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Begunje na Gorenjskem
Coat of arms of Begunje na Gorenjskem
Begunje (Slovenia)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
Country SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia
Historic region Upper Carniola / Gorenjska
Statistical region Gorenjska (Upper Carniola)
local community RadovljicaTemplate: Infobox location in Slovenia / maintenance / municipality linked
Coordinates 46 ° 23 '  N , 14 ° 12'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 22 '34 "  N , 14 ° 12' 4"  E
height 577  m. i. J.
Residents 975 (2005)
License Plate KR
