|Height :||20 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||19 km²|
|Residents :||270 (2015)|
|Population density :||14 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2010|
|Postal code :||39615|
|Area code :||039395|
Location of Pollitz in Saxony-Anhalt
Half-timbered house in Pollitz
The Altmark Pollitz is located in the extreme north of Saxony-Anhalt on Aland , a few kilometers before its confluence with the Elbe in Schnackenburg . The Aland-Elbe-Niederung in the north of the village is a nature reserve and an EU bird sanctuary. From the point of view of the settlement geography, the location is a street village with a church that has been severely deformed due to manor formation .
According to the district directory of the State of Saxony-Anhalt, today's district of Pollitz consists of Pollitz and the smaller settlement Kahlenberge-Ziegelei, which consists of two residential areas: Kahlenberge and Ziegelei. In 2011, Vor Pollitz was also mentioned as a settlement in the district directory.
Pollitz was originally laid out by the Wends as a round village, which can still be seen in the corner . The first verifiable documentary mention comes from 1208, whereby the Wends settled there hundreds of years earlier, which can be seen from an urn field in the Pollitzer Feldmark. The name Pollitz is of Wendish origin and means field valley. In 1310, Waldemar , Margrave of the Mark Brandenburg , gave Pollitz to the Amelungsborn monastery east of the Voglers . Today's place emerged from two different villages. The German village of Fiefhufen was built next to the Wendish town of Pollitz . Up until the 16th century, the two villages still had their own schools .
The historian Peter P. Rohrlach points out that the claim that there originally were Wendisch- and Deutsch Pollitz cannot be confirmed from the available sources. In addition, Fiefhufen was not an independent village, but it was Hennig's wood from "viff huffen auer den Alandt", leased from the Schulzen von Jagow. The first mention comes from the year 1319 as Polnitz . The first mention of Deutsch als Duceke in 1208 refers to the neighboring village of Deutsch .
On September 30, 1928, the Pollitz manor from the Osterburg district was merged with the Pollitz rural community. At the same time, the Scharpenhufe estate was united with the rural community of Pollitz (with the residential areas Ganseburg, Nattewisch, brickworks), with the exception of the Dosse colony, which came to the rural community of Groß Garz .
On July 25, 1952, the municipality of Pollitz was reclassified from the Osterburg district to the Seehausen district. On July 2, 1965, the community came to the Osterburg district . On July 1, 1994 she finally came to the district of Stendal.
Until December 31, 2009 Pollitz was an independent municipality with the district Pollitz and the residential areas Kahlenberge and Ziegelei as well as the district Scharpenhufe with the residential area Nattewisch.
The municipal councils of the communities of Aulosen (on June 23, 2009), Krüden (on June 17, 2009), Pollitz (on June 19, 2009) and Wanzer (on June 9, 2009) decided that their communities should be dissolved and be united into a new parish called Aland . This contract was approved by the county as the lower local supervisory authority and came into effect on January 1, 2010.
The former rural community of Pollitz included:
- the village of Pollitz
- (Menzendorfshof), a farmyard, 1.5 kilometers southwest of the village
- (Wellenhof), a former estate, one kilometer southwest of the village
From 1928 onwards came from the former Pollitz estate :
- the manor Pollitz in the north of the village of Pollitz
- the also called Vorwerk or Gut Oevelgünne, just under two kilometers north of the estate
- , one kilometer north-northwest of the estate
- Kahlenberge , a former sheep farm one kilometer northwest
From 1929 until the end of 2009, the places from the former Scharpenhufe estate were part of it:
- the village of Scharpenhufe about two kilometers southeast of Pollitz
- (Gänseburg Colony) two kilometers east-northeast of Scharpenhufe, no longer exists today
- (Nathewisch) just under a kilometer east of Scharpenhufe
- one kilometer north of Scharpenhufe no longer exists today
The Protestant parish of Pollitz used to belong to the parish of Groß Wanzer. The parish is now part of the church community association Beuster-Aland in the parish area Beuster the church district Stendal in Propst Sprengel Stendal Magdeburg of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany .
