|Height :||20 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||36 km²|
|Residents :||384 (2014)|
|Population density :||11 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2010|
|Postal code :||39615|
|Area code :||039398|
Location in Saxony-Anhalt
The Altmark United Garz, one street village with church, located eleven kilometers northwest of the Hanseatic city Seehausen (Altmark) , the seat of the municipality Seehausen (Altmark) and 40 kilometers north-northwest of Stendal , the seat of the district of the same name.
The neighboring towns are Kahlenberge in the north, Pollitz and Scharpenhufe in the northeast, Groß Holzhausen in the east, Gerichsee , Jeggel and Lindenberg in the southeast, Zehren in the south, Leppin and Harpe in the southwest, and Gollensdorf and Deutsch in the northwest.
In addition to the village of Groß Garz, the southern residential area Haverland belongs to the district of Groß Garz. To the north lies the former Vorwerkand today's .
The first reliable mention of the place comes from 1475 as zu Garcz . Further mentions are 1496 to Gartzk , 1518 de hoff to Gartze with the Dorppern Groten Gartze , 1687 Gartze and 1804 Dorf and Gut Groß Gartz . In 1842 Groß Garz is a parish village and a manor suitable for the state assembly with the manor houses Pickenhagen and Dreistücken.
Origin of the place name
The name is of Slavic origin. Some think "Garz" means "fortified place". Others trace the name back to the stems of the word “grad” or “grod”, translated as “hurdle” or “the fenced in” - a castle.
Groß Garz moated castle
In the south-west corner of the village on the site of the former knight's estate, the moats of a rounded, rectangular castle with a diameter of 100 by 150 meters around the former estate of the Schmidt family were preserved. Blue-gray sherds from the 13th and 14th centuries were found there.
In the district of Groß Garz , two kilometers northwest of the village, on a low meadow, 700 meters south of the Zehrengraben, is a terrain that was still called "The Castle" in 1906. To the north of it was the "Dreistücken" plant, south of the terrain was the "Zur Burg" plant. According to tradition, a Gartizke castle was located here. In 1579, Christoph Entzelt reports that among the seven houses that are now devastated is also "the old Gartitzke behind Gartz".
The complex is an oval, heavily leveled 200 by 300 meter medieval moated castle with the remainder of a castle wall. Old Slavic sherds from the 9th to 10th centuries were found.
The Klein Garz desert is located about 1.6 kilometers southeast of Groß Garz and 800 meters north of Jeggel on the western bank of the Zehrengraben. The first mention comes from 1431 as to Lutken Gartzee . Further mentions are 1518 and the wusten dorppe lutken Ghartzer and 1598 Lutken Garz .
First mentioned in 1290
The historian Peter P. Rohrlach points out that the older documents from 1290 to 1364, which Wilhelm Zahn Groß Garz assigned, are upside down there. They all relate to Klein Gartz near Salzwedel, which used to be called Groß Gartz .
On September 30, 1928, the inhabited part of the Groß Garz estate from the Osterburg district was combined with the Groß Garz rural community. The uninhabited parts were combined with the rural community of Pollitz or with the rural community of Haverland. The estate was in the southwest of the village. On April 1, 1939, the communities of Groß Garz and Haverland merged to form a community with the name of Groß Garz. The following municipalities were incorporated into the municipality of Groß Garz:
- Jeggel on June 1, 1950
- German on January 1, 1973
- Lindenberg on February 1, 1974
In 1986 the community of Groß Garz had six districts - the extensions Dorfstr. were also designated as a district.
The community was on 25 July 1952 from the district Osterburg in the district Seehausen been reclassified. After its dissolution on July 2, 1965, it came to the Osterburg district and finally to the current Stendal district on July 1, 1994 .
Until December 31, 2009, Groß Garz was an independent municipality with the associated districts of German, Haverland, Jeggel and Lindenberg and belonged to the now dissolved administrative community Seehausen (Altmark) .
The councils of the communities of Gollensdorf (on January 27, 2009) and Groß Garz (on January 19, 2009) decided through a territorial change agreement that their communities should be dissolved and merged into a new community called Zehrental . This contract was approved by the county as the lower local supervisory authority and came into effect on January 1, 2010.
Deutsch, Jeggel, Groß Garz and Lindenberg became districts of Zehrental. Haverland is no longer listed in the 2013 list of municipalities and parts of municipalities .
