The Kazakh Autonomous Okrug Barkol of the Kazakhs ( Chinese 巴里坤 哈萨克 自治县 , Pinyin Bālǐkūn Hāsàkè Zìzhìxiàn ; Uighur باركۆل قازاق ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى Barkɵl Ⱪazaⱪ aptonomist Naⱨiyisi ; Kazakh باركول قازاق اۆتونوميالى اۋدانى) was founded on October 1, 1954. It belongs to the administrative district of Kumul in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China . It is located in the northwest of the administrative district and has an area of 38,445.3 km². In the north it borders with the state of Mongolia , in the east with Araturük County , in the south with the city of Kumul and in the west with the Kazakh Autonomous County Mori of the Autonomous District Changji der Hui. The political, economic and cultural center of Barkol is the large municipality of Barkol; it is located in the southeast of the autonomous region. Barkol is known for breeding camels and horses. The Barkol horse is famous all over China. Due to the unprecedented number of trample in China , the circle is also known as the "Circle of Ten Thousand Camels".
The Kazakh Autonomous District of Barkol consists of five large municipalities and seven municipalities:
- Greater community Barkol (巴里坤镇);
- Greater community Burqunji (博尔羌吉镇);
- Dahe Municipality (大 河镇);
- Greater community Küysu (奎苏镇);
- Greater community Santanghu (三塘湖镇);
- Community Sar Qoke (萨尔乔克乡);
- Community Haiziyan (海子沿乡);
- Community Xialaoba (下涝坝乡);
- Community Dahongliuxia (大红柳峡乡);
- Community Baqiangzi (八墙子乡);
- Shirenzi municipality (石人子 乡);
- Huayuan Township (花园 乡).
Ethnic breakdown of the population of Barkol (2000)
The 2000 census counted 85,964 inhabitants in Barkol (population density 2.24 inhabitants / km²).
|Name of the people||Residents||proportion of|
At the end of 2003 the population had already risen to around 100,100, while the proportion of Kazakhs fell to 28.46%, that of the Han Chinese rose to 69.74%.