Arnold C. Klebs

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From left to right: Stephen d'Irsay , Arnold C. Klebs , Henry E. Sigerist , Karl Sudhoff , Friedrich Wilhelm Tobias Hunger , Owsei Temkin . Leipzig 1929
Arnold C. Klebs in his library in Nyon
«Les Terrasses» Nyon
Bookplate signed Arnold C. Klebs . Legacy at Yale University

Arnold Carl Klebs (* 17th March 1870 in Bern , † 6. March 1943 in Nyon ; heimatberechtigt in Upper Castle ) was an on tuberculosis specialist Swiss - American physician and medical historian .


Klebs was the son of the bacteriologist Edwin Klebs . He studied in Zurich , Berlin , Kiel , Würzburg , Bern and Basel . He received his doctorate in Basel in 1895. He completed further training courses in Zurich, London, Paris and Baltimore . In 1896 he followed his father to the USA. In Chicago he had a medical practice from 1898 to 1909. There he was also director of the Chicago Tuberculosis Institute. In 1904 he received US citizenship.

In 1909 he returned to Switzerland and settled in Nyon. The wealth he had acquired in the USA enabled him to devote himself primarily to the history of medicine and to compile an extensive medical-historical and scientific library with valuable incunabula . His villa "Les Terrasses" on Lake Geneva became a meeting place for doctors and students.

Klebs was a co-founder of the Swiss Society for the History of Medicine and Natural Sciences (SGGMN) and an honorary member of the American Association for the History of Medicine . Klebs was married twice, first to Margaret Forbes and second to Harriet K. Newell. He left his library to Yale University . It formed the basis of the " Harvey Cushing / John Hay Whitney Medical Library". The Medical Historical Library dedicated an exhibition to Klebs in 2008 on life and work.


  • About edematous changes in the anterior corneal epithelium . G. Fischer, Jena 1895 (dissertation).
  • Insurance of industrial working men as an instrument of tuberculosis prevention. Chicago 1906 (digitized)
  • (As editor) Tuberculosis, a treatise by American authors on its etiology, pathology, frequency, semeiology, diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, and treatment . D. Appleton & Co., New York 1909 (digitized version)
  • The historic evolution of variolation. In: Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital , 1913.
  • Bibliography of variolation . Lausanne 1913 (digitized version)
  • The variolation in the eighteenth century. A historical contribution to immunity research. 7th issue of the series: T. v. Györy, Karl Sudhoff and Georg Sticker (eds.) On the historical biology of pathogens. A. Töpelmann, Giessen 1914 (digitized version)
  • Balneology in the Middle Ages. In: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association. Volume 32, 1916, pp. 15-37, PMC 2307644 (free full text).
  • Leonardo da Vinci and his anatomical studies. 1916.
  • The History of Infection In: Annals of medical history , 1, 1917, pp. 159-173 ( ).
  • The Practica of Gianmatteo Ferrari da Gradi. Edition princeps . In: Ch. Singer, HE Sigerist (Ed.): Essays on the history of medicine presented to Karl Sudhoff . Zurich 1924, pp. 211-236
  • Herbal facts and thoughts. An introduction to the catalog of Early Herbals from the library of Dr. Karl Becher . Carlsbad. In: Art Ancien, Lugano 1925
  • Together with E. Droz. Remèdes versus la peste. Facsimilés, notes et liste bibliographique des incunables su la peste . Paris 1925
  • with Karl Sudhoff : The first printed plague writings. Historical and bibliographical research. Munich 1926 ( digitized ).
  • Incunabula scientifica et medica. The Saint Catherine Press, 1938. Also in: Osiris. Volume 4, 1938, pp. 1-359; Reprint Hildesheim 1963 ( digitized version ).


  • HRV Arnold C. Klebs. In: New England Journal of Medicine . 229: 259-262 (August 5), 1943 (digitized)
  • Leona Baumgartner: Arnold Carl Klebs 1870-1943. In: Bulletin of the History of Medicine , Volume 14, 1943, pp. 201-216
  • E. Olivier: Souvenirs sur A.-C. Klebs . In: Gesnerus , Volume 1, 1943, pp. 11-20 (digitized version ) .
  • G. Piotet. Le Dr. Arnold-C. Klebs . In: Gesnerus. Volume 1, 1943, pp. 21-25 (digitized version) .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. 50 years of the Swiss Society for Medicine and Natural Sciences . (PDF; 403 kB) p. 75