İnsan Hak ve Hürriyetleri ve İnsani Yardım Vakfı

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The İHH İnsani Yardım Vakfı ( İHH , İnsan Hak ve Hürriyetleri ve İnsani Yardım Vakfı , German: Foundation for Human Rights, Freedoms and Humanitarian Aid ) is a Turkish , Islamic , non-governmental, international organization with connections to various Islamist organizations . It was founded in 1992 in Turkey against the background of the Bosnian War from a youth organization of the Millî Görüş ( Anadolu Gençlik ). After the Bosnian War, the organization expanded its activities. According to the Turkish media, she took part. a. on aid missions in Ethiopia, Lebanon, Indonesia, Iraq, Palestine and Pakistan. The IHH became known internationally as a co-organizer of a ship convoy that was boarded on May 31, 2010 by an Israeli military operation . Previously, she was also involved in aid convoys for the Gaza Strip , which has been under blockade by Israel and Egypt since 2007 .

Proximity to Islamist organizations

According to a working paper published by the Danish Institute for International Studies , reliable information should be available that “in the past the IHH provided logistical and financial support to the global jihad network”. Some Western intelligence services consider the Turkish IHH to be an Islamist organization with ties to Hamas, al-Qaeda and the Taliban. The journalist Richard Spencer of the British newspaper The Daily Telegraph describes it as a " radical Islamist group in the guise of a humanitarian organization ".

In 1997, the Turkish authorities seized weapons, explosives, instructions for building bombs and a jihad flag from the Turkish IHH . According to the authorities, arrested members of the organization were to be sent to Afghanistan, Bosnia and Chechnya as fighters. The accused President of IHH was acquitted. According to Evan F. Kohlmann, the French secret service saw connections with Islamic extremists in the mid-1990s.

Nilüfer Narlı, professor at the Bahçeşehir University in Istanbul and Middle East and Turkish military budget expert, sees it as proven that IHH finances Hamas.


IHH is one of 3000 non-governmental organizations worldwide that have advisory status with the UN Economic and Social Council . The prerequisite for this is that an organization has a democratically adopted statute and has the authority to speak for its members. In addition, it must demonstrate appropriate mechanisms for accountability, democratic and transparent decision-making processes.

On July 12, 2010 the International Humanitarian Aid Organization was banned by Interior Minister Thomas de Maizière because it "under the guise of humanitarian aid deliberately and specifically supports organizations that are part of Hamas or that in turn support Hamas". This organization is not İHH İnsani Yardım Vakfı, as the German association explained after the Ship-to-Gaza incident . After the ban, the Turkish IHH distanced itself from the German organization of the same name and declared that it had no ties to it. However, the two organizations have the same origins and in 1997 split into a Turkish and a German organization. According to the Office for the Protection of the Constitution, both maintain close ties to Millî Görüş .

Relationship with Israel and its citizens

In May 2011, the IHH campaigns in Turkey, even after the reconciliation between Benjamin Netanyahu and Tayyip Erdoğan, resulted in the Israeli singer and composer Yuval Ron having a planned appearance in Istanbul and the Israeli Cameri Theater from Tel Aviv a planned guest performance Antalya canceled. The Israeli jazz musician Itamar Erez and his ensemble Adama decided not to take part in the Akbank Jazz Days in Istanbul in June 2011 after the Israeli consulate in Istanbul received numerous threats from anti-Israel activists.

Awards (selection)

  • Efficiency Prize of the General Management of Turkish Associations (2005)
  • Project award from the General Directorate of Turkish Associations (2006) for the Aşiyana orphanage in Pakistan as the best project
  • Project award from the General Directorate of Turkish Associations (2006) for the women's education institute in Somalia as the best project
  • Project award from the General Directorate of Turkish Associations (2006) for the mobile hospital in Iraq as the best project
  • Great National Assembly of Turkey Award for Outstanding Service (2007)

Web links


  1. Boris Kálnoky: The Islamist Background of the Gaza Fleet. In: Die Welt , June 12, 2010.
  2. a b Factbox: Turkish charity group behind Gaza-bound convoy (English) . In: Reuters , May 31, 2010. Retrieved June 10, 2010. 
  3. ^ A b Richard Spencer: Gaza flotilla: the Free Gaza Movement and the IHH . In: The Daily Telegraph . May 31, 2010. Retrieved June 5, 2010.
  4. ^ A b Evan F. Kohlmann: The Role of Islamic Charities in International Terrorist Recruitment and Financing. In: Danish Institute for International Studies ( PDF ; 83 kB).
  5. Özgür Öğret, Sevim Songün: Turkish humanitarian group on Gaza ship denies accusations against them (English) . In: Hürriyet Daily News , June 4, 2010. Archived from the original on June 6, 2010. Retrieved June 6, 2010. 
  6. - ( Memento from June 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  8. Alan Posener : "I'm not a useful idiot". In: Die Welt , June 4, 2010.
  9. Press release of the Federal Ministry of the Interior of July 12, 2010
  10. De Maizière bans Hamas donation association. In: Spiegel Online , July 12, 2010.
  11. IHH eV: Clarification ( Memento of the original from June 5, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  12. Turkish IHH distances itself from banned group in Germany . In: Stern (magazine) , July 13, 2010. Archived from the original on July 16, 2010. 
  13. ^ De Maizière bans association for donations to Hamas. In: Zeit Online , July 12, 2010.
  14. Turkish danger Israel's musicians fear attack. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , June 28, 2011 (fee required).
  15. Archive link ( Memento from May 12, 2011 in the Internet Archive )