|Height :||21 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||29.36 km²|
|Residents :||654 (2015)|
|Population density :||22 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2010|
|Postal code :||39615|
|Area code :||039386|
Location in Saxony-Anhalt
The Altmark village Krüden, emerged as Gutssiedlung with church, located five kilometers northwest of the city Seehausen (Altmark) in the extreme north of Saxony-Anhalt. The Aland flows to the north and east of the village and the Seegraben Krüden to the south. The former estate was east of the church. To the north of the village are the Schlossteich with the Augraben Krüden in the Middle Elbe Biosphere Reserve in the Aland-Elbe-Niederung nature reserve .
Structure of the district
The following residential areas belong to the district of Krüden (smaller settlements):
- "At the edge of the forest" in the northwest, the former rabbit settlement
- Gerichsee in the south at Seegraben Krüden
- Groß Holzhausen
- Vosshof in the east on the Aland
- Wilhelminenhof in the south
The first mention comes from 1208 as Krughen . Margrave Albrecht II confirmed his possessions to the Arendsee Monastery, including the church in Krüden. Adolph Friedrich Riedel writes eccliamque in Kruysen , based on an imprecise document print , according to Hermann Krabbo . Further mentions are 1225 in villa Crughen , 1334 in kruge , 1461 to krugen , 1541 Krugen , 1572 Im dorf Kruegenn , 1687 Krüden , 1804 Crüden and 1873 Crüden (= Krüden) .
The von Kruge and von Welle families owned Krüden until the 16th century. From 1606 to 1919 the von Jagow family lived in the manor house or castle Krüden . During this time they created a botanically interesting park.
Originally the spelling Crüden was also permitted, from 1902 only Krüden , because on August 18, 1902, the district president in Magdeburg established "the spelling with the letter K in the initials of state police routes as the official one".
In 1931 the municipality of Krüden included:
- on today's street "Zum Holland",
- directly on the Gerichsee, also called Gerischsee, Görischsee,
- with a forester's house, east of the lake,
- also written Altengoehre, located north of Groß Holzhausen.
The community of Krüden, which existed until 2009, with its villages of Vielbaum, Krüden and Groß Holzhausen, moved in a relaxed settlement structure along the connecting road from Seehausen (Altmark) to Schnackenburg in Lower Saxony .
On September 30, 1928 the manor district Krüden was united with the rural community Krüden (west of the church). The estate, the Holländerhof Krüden and the Vorwerk Gerichsee belonged to the estate district east of the church. On April 1, 1939, the communities Krüden and Groß Holzhausen from the district of Osterburg were merged into one community with the name Krüden. In 1939 the Upper President of the Province of Saxony determined the name "Krüden, district of Groß Holzhausen" for the former municipality of Groß Holzhausen.
On July 1, 1950, the community of Vielbaum was incorporated into Krüden. On 25 July 1952, the municipality Krüden was from the district Osterburg in the district Seehausen reclassified. After its dissolution, it came to the Osterburg district on July 2, 1965 and finally to the Stendal district on July 1, 1994.
Until December 31, 2009 Krüden was an independent municipality with the residential areas Gerichsee, Groß Holzhausen, Vielbaum , Voßhof and Wilhelminenhof and belonged to the administrative community Seehausen (Altmark) .
The municipal councils of the municipalities of Aulosen (on June 23, 2009), Krüden (on June 17, 2009), Pollitz (on June 19, 2009) and Wanzer (on June 9, 2009) decided by means of a territorial change agreement that their municipalities should be dissolved and closed to be united in a new church called Aland . This resolution was approved by the county as the lower local supervisory authority and came into force on January 1, 2010. Krüden and Vielbaum came as districts to the municipality of Aland. The district of Groß Holzhausen no longer existed.
The evangelical parish Krüden belonged to the parish Krüden (Crüden). Since 1993 the Evangelicals from Krüden belong to the parish parish Krüden-Vielbaum and today to the parish area Seehausen in the parish of Stendal in the provost district of Stendal-Magdeburg of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany .
The last mayor of the municipality of Krüden was Hans-Joachim Hildebrandt.
Culture and sights
- The evangelical village church Krüden is a brick church that was probably built towards the end of the 12th century.
- The Castle Krüden was used from 1963 to 2010 as a school. Since 2011, it has been the seat of a tea factory with online trading.
- In the Heimatstube Krüden , founded in 1983, a collection of historical everyday objects from houses and homesteads in the immediate vicinity from the GDR period and the pre- and post-war period of the 20th century is on display.
- The local cemetery is located in the western part of the village.
In mid-2019, four associations were listed in Krüden in the association register of the Stendal District Court.
- Association of the volunteer fire brigade Krüden / Vielbaum e. V.
- Mixed choir / Alandspatzen Krüden
- Romanesque churches Krüden / Vielbaum e. V.
- Sports club Krüden / Groß Garz e. V.
Economy and Infrastructure
The federal road 189 from Stendal to Wittenberge and the main line Magdeburg – Wittenberge runs through the east of the municipality . Krüden station is on the Salzwedel – Geestgottberg railway line , on which passenger traffic was discontinued in 2004.
In the village there is the “Krüdener Waldwichtel” day care center.
