(October 16, 2014)
Aperture (English " aperture ", " aperture ") was a software from Apple for macOS . It was specially developed for photographers and should offer quick and easy handling of image files. With the operating system version OS X Yosemite 10.10.3, Aperture was discontinued together with iPhoto in favor of its successor Apple Photos .
Aperture was unveiled on October 19, 2005 at PhotoPlus Expo in New York . The optimization of a photographer's workflow in post-processing (digital workflow) was emphasized. Apple presents Aperture as a post-production tool that specializes in the management and efficient correction of digital negatives. All corrections made to the data are based on the original data ( RAW or standard image format ) from the camera.
The aim is to simplify the handling of RAW files. In addition to common RAW formats (.ARW, .CR2, .CRW, .MOS, .NEF, .RAF, .RAW, .SRW, .TIF, .OLY, .FFF, .3FR and .DNG), the current version also supports common standard image formats (JPEG, GIF, TIFF, PNG, PDF and PSD).
In addition, the core image integrated in Mac OS X is used for all effects . Starting with the Power-Mac-G5 generation of computers, this enables very fast image calculations , as they are taken over by the graphics card and not, as usual, by the CPU .
The software works non-destructively, i. This means that the original file is not changed and only the processing steps are recorded separately from the original file. Changes can therefore be quickly undone and the risk of overwriting the original file by accidentally saving it is reduced. In addition to managing the images in its own database, version 1.5 also allows referenced management in the file system and on other media.
On February 12, 2008, the second version of Aperture was presented. The innovations included a clearer user interface, higher speed and further options for image processing.
On February 9, 2010, the third version of Aperture was presented. New features included automatic face recognition, the localization and marking of photos on maps ( geotagging ) as well as lossless editing of photos with brushes and extensive new filter and image processing functions. The new version also supports 64-bit operating systems, which enables more efficient work, especially on multi-core processors with larger memory .
With the change in software sales from cardboard goods to download via the Mac App Store on January 6, 2011, Apple reduced the price of Aperture from 199 euros to 63 euros. Customers who had already bought the cardboard license automatically received a Mac App Store license free of charge in 2013, which allowed simultaneous installation on up to five Macs.
Version 3.5 of Aperture has been available since October 22, 2013. New are iCloud photo sharing, integration of SmugMug and support for the iOS 7 camera filters.
On June 28, 2014, Apple indirectly informed the public about the discontinuation of the further development of the two Apple photo management solutions Aperture and iPhoto in favor of a common successor product Apple Photos , which is to appear together with OS X Yosemite . Shortly afterwards, Aperture competitors such as Adobe Photoshop Lightroom and Capture One upgraded their migration software so that new customers can import an Aperture library with photos and metadata as conveniently as possible.
The last update of Aperture was version 3.6 on October 16, 2014 and came out at the same time as the release of OS X 10.10 Yosemite to ensure compatibility with the new operating system version.
The development of the successor Apple Photos was delayed, so that it only came out with the Mac OS 10.10.3 update on April 8, 2015. A few days later, Aperture ceased sales. The successor Apple Photos is installed with the update of the operating system so that users can migrate large libraries at a later date. During the migration, the photos are not copied into the new library and thus kept twice, but are integrated into the successor product via links. Even after the import to Apple Photos, Aperture can be started in order, for example, to check the correct migration through comparisons.
Photo books created in Aperture could be ordered to be dispatched as print products through the built-in online shop until March 31, 2016. In the meantime, Aperture photo books can only be exported and printed as PDF files or photo files.
The Aperture software can still be officially run under macOS Mojave (10.14). On April 30, 2019, Apple announced via a support document that Aperture would no longer work for the next macOS version 10.15 and called on users to migrate.
In October 2019, a freelance developer found out that Aperture can also run under macOS 10.15 with a few adjustments to settings and the exchange of old libraries under a pure 64-bit operating system. These steps can be carried out manually or via the app.
As of version 2.1, Aperture also supports plug-ins from third-party manufacturers and comes with a plug-in: As of Aperture 2.1, you can use the plug-in to "re-expose and dodge" photos using the plug-in, like in a darkroom and the like. a. lighten or darken certain areas of the image. Other plug-ins include a. the company Nik with the graphic filters Silver Efex Pro, Dfine, Viveza, Color Efex Pro, Sharpener Pro and HDR Efex Pro.
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