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Location of Barkol (pink) in Xinjiang

The Kazakh Autonomous Okrug Barkol of the Kazakhs ( Chinese  巴里坤 哈萨克 自治县 , Pinyin Bālǐkūn Hāsàkè Zìzhìxiàn ; Uighur باركۆل قازاق ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى Barkɵl Ⱪazaⱪ aptonomist Naⱨiyisi ; Kazakh باركول قازاق اۆتونوميالى اۋدانى) was founded on October 1, 1954. It belongs to the administrative district of Kumul in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China . It is located in the northwest of the administrative district and has an area of ​​38,445.3 km². In the north it borders with the state of Mongolia , in the east with Araturük County , in the south with the city of Kumul and in the west with the Kazakh Autonomous County Mori of the Autonomous District Changji der Hui. The political, economic and cultural center of Barkol is the large municipality of Barkol; it is located in the southeast of the autonomous region. Barkol is known for breeding camels and horses. The Barkol horse is famous all over China. Due to the unprecedented number of trample in China , the circle is also known as the "Circle of Ten Thousand Camels".

Administrative structure

The Kazakh Autonomous District of Barkol consists of five large municipalities and seven municipalities:

  • Greater community Barkol (巴里坤镇);
  • Greater community Burqunji (博尔羌吉镇);
  • Dahe Municipality (大 河镇);
  • Greater community Küysu (奎苏镇);
  • Greater community Santanghu (三塘湖镇);

Ethnic breakdown of the population of Barkol (2000)

The 2000 census counted 85,964 inhabitants in Barkol (population density 2.24 inhabitants / km²).

Name of the people Residents proportion of
Han 55.169 64.18%
Kazakhs 29,236 34.01%
Mongols 1,173 1.36%
Hui 164 0.19%
Uighurs 134 0.16%
Manchu 26th 0.03%
Tatars 22nd 0.03%
Russians 11 0.01%
Yi 9 0.01%
Others 20th 0.02%

At the end of 2003 the population had already risen to around 100,100, while the proportion of Kazakhs fell to 28.46%, that of the Han Chinese rose to 69.74%.

See also

Coordinates: 43 ° 35 '  N , 92 ° 51'  E