Sons and daughters (selection)
- Adolf von Jagow (1811–1881), Prussian chamberlain and lord of the Krüden
- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical local lexicon for the Altmark (Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg, Part XII) . In: Publications of the Brandenburg State Main Archives . tape 1 -A-K. BWV Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-3743-4 , p. 1270 ff .
- Wilhelm Zahn : Local history of the Altmark . Edited by Martin Ehlies based on the bequests of the author. 2nd Edition. Verlag Salzwedeler Wochenblatt, Graphische Anstalt, Salzwedel 1928, DNB 578458357 , p. 175 .
- JAF Hermes, MJ Weigelt: Historical-geographical-statistical-topographical handbook from the administrative districts of Magdeburg . Topographical part. Ed .: Verlag Heinrichshofen. tape 2 , 1842, p. 376 , 82. Krüden ( versionhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3DHB4_AAAAcAAJ%26pg%3DPA376~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3D~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
- Johann Ernst Fabri : From the town of Seehausen (= contributions to geography, history and national studies . Volume 2 ). Schneider and Weigel, 1796, p. 448–455 , 3rd Crüden ( versionhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A10429204~SZ%3D00484~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
- Municipality of Aland, district of Krüden on seehausen-altmark.de
- Material on Krüden Castle (PDF; 232 kB) in the Duncker Collection of the Central and State Library Berlin
- Krüden in the historical directory of the association for computer genealogy
- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical local lexicon for the Altmark (Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg, Part XII) . Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-2235-5 , pp. 1270-1275 .
- Main statute of the municipality of Aland . July 2, 2015 ( verwaltungsportal.de [PDF; 275 kB ; accessed on February 21, 2016]).
- Saxony-Anhalt viewer of the State Office for Surveying and Geoinformation ( notes )
- Directory of municipalities and parts of municipalities . Area as of 1 April 2013 (= Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt [Ed.]: Directories / 003 . No. 2013 ). Halle (Saale) May 2013, p. 111 ( destatis.de [PDF; 1.6 MB ; accessed on August 24, 2019]).
- Top50 -CD Sachsen-Anhalt, 1.50000, State Office for Land Surveying and Geoinformation, Federal Office for Cartography and Geodesy 2003
- Hermann Krabbo : Regesten of the Margraves of Brandenburg from Ascanic house . Ed .: Association for the history of the Mark Brandenburg. 1. Delivery. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1910, p. 111 , No. 536 ( uni-potsdam.de ).
- Adolph Friedrich Riedel : Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Collection of documents, chronicles and other source documents . Main part 1st volume 17 . Berlin 1859, p. 2 ( digitized version ).
- Adolph Friedrich Riedel : Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Collection of documents, chronicles and other source documents . Main part 1st volume 22 . Berlin 1862, p. 3 ( digitized version ).
- Friedrich Wilhelm August Bratring : Statistical-topographical description of the entire Mark Brandenburg . For statisticians, businessmen, especially for camera operators. tape 1 . Berlin 1804, p. 312 ( http: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A10000735~SZ%3D00334~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
- The municipalities and manor districts of the Province of Saxony and their population. Edited and compiled by the Royal Statistical Bureau from the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. In: Königliches Statistisches Bureau (Hrsg.): The communities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population. tape VI , 1873, , p. 2 ( digitized version ).
- George Adalbert von Mülverstedt : Krüden and his owners up to the beginning of the 17th century . In: Annual reports of the Altmark Association for Patriotic History . 30th Annual Report, 1903, p. 100-131 ( altmark-geschichte.de [PDF]).
- Community of Aland, district of Krüden. Retrieved June 1, 2019 .
- Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1928, p. 433 , no.1760 . ,
- Prussian State Statistical Office (ed.): Community encyclopedia for the Free State of Prussia. Volume VIII, Province of Saxony . According to the final result of the census of June 16, 1925 and other official sources based on the territorial status of February 1, 1931. Berlin 1931, p. 70 , 74 dogs .
- Collection: Archeology (OsterburgMuseum). In: museum-digital: Saxony-Anhalt. Retrieved June 1, 2019 .
- Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1928, p. 213 . ,
- Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1938, p. 233-234 , No. 979 . ,
- Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1939, p. 159 , no. 609 . ,
- Federal Statistical Office (Ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , pp. 342, 346 .
- Landkreis Stendal (ed.): Official Journal . 19th year, no. 17 . Stendal August 12, 2009, p. 204 ff . ( landkreis-stendal.de [PDF; 6.8 MB ; accessed on December 2, 2015]).
- Andreas Puls: Places lose 122 inhabitants in 12 months . In: Volksstimme Magdeburg, local edition Osterburg . February 21, 2013 ( volksstimme.de [accessed June 19, 2019]).
- Parish Almanac or the Protestant clergy and churches of the Province of Saxony in the counties of Wernigerode, Rossla and Stolberg . 19th year, 1903, p. 106 ( wiki-de.genealogy.net [accessed June 1, 2019]). ,
- Seehausen parish area. Retrieved June 1, 2019 .
- Thomas Hartwig: All Altmark churches from A to Z . Elbe-Havel-Verlag, Havelberg 2012, ISBN 978-3-9814039-5-4 , p. 282 .
- Ralf Franke: Live and work in your own castle . In: Volksstimme Magdeburg, local edition Osterburg . July 12, 2016 ( volksstimme.de [accessed June 1, 2019]).
- Krüden home parlor. Retrieved June 1, 2019 .