General Literature Newspaper

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Title page of the first edition

The General Literature newspaper was in 1785 Jena was founded in 1849 and Hall set literary magazine to the entire current production of literature of that time, which was launched with the aim of review and critical to accompany. It became the highest-circulation and most influential German-language newspaper of its kind in its time.


Founded by the publisher and patron Friedrich Justin Bertuch together with the Jena literature professor Christian Gottfried Schütz and the Weimar poet and writer Christoph Martin Wieland , the newspaper was already able to book a good 2,000 subscribers two years later. The best-known employees included a. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Friedrich Schiller , Immanuel Kant , Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Alexander von Humboldt . The works discussed in the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung between 1785 and 1800 were indexed in the General Repertory of Literature (Weimar 1793–1807).

In 1804 Schütz accepted a professorship in literary history and eloquence in Halle, moved the place of publication of the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung to Halle as early as 1803 and continued to publish the newspaper there together with the professor and librarian Johann Samuelersch .

As early as January 31, 1804, the Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung appeared, also on the initiative of Goethe, which had begun in August 1803 . Goethe was forced to take this step because he feared the university in Jena would collapse . He won the Jena classical philologist Heinrich Karl Abraham Eichstädt as the responsible editor . Both literary newspapers, the Jenaische and the Hallesche, initially faced each other as competitors. But the Jenaische Literaturzeitung opened up more and more to the new political and philosophical directions and also regularly contained articles from the fields of medicine, anthropology and natural science, whereas the Hallesche Zeitung with Schütz remained true to the Kantian philosophy and lost more and more importance over the years .

The Jenaische Literaturzeitung very quickly surpassed the Hallesche in type and size. In a preface to the 1812 year it was mentioned that over 600 employees were already working for the newspaper. Articles about the "fine arts" often have the abbreviation "WKF", an abbreviation for "Weimar art lovers". Heinrich Meyer was often the author, but Goethe and Schiller also used this signet. From 1804 to 1837 the newspaper appeared three times a week. The frequency of publication was then gradually reduced until it finally only appeared monthly and in 1841 it ceased to appear.

After the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung in Halle had ceased its publication in 1849, the Literarisches Centralblatt für Deutschland was founded by Friedrich Zarncke in Leipzig in 1850 and appeared until 1944.

See also


Individual evidence

  1. Walbaum book. (PDF 241 kB) Museum der Arbeit, Hamburg, accessed on January 13, 2016 .
  2. Austrian National Library:
  3. Werner E. Gerabek: The 'Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung' as a source for medicine, medical anthropology and natural philosophy of the Classical and Romantic periods (1795-1830). A research report . In: Würzburg medical history reports . tape 17 , 1998, pp. 48 .
  4. ^ Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung. Harald Fischer Verlag, archived from the original on November 28, 2010 ; accessed on March 30, 2018 .
  5. ^ Hermann Brandt: Goethe and the graphic arts. Kunstmuseum Hamburg, September 24, 2015, accessed on March 30, 2018 .