Rural parish and parish
Good and Manor District
The Protestant parish of Groß Garz used to belong to the parish of Groß Garz near Krüden in the Altmark. The congregation belongs since 2002 to the parish Groß Garz and surroundings and is managed by the parish area Beuster the church district Stendal in Propst Sprengel Stendal Magdeburg of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany .
The oldest surviving church books for Groß Garz date from 1805. The older church books were burned in 1894. The rectory burned down in 1718, 1833 and 1894.
The last mayor of the community Groß Garz was Karl-Jürgen Bach.
Culture and sights
- The Protestant village church Groß Garz is a stone building from the Middle Ages , built towards the beginning of the 13th century. It is said to have been a mission church in the past, i.e. one of the oldest Christian places of worship in the Altmark.
- Jodocus Temme reports in the legend Die Zwei Frauen zu Aulosen about a gentleman von Jagow zu Aulosen who took part in a Turkish war. In the church of Groß Garz there were two corpse stones on which two female figures were carved, which are the two wives of this knight .
- The village is known for its chess players.
The register of associations of the Stendal District Court records:
- Allotment garden association Groß Garz e. V.
- Sports club Groß Garz e. V.
Economy and Infrastructure
There is a day-care center and a primary school in Groß Garz.
Three companies are listed in the commercial register:
- Suckler cow husbandry GmbH Groß Garz
- Wische-Bau GmbH Groß Garz
- Agricultural company Groß Garz mbH
The connecting road leads through the village from the federal highway 190 near Seehausen (Altmark) to Schnackenburg in Lower Saxony . Groß Garz station is on the Salzwedel – Geestgottberg railway line .
- Max Bielefeldt (1854–1927) broke the dynamite monopoly with the Westfälisch-Anhaltische Sprengstoff-Actien-Gesellschaft (WASAG)
- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical Gazetteer for Altmark (Historical Gazetteer Brandenburg, Part XII) - Volume 1 - A-K . In: Publications of the Brandenburg State Main Archives . BWV Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-3743-4 , p. 741-745 .
- Wilhelm Zahn : Local history of the Altmark . Edited by Martin Ehlies based on the bequests of the author. 2nd Edition. Verlag Salzwedeler Wochenblatt, Graphische Anstalt, GmbH, Salzwedel 1928, DNB 578458357 , p. 176 .
- JAF Hermes, MJ Weigelt: Historical-geographical-statistical-topographical handbook from the administrative districts of Magdeburg . Topographical part. Ed .: Verlag Heinrichshofen. tape 2 , 1842, p. 369-370 , 42. Groß-Garz ( versionhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3DHB4_AAAAcAAJ%26pg%3DPA369~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3D~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
- Landkreis Stendal - The District Administrator: District Development Concept Landkreis Stendal 2025. (PDF) October 30, 2015, p. 296 , accessed on August 3, 2019 .
- main statute of the community Zehrental . October 23, 2014 ( verwaltungsportal.de [PDF; 271 kB ; accessed on February 7, 2016]).
- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical local lexicon for the Altmark (Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg, Part XII) . Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-2235-5 , pp. 741-745 .
- Saxony-Anhalt viewer of the State Office for Surveying and Geoinformation ( notes )
- Map of the German Empire, sheet 240: Wittenberge. Reichsamt für Landesaufnahme, 1906, accessed on September 29, 2019 .
- George Adalbert von Mülverstedt : Codex diplomaticus Alvenslebianus: collection of documents on the history of the family of Alvensleben and its possessions . tape 2 . Baensch, Magdeburg 1882, p. 540 .
- Adolph Friedrich Riedel : Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Collection of documents, chronicles and other source documents . Main part 1st volume 25 . Berlin 1863, p. 458 ( digitized version ).
- Friedrich Wilhelm August Bratring : Statistical-topographical description of the entire Mark Brandenburg . For statisticians, businessmen, especially for camera operators. tape 1 . Berlin 1804, p. 314 ( http: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A10000735~SZ%3D00336~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
- JAF Hermes, MJ Weigelt: Historical-geographical-statistical-topographical manual from the administrative districts of Magdeburg . Topographical part. Ed .: Verlag Heinrichshofen. tape 2 , 1842, p. 369-370 , 42. Groß-Garz ( versionhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3DHB4_AAAAcAAJ%26pg%3DPA369~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3D~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
- Helmut Kurt Block and Kulturförderverein Östliche Altmark (ed.): Community of Groß Garz (= The knowledge of the region . Volume 3 ). 1st edition. Edition Kulturförderverein Östliche Altmark, Kremkau 2008, DNB 994253249 , p. 162 .
