Andreas Rudiger

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Andreas Johannes Rüdiger

Andreas Johannes Rüdiger (born November 1, 1673 in Rochlitz ; † June 6, 1731 in Leipzig ) was a German philosopher and student of Christian Thomasius .


Rüdiger was the son of a school board member and attended the Princely Reussian Gymnasium in Gera . In 1692 he went to Halle , where he took a private tutoring position with Professor Christian Thomasius and was introduced to his philosophy. In 1700 he acquired his master's degree in philosophy with the treatise De usu et abusu terminorum technicorum in philosophia , which was followed in 1701 with the habilitation thesis De virtutibus intellectualibus .


Rüdiger was an opponent of Leibniz and Wolff 's view of the rational explicability of the world. He criticized not only their use of the mathematical method, but also the pre-established harmony . He was one of the representatives of the influxus physicus . He said that because all conceptions and ideas are of sensual origin, experience is the basis of all science. In natural philosophy he sought a mediation between the mechanical explanation of Descartes and the mystical conception of Robert Fludd , but leaned more towards the latter direction, while in the field of practical philosophy he mainly followed his teacher Thomasius.

Works (selection)

  • Andreas Rüdiger: Philosophia synthetica . Olms, Hildesheim 2010, reprint of the Zschau, Halle 1707 edition / with a preface. by Ulrich Leinsle, ISBN 978-3-487-14325-5 .
  • Andreas Rüdiger: Philosophia pragmatica . Olms, Hildesheim; Reprint of the edition Coerner, Leipzig 1723 / with a preface. by Ulrich Leinsle, ISBN 978-3-487-14242-5 .


  • Wilhelm Carls: Andreas Rüdiger's moral philosophy. Olms, Hildesheim 1999, ISBN 3-487-10946-8 ; Reprint of the edition Niemeyer, Halle 1894.
  • Heinrich Schepers : Andreas Rüdiger's methodology and its requirements. A contribution to the history of German school philosophy in the 18th century . In: Manfred v. Baum, Bernd Dörflinger, Heiner F. Klemme (eds.): Kantstudien supplementary books , Volume 78, Cologne 1959, ISSN  0340-6059 .
  • Riccarda Suitner: “Jus naturae” and “natura humana” in August Friedrich Müller's handwritten commentary on Andreas Rüdiger's “Institutiones eruditionis” . In: Yearbook Enlightenment , XXV (2014), pp. 113–132.
  • Riccarda Suitner: Uno scontro nel regno dei morti. Descartes e Rudiger . In: Immagini filosofiche e interpretazioni storiografiche del cartesianismo . Firenze 2011 (Quaderni del Giornale Critico della Filosofia Italiana, vol. 23, a cura di Borghero, Carlo / Del Prete, Antonella), pp. 141-164.
  • Carl von Prantl:  Rüdiger, Joh. Andreas . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 29, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1889, p. 467 f.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Klaus-Dieter Eichler , Ulrich Johannes Schneider (ed.): On the everyday history of philosophy in Leipzig. Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig 2004, ISBN 3-86583-029-3 , p. 109.
  2. ^ A b Carl von Prantl:  Rüdiger, Joh. Andreas . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 29, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1889, p. 467 f.