door frame , and the door sash and general language door frame called, is the stationary part of the door , in which the movable part of the door extending door leaf or the door leaf is located. The door frame is primarily used to stop the door leaf, i.e. for fastening and as a form-fitting counterpart to the actual door. Block, corner and surrounding frames also cover the reveal of the wall opening. A threshold is often found as a sealing, stiffening or covering element on the lower part of the frame.

The door frame is mostly used to hold the door hinges ( hinges ). Their position on the frame depends on the opening direction of the door . Usually - with the exception of double-leaf doors - the strike plate for the lock latch is also mounted on the door frame on the side opposite the door hinge.

Door frames are usually made of

A distinction is made in terms of construction:

  • Surrounding frame , as the door casing or casing frame referred to the classic wooden frame, which includes the wall opening on three sides today are often steel frames used.
    • The door frame in the true sense of the word covers the inner wall reveal , the side part of the surrounding frame is the cladding
  • Corner frame , includes the wall opening only on one side and the part of the reveal facing it , usually made of steel or aluminum
  • Rohrrahmenzarge (steel, plastic or aluminum), usually as a block frame adapted
  • Setting , regional also Stockzarge or door frame , called a door frame with a compact, one-piece cross section which is further differentiated depending on the installation position in which:
    • Block frame , which is mounted in the door reveal and fills it over its entire width, the
    • Stick frame, which is also mounted in the door reveal, but is not as wide as this one, and the
    • Outer frame frame , which is mounted in front of the wall opening or in front of a wall stop and blinds it , i.e. conceals it .

The side panels of traditional lining frames sit on the wall surface. In modern architecture, frames that are flush with the wall are also used, which are connected to the wall with an elastic joint compound or a U-profile that forms a shadow gap. For installation with the same surface, block frames or narrow surrounding frames are used, which sit over a previously assembled block frame.

Standard dimensions doors

Common standard dimensions are:

  • Door Width: 834 mm (. Internally, such as glass doors or rebated doors)
    From this the following measures are derived: 819 mm Zargendurchgangsmaß , 841 mm frame rebate , 860 mm Width of door outside (rebated in supernatant doors), 875 mm Standard dimensions of the wall opening DIN 18100 , 885 mm construction practice of the wall opening for today's standard frames.
    Other common widths are derived from the standard door widths of 584 mm (very narrow), 709 mm (narrow), 959 mm (wide), 1084 mm (very wide) and 1209 mm (extra wide).
  • Door height: 1972 mm (normal) or 2097 mm (high) inside, 1985 or 2110 mm outside
  • Hinge reference line , the contact area between the hinge part of the frame and the hinge part of the door: 241 mm upper door edge and upper hinge, 1435 mm between upper and lower hinge.

Special use

  • In carpentry and wood processing
    • in general for all spatial equipment manufactured by the carpenter - i.e. for tables and boxes, the side parts or the complete frame of the bed ( bed frame ), but in each case without legs, etc.
    • Door and window frame - the technical term for door and window frames or window stock
    • Frame , the side parts of the body of plucked and stringed instruments
  • In beekeeping and beekeeping
  • Steel frame
  • a setting around the gemstone / gemstone when making jewelry
  • in exhibition stand construction a horizontal connection between two vertical system profiles
  • in packaging technology for the body of a folding box
  • Fan frame - the technical term for the frame on which a vehicle engine fan is attached, which in turn is attached to the radiator or condenser.

See also

  • Fascinating stripes around the wall openings for doors and windows that are designed to be detached from the facade. Often designed as part of the frame (surrounding frame).

Web links

Wiktionary: Zarge  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. frame , f . In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 31 : Z-Zmasche - (XV). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1956 ( - lateral border of a spatial object). Frame . In: Wolfgang Pfeifer u. a .: Etymological dictionary of German . Berlin 1989 (and later editions).
  2. frame. - Section: 3). In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 31 : Z-Zmasche - (XV). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1956 ( - incision inside the wooden dishes to insert the bottom, especially on the fascia staves, more often gargel).