- Groß Garz district on seehausen-altmark.de. Retrieved September 29, 2019 .
- Berent Schwineköper : Handbook of historical places . Province of Saxony Anhalt . Handbook of Historic Places . Ed .: Berent Schwineköper (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 314 ). 2nd, revised and expanded edition. tape 11 . Alfred Kröner Verlag, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-520-31402-9 , pp. 155 , Gross Garz .
- Hermann Bohm (Ed.): Christoph Entzelts Altmärkische Chronik . Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1911, p. 38 , Chapter 2 ( uni-potsdam.de ).
- Wilhelm Zahn : The desolation of the Altmark . In: Historical sources of the Province of Saxony and neighboring areas . tape 43 . Hendel, Halle as 1909, p. 323–324 , no. 182 Burg (Gartizke) near Gross-Garz .
- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical local dictionary for the Altmark (Historical local dictionary for Brandenburg, part XII) . Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-2235-5 , pp. 735 .
- Quoted from Rohrlach: Paul Grimm : Handbook of the prehistoric and early historical ramparts and weir systems . The prehistoric and early historical castle walls of the districts of Halle and Magdeburg (= publications of the section for prehistory and early history . Volume 6 ). 1958, , p. 390 , no.1076 .
- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical Ortlexikon für die Altmark (Historical Ortlexikon für Brandenburg, Part XII) . Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-2235-5 , pp. 745 .
- Adolph Friedrich Riedel : Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Collection of documents, chronicles and other source documents . Main part 1st volume 25 . Berlin 1863, p. 308 ( digitized version ).
- Wilhelm Zahn : Heimatkunde der Altmark . Edited by Martin Ehlies based on the bequests of the author. 2nd Edition. Verlag Salzwedeler Wochenblatt, Graphische Anstalt, GmbH, Salzwedel 1928, DNB 578458357 , p. 176 .
- Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1928, p. 213 . ,
- Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1939, p. 17 . ,
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , pp. 342, 345 .
- Karla Balkow, Werner Christ: Local Lexicon of the German Democratic Republic . Staatsverlag der DDR, 1986, ISBN 3-7685-2185-0 , p. 24, 64, 125, 142, 184 .
- Landkreis Stendal: Public announcement of area change agreement . In: Landkreis Stendal (Hrsg.): Official Journal for the Landkreis Stendal . 19th year, no. 17 , August 12, 2009, , p. 213–216 ( landkreis-stendal.de [PDF; 7.0 MB ; accessed on April 19, 2020]).
- Directory of municipalities and parts of municipalities . Area as of 1 April 2013 (= Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt [Ed.]: Directories / 003 . No. 2013 ). Halle (Saale) May 2013, p. 120 ( destatis.de [PDF; 1.6 MB ; accessed on August 24, 2019]).
- Haverland is now a residential area of Groß Garz. He was not included in the directory.
- Parish Almanac or the Protestant clergy and churches of the Province of Saxony in the counties of Wernigerode, Rossla and Stolberg . 19th year, 1903, p. 107 ( wiki-de.genealogy.net [accessed September 29, 2019]). ,
- Beuster parish. Retrieved September 21, 2019 .
- Ernst Machholz: The church books of the Protestant churches in the province of Saxony (= communications from the Central Office for German Personal and Family History . 30th issue). Leipzig 1925, p. 16 ( wiki-de.genealogy.net [accessed September 29, 2019]).
- Georg Dehio: Handbook of German Art Monuments . Saxony-Anhalt 1. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-422-03069-7 .
- Thomas Hartwig: All Altmark churches from A to Z . Elbe-Havel-Verlag, Havelberg 2012, ISBN 978-3-9814039-5-4 , p. 159 .
- Jodocus Donatus Hubertus Temme: The two women at Aulosen . In: The folk tales of the Altmark . Nicolaische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1839 ( Wikisource )
- Dieter Wöhe: The "chess village" Groß Garz and his chess father "Wilhelm Dahmes" . Ed .: Helmut Kurt Block and Kulturförderverein Östliche Altmark (= knowledge of the region . Volume 3 ). 1st edition. Edition Kulturförderverein Östliche Altmark, Kremkau 2008, DNB 994253249 , p. 162 .
- Register of associations of the Stendal District Court on handelsregister.de. Retrieved September 29, 2019 .
- HRB of the Stendal District Court on handelsregister.de. Retrieved September 29, 2019 .