|ÖBB 1110 / 1110.500|
1110 003-9 with freight train in St. Michael (1994)
|Manufacturer:||ABES ( AEG , BBC , ELIN , Siemens )
|Year of construction (s):||1956-1961|
|Axis formula :||Co'Co '|
|Length over buffers:||17,860 mm|
|Service mass:||106 t (1110); 114 t (1110.5)|
|Top speed:||110 km / h (1110 & 1110.5)|
|Hourly output :||4,000 kW|
|Continuous output :||4,000 kW|
|Starting tractive effort:||280 kN|
|Performance indicator:||37.3 kW / t|
|Power system :||15 kV, 16.7 Hz|
|Number of traction motors:||6th|
|Drive:||BBC hollow shaft spring drive|
|Type of speed switch:||N28i from BBC with flat track selector, transition resistor and 3 load switches (rated current: 400 A)|
|Brake:||Compressed air brake, train brake, sling brake,
electric brake (1110.500)
|Train control :||Sifa , Indusi|
The series 1110 and 1110.500 were originally designed as express locomotives for the Austrian Federal Railways . For decades, the locomotives were an important pillar of the electric rail operations of the ÖBB.
In the post-war period, the Austrian Federal Railways planned to purchase new electric locomotives after the most important main connections were again passable for 120 km / h and electrified . The ÖBB wanted locomotives that were approved for 130 km / h and had an output of at least 3000 kW . The main connections were served in the fifties with older series ( 1570 , 1670 , 1670.100 and 1018 ). Since these series were technically obsolete in the meantime, ordering more copies of these locomotives was no longer an option and the ÖBB decided to develop and procure new locomotives . The design of the 1110 series was based on the 1040 and 1041 series locomotives and the Ae 6/6 series of the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB). Since the ÖBB wanted to use the new locomotives not only on the Westbahn , but also on the lines in the Ennstal , the Südbahn , the Arlbergbahn and the Semmering , the axle load could not be more than 18 tons ; The locomotives were therefore given the Co'Co ' wheel arrangement. The approximately 120 t SBB Ae 6/6 could not be taken over due to the limited axle load, which is why a separate locomotive with a maximum total weight of 108 t had to be developed. In terms of performance, this of course could not quite come close to the Ae 6/6. The ÖBB series 1010 and 1110 are the same except for the changed translations, although there were differences in some details in each of the two series.
The first copies were delivered in 1956. Between 1956 and 1961, the ÖBB received 30 locomotives, which were initially used in express train service on the Semmering Railway and the Arlberg Railway. With the acquisition of the 1044 series, the 1110 series locomotives were ousted from the express train service due to their top speed of only 110 km / h and used in freight train service, but they continued to be used for regional trains. All locomotives were equipped with Sifa , Indusi and train radio .
In 1974 and 1975, ten 1110 series DC drag brakes were installed. The converted machines were given the series designation 1110.500 while retaining the old serial number . These locomotives could be recognized by the fact that they had braking resistors above the driver's cabs. In addition, unlike the other machines, they had a new paint job.
The field of application of the locomotives was very extensive, because after their commissioning they were among the fastest electric locomotives of the ÖBB. They carried express trains on the Western Railway from Vienna, via Salzburg to the Swiss border to Buchs , as well as on the Southern Railway and via Semmering to the border stations with Italy and Yugoslavia . Since the express train service was gradually taken over by the 1044 series, the locomotives carried freight and regional trains until they were retired. They were also used in RoLa traffic .
In 2000 the ÖBB still had 18 locomotives of the 1110 series and 10 locomotives of the 1110.5 series. The locomotives were most recently at home in Linz and Villach . In 2003 all remaining locomotives were decommissioned as part of the ÖBB modernization program. The last representatives left on December 1, 2003 (1110.023) and September 1, 2003 (1110.526).
The 1110 series locomotives were given two different types of bogie . The 1110.01 to 04 and 06 to 10 received bogies with real pivot pins. Machines 05 (later 505) and 11 to 30 had no pivot pins. The pivot-free version was initially controversial and consisted of a so-called dissolved weighing system; the 1110.502 was the only machine in the 1110.5 series with a real deep pivot. In both variants, the bogies that carried the main frame and the locomotive body were cross-coupled. The locomotives had rounded end faces; the two cabs were connected to one another. The transformer was in the middle of the locomotive, the fans, auxiliary equipment and auxiliary devices were mounted on platforms.
All locomotives originally had a pantograph (type V with double rocker) that was carried by the roof. The 1110.500 series received single-arm pantographs for reasons of space. The main switch, which was connected to the two pantographs by roof cables, was also located on the roof. The transformer was mounted on the frame and was cooled by an oil cooling system. The six existing traction motors were controlled by a 28-stage high-voltage switch gear. The power transmission took place with a BBC spring drive. The gears were helical, the ratio was 1: 3.7 on the 1110 and 1110.500. All locomotives were equipped with a fast-acting automatic air brake, an after-brake valve, a train brake and a spin brake. The 1110.500 series were also equipped with an electric brake.
From the 1110 and 1110.500 series, six each have been preserved to this day:
|1110.020-3 *||1960||blood orange||ÖGEG||Ampflwang|
|1110.023-7||1960||blood orange||Collection Republic of Austria||Strasshof|
|1110.025-5 *||1960||blood orange||ÖGEG||Ampflwang|
|1110.505||1957||blood orange||Private ownership / New State Railroad Association||Mistelbach local train station|
|1110.524-4||1960||yellow grey||Privately owned||Schruns|
|1110.530-1 *||1960||Valousek||Club 1018||Spotted in Timelkam in 05/2020|
Locomotives marked with a * were used as spare parts donors.
- Klaus-J. Vetter: The great manual for electric locomotives. Sconto, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-7654-4066-3 .
- Günter Kettler: The ÖBB series 1010 and 1110. Verlag Peter Pospischil, Vienna 2001.
- Markus Inderst : Picture atlas of the ÖBB locomotives. All traction vehicles of the Austrian Federal Railways. GeraMond, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-7654-7084-4 .