Aleida March de la Torre [aˈlɛjda ˈmaɾt͡ʃ] (born October 19, 1936 in Manicaragua , Las Villas province , Cuba ) is a Cuban revolutionary and was the second wife of the Argentine- Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara (1928–1967). She heads the “Center for Che Guevara Studies” in Havana .
March was the youngest child of an impoverished large landowning family. She grew up on a 20 hectare finca in the rural area of Santa Clara . She later studied education at the University of Santa Clara.
In 1956 she joined Fidel Castro's July 26th Movement (M-26-7), which fought against the authoritarian regime under Fulgencio Batista . In 1958 she was chosen by Enrique Oltuski , the leader of the movement in the province of Las Villas , as one of three direct collaborators. As such, she took on courier activities between the provincial capital Santa Clara and the guerrilla force operating in the central Cuban Escambray Mountains . On one such mission, she met Ernesto Guevara in November 1958, to whom she brought a large amount of money on Oltuski's behalf. Since July 21, 1957, Guevara had been in charge of the south and center of Las Villas. In December the two became lovers; March joined the guerrilla fighters at Guevara's side and has served as his personal assistant ever since. In the morning hours of January 1, 1959, dictator Batista fled the country. Guevara moved into the La Cabaña fortress in Havana as commander and chief prosecutor against followers of the Batista regime , and with him Aleida March.
In La Cabaña, March and Guevara were married in a simple civil ceremony on June 2, 1959, after Guevara divorced his first wife, the Peruvian economist Hilda Gadea (1925–1974). As guests were u. a. the Comandantes Fidel Castro, Camilo Cienfuegos and Celia Sanchez present. While Che Guevara held various high government offices (head of the Central Bank of Cuba, November 1959–1961; Minister of Industry 1962–1965) the couple March Guevara had four children:
- Aleida (born November 17, 1960; Cuban pediatrician and politician ),
- Camilo (born May 20, 1962; Cuban politician),
- Celia (born June 14, 1963; Cuban-Argentine marine biologist ) and
- Ernesto (born February 24, 1965; Cuban lawyer ).
Guevara's first wife lived with their daughter "Hildita" (Hilda) from 1959 in Havana. Guevara March is said to have largely avoided contact with his ex-wife. However, he regularly took Hildita with him to his new family.
After Guevara went to the Congo in April 1965 to promote the revolution there and then moved on to Bolivia in 1966 , where he was murdered by the army on October 9, 1967, March raised the children alone.
Since it was founded in 1983, March has been President of the Centro de Estudios Che Guevara (“Center for Che Guevara Studies”) in Havana. She holds the rights to Guevara's works.
- 2008: Evocación. Mi vida al lado del Che
- engl. 2012: Remembering Che. My Life with Che Guevara
- 2013: Che y Fidel: Imágenes en la memoria. (Illustrated book with an introduction by Aleida March), Ocean Sur, Havana
- engl. 2015: Che & Fidel. Images from History.
- Jon Lee Anderson: Che Guevara. Una vida revolucionaria. Barcelona 1997
- Centro de Estudios Che Guevara, Havana
- Roberto Orihuela: La muchacha de la guerrilla. (No longer available online.) In: Vanguardia. Formerly in the original ; accessed on October 15, 2018 (Spanish). ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Enrique Oltuski: Vida Clandestina: My Life in the Cuban Revolution. Wiley, New York 2002, p. 126 (English).
- Oltuski: Vida Clandestina. P. 199.
- Aleida March: Married to Che. In: The Sydney Morning Herald . April 29, 2012, accessed October 15, 2018 (excerpt from Remembering Che ).
- Che Guevara's widow publishes memoirs. In: DiePresse.com . March 21, 2008, accessed October 15, 2018 .
- Carlos Rodríguez Martorell: 40 years after Che Guevara's death, stories still left to tell. In: Daily News . October 10, 2007, archived from the original on July 30, 2012 ; accessed on October 15, 2018 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||March de la Torre, Aleida; March Torres, Aleida|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Cuban revolutionary|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 19, 1936|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Manicaragua , Las Villas Province|