|Alai Mountains - Alaikette - Alai|
View from the Dschiptik valley to the north on the Alai mountains
|Highest peak||Peak Tandykul ( )|
|location||Kyrgyzstan , Tajikistan , Uzbekistan , Xinjiang ( PR China )|
Central Asia with part of the Silk Road , in the center the Alai Mountains
The mountain range with a height of up to Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan . Western foothills are also on the territory of Uzbekistan . The easternmost part of the mountain is already part of the territory of China , where the Tarim basin joins the Takla Makan desert near Kashgar . The highest point of the eastern Little Alai ( Kitschi-Alai ) is the ( ) high Pik Skobelew .and a length of 400 kilometers extends from west to east and partially forms the border region between
The Alai is separated from the Tianshan mountain range to the north by the Fergana Valley and the upper reaches of the Syr Darja and its source river Qoradaryo . To the south, the rivers of Kysylsuu and Kashgar and the wide Alaital through which the Kysylsu flows form the natural border with the Pamir massif . The mountain range that is part of the Pamir and is located south of the Alai with the Lenin peak is the Transalai Mountains .
The section of the Pamir Highway, completed in 1932, from the Kyrgyz Osh in the Fergana Valley to Chorugh in Berg-Badachschan in the far east of Tajikistan crosses the mountains over the high Taldyk Pass and reaches the Alaital Valley at Sarytasch .
The Alai Mountains, more precisely the area around the Dara-i-Pioz ( Darai-Pioz ) glacier , is a well-known site for many minerals and their varieties . A total of 128 minerals and 9 varieties have been detected there so far (as of 2011). For 29 minerals Dara-i-Pioz is also regarded as a type locality , including the named after the glacial Darapiosit , named after the adjacent state Tadschikistan Tadzhikit- (Ce) , named after the adjacent mountain Tienshanit and after the region Turkestan named Turkestanit .
- August Petermann, Ernst Behm, Paul Max Harry Langhans, Nikolaus Creutzburg, Hermann Haack: Petermanns geographical communications . 2004.
- Klaus Pander: Central Asia: Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan . Mair Dumont Dumont, 1996, ISBN 3-7701-3680-2 .
- Article Alai Mountains in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D9650~2a%3DAlaigebirge~2b%3DAlaigebirge
- Mindat - description of the location and mineral list of Darai-Pioz (Dara-i-Pioz; Dara-Pioz) Glacier, Alai (Alayskiy) Range, Tien Shan Mts, Region of Republican Subordination, Tajikistan
- Tienshanit on mindat.org
- Turkestanite on mindat.org