The last mayor of the municipality of Pollitz was Wolfgang Bolte.
Culture and sights
- Pollitz village church
- former manor Pollitz
- The local cemetery is located in the southwest of the village.
The register of associations of the Stendal District Court records:
- Angelsportverein Pollitz und Umgebung eV
- Support and homeland association for the places Pollitz and Scharpenhufe eV
- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical Gazetteer for Altmark (Historical Gazetteer Brandenburg, Part XII) - Volume 2 - L-Z . In: Publications of the Brandenburg State Main Archives . BWV Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-3743-4 , p. 1687 ff .
- Wilhelm Zahn : Local history of the Altmark . Edited by Martin Ehlies based on the bequests of the author. 2nd Edition. Verlag Salzwedeler Wochenblatt, Graphische Anstalt, GmbH, Salzwedel 1928, DNB 578458357 , p. 176 .
- Main statute of the municipality of Aland . July 2, 2015 ( verwaltungsportal.de [PDF; 275 kB ; accessed on February 21, 2016]).
- Saxony-Anhalt viewer of the State Office for Surveying and Geoinformation ( notes )
- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical local lexicon for the Altmark (Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg, Part XII) . Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-2235-5 , pp. 1687-1691 .
- District directory of the state of Saxony-Anhalt (directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality), territorial status January 2014, State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, Halle (Saale), 2016
- Pollitz district . Website of the municipality of Aland
- Chronicle of Pollitz to 1310
- Adolph Friedrich Riedel : Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Collection of documents, chronicles and other source documents . Main part 2nd volume 1 . Berlin 1843, p. 433 ( digitized version ).
- Hermann Krabbo: Regesta of the Margraves of Brandenburg from Ascanic house . Ed .: Association for the history of the Mark Brandenburg. 1. Delivery. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1910, p. 111 , No. 536 ( uni-potsdam.de ).
- Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1928, p. 213 . ,
- Communityfor the province of Saxony. Based on the materials from the census of December 1, 1905 and other official sources, edited by the Royal Prussian State Statistical Office. In: Königliches Prussisches Statistisches Landesamt (Hrsg.): Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia. Issue 7, 1909, DNB 365941735 , , p. 103 (No. 178).
- Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1928, p. 214 . ,
- Federal Statistical Office (Ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , pp. 344, 347 .
- Landkreis Stendal (ed.): Official Journal . 19th year, no. 17 . Stendal August 12, 2009, p. 204 ff . ( landkreis-stendal.de [PDF; 6.8 MB ; accessed on December 2, 2015]).
- Communityfor the province of Saxony. Based on the materials from the census of December 1, 1905 and other official sources, edited by the Royal Prussian State Statistical Office. In: Königliches Prussisches Statistisches Landesamt (Hrsg.): Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia. Issue 7, 1909, DNB 365941735 , , p. 100 (No. 101).
- Communityfor the province of Saxony. Based on the materials from the census of December 1, 1905 and other official sources, edited by the Royal Prussian State Statistical Office. In: Königliches Prussisches Statistisches Landesamt (Hrsg.): Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia. Issue 7, 1909, DNB 365941735 , , p. 102 (No. 171).
- measuring table sheet 40: Wittenberge. Reichsamt für Landesaufnahme, 1873, accessed on June 16, 2019 .
- Andreas Puls: Places lose 122 inhabitants in 12 months . In: Volksstimme Magdeburg, local edition Osterburg . February 21, 2013 ( volksstimme.de [accessed June 10, 2019]).
- Parish Almanac or the Protestant clergy and churches of the Province of Saxony in the counties of Wernigerode, Rossla and Stolberg . 19th year, 1903, p. 107 ( wiki-de.genealogy.net [accessed June 16, 2019]). ,
- Beuster parish. Retrieved June 16, 2019 .