Adolf Hilgenfeld

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Adolf Hilgenfeld

Adolf Bernhard Christoph Hilgenfeld (born June 2, 1823 in Stappenbeck near Salzwedel , † January 12, 1907 in Jena ) was a German Protestant theologian .

life and work

Hilgenfeld was the son of pastor Johann Christoph Hilgenfeld (1795–1879), whose ancestors were in turn mill owners in Krüden . In 1854 he married the daughter of the chief preacher Gottfried Wolterstorff in Osterburg (Altmark) Luise (1826–1868), who came from an old family of pastors in the Altmark. This marriage resulted in three children: the Dortmund high school professor Rudolf (born 1857), Berta (1859–1935, unmarried) and Heinrich Hilgenfeld (1862–1945), high school professor in Jena and lecturer at the university. After the death of his first wife, Adolf Hilgenfeld married Eugenie Zenker (1830–1909), the daughter of the natural scientist Jonathan Karl Zenker , professor in Jena. The family moved into the house of the uncle von Eugenie, the founder of the educational institute for boys, Gustav Zenker (1808–1875), the Frommann property on Fürstengraben.

Hilgenfeld studied at the University of Berlin and the University of Halle . In 1848 he completed his habilitation at the University of Jena and became an associate professor in 1850 and a full honorary professor in 1869, but not until 1890 professor for the New Testament and older church history. He belonged to the Tübingen school . From 1858 he was editor of the journal for scientific theology .

There is an estate in the Tübingen University Library .


  • The Elementary Recognitions and Homilies (1848)
  • The Gospels and the Epistles of John according to their doctrinal concept (1849)
  • The Gospel of Mark (1850)
  • The Apostolic Fathers (1853)
  • The Gospels according to their origin and historical significance (1854)
  • Early Christianity and its latest adaptations (1855)
  • The Jewish apocalyptic in its historical development (1857)
  • Novum Testamentum extra canonem receptum (4 volumes, 1866; 2nd edition, 1876–1884)
  • Historical-critical introduction to the New Testament (1875)
  • The heretic history of early Christianity. Leipzig 1884.
  • Judaism and Jewish Christianity: a glimpse of the heretic history of early Christianity. Leipzig 1886.
  • Acta Apostolorum graece et latine secundum antiquissimos testes (1899)
  • Ignatii et Polycarpi epistolae (1902)


Individual evidence

  1. Blätter (1935), p. 1.
  2. Signature: Mn 1, Federal Archives, Central Database of Legacies . Retrieved September 11, 2019.

Web links

Commons : Adolf Hilgenfeld  - Collection of images, videos and audio files