Alay Mountains

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Alai Mountains - Alaikette - Alai
View from the Dschiptik valley to the north on the Alai mountains

View from the Dschiptik valley to the north on the Alai mountains

Highest peak Peak Tandykul ( 5544  m )
location Kyrgyzstan , Tajikistan , Uzbekistan , Xinjiang ( PR China )
Alai Mountains - Alaikette - Alai (Kyrgyzstan)
Alai Mountains - Alaikette - Alai
Coordinates 39 ° 27 '  N , 71 ° 5'  E Coordinates: 39 ° 27 '  N , 71 ° 5'  E
surface 7,000 km²
Central Asia with part of the Silk Road, in the center the Alai Mountains

Central Asia with part of the Silk Road , in the center the Alai Mountains


The Alay Mountains or Alaikette or Alai (not to be confused with the east gelegenem Altai ) is a Central Asian mountains .

The mountain range with a height of up to 5544  m and a length of 400 kilometers extends from west to east and partially forms the border region between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan . Western foothills are also on the territory of Uzbekistan . The easternmost part of the mountain is already part of the territory of China , where the Tarim basin joins the Takla Makan desert near Kashgar . The highest point of the eastern Little Alai ( Kitschi-Alai ) is the ( 5069  m ) high Pik Skobelew .

The Alai is separated from the Tianshan mountain range to the north by the Fergana Valley and the upper reaches of the Syr Darja and its source river Qoradaryo . To the south, the rivers of Kysylsuu and Kashgar and the wide Alaital through which the Kysylsu flows form the natural border with the Pamir massif . The mountain range that is part of the Pamir and is located south of the Alai with the Lenin peak is the Transalai Mountains .

The section of the Pamir Highway, completed in 1932, from the Kyrgyz Osh in the Fergana Valley to Chorugh in Berg-Badachschan in the far east of Tajikistan crosses the mountains over the 3615  m high Taldyk Pass and reaches the Alaital Valley at Sarytasch .

Mineral finds

The Alai Mountains, more precisely the area around the Dara-i-Pioz ( Darai-Pioz ) glacier , is a well-known site for many minerals and their varieties . A total of 128 minerals and 9 varieties have been detected there so far (as of 2011). For 29 minerals Dara-i-Pioz is also regarded as a type locality , including the named after the glacial Darapiosit , named after the adjacent state Tadschikistan Tadzhikit- (Ce) , named after the adjacent mountain Tienshanit and after the region Turkestan named Turkestanit .


  • August Petermann, Ernst Behm, Paul Max Harry Langhans, Nikolaus Creutzburg, Hermann Haack: Petermanns geographical communications . 2004.
  • Klaus Pander: Central Asia: Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan . Mair Dumont Dumont, 1996, ISBN 3-7701-3680-2 .

Individual evidence

  1. Article Alai Mountains in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D9650~2a%3DAlaigebirge~2b%3DAlaigebirge
  2. Mindat - description of the location and mineral list of Darai-Pioz (Dara-i-Pioz; Dara-Pioz) Glacier, Alai (Alayskiy) Range, Tien Shan Mts, Region of Republican Subordination, Tajikistan
  3. ^ Tienshanit on
  4. Turkestanite on