|Greater Region:||Northwest China|
|Autonomous area :||Xinjiang|
|Area :||85,035 km²|
Kumul (Chin. Hami ) is a Chinese administrative district in the Uyghur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang . Its capital, the independent city of Kumul (Hami), is an oasis. Throughout China, Kumul / Hami is best known for its melons.
Geography and climate
Some parts of the area are up to 150 meters below sea level. The mountains of the eastern Tian-Shan rise in the group of the Qarlik Taghs to over 4900 m. There are extreme temperature fluctuations, from 43 ° C in summer to −32 ° C in winter. The administrative district has a total area of 140,749 km².
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for cumulative
The administrative district consists of a city, a district and an autonomous district:
- District of Yizhou (伊州 区 Yīzhōu Qū, formerly 哈密 市 Hāmì Shì), 85,035 km²,
- Araturük District (伊吾 县 Yīwú Xiàn), capital: Yiwu Municipality (伊吾 镇), 20,000 km²,
- Kazakh Autonomous District of Barkol (巴里坤 哈萨克 自治县 Bālǐkūn Hāsàkè zìzhìxiàn), capital: Barkol municipality (巴里坤 镇), 35,714 km².
|Arabic-Persian (Kona Yeziⱪ) :||قۇمۇل ۋىلايىتى|
|Latin (Yengi Yeziⱪ) :||Ⱪumul Wilayiti|
|official notation ( PRCh ):||Cumul|
|Pronunciation in IPA :||[ qumuɫ ]|
|Abbreviation :||哈密 地区|
|Traditional characters :||哈密 地區|
|Transcription in Pinyin :||Hāmì Dìqū|
|Wade-Giles transcription :||Ha-mi Ti-ch'ü|
The place is called Ⱪumul in Uighur . The Jesuits Benedict Goës and Matteo Ricci , who toured China, described the oasis in 1615 as "Camul". One of the oldest Chinese names (2nd century C.E. ) is Kūnmò昆莫; during the Han dynasty it was also called Yīwú伊吾 or Yīwúlú伊吾 卢, during the Tang dynasty Yīzhōu伊州; During the Yuan Dynasty , the Mongolian name Qamil was transcribed into Chinese as Hāmìlì哈密 力, and Kumul has been known as Hāmì哈密since the Ming Dynasty .
Ethnic breakdown of the population of the Kumul administrative district (2000)
According to the 2000 census, the administrative district had 492,096 inhabitants (population density: 3.5 inhabitants / km²).
|Name of the people||Residents||proportion of|
By the end of 2002 the population had risen to around 519,700.
- hmnet.gov.cn Chinese government website on Kumul (in Chinese)
- hami.gov.cn Chinese government website on Kumul (in Chinese)
- Jürgen Paul : Central Asia. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2012 ( Neue Fischer Weltgeschichte , Volume 10), p. 158.
- Jürgen Paul : Central Asia. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2012 ( Neue Fischer Weltgeschichte , Volume 10), p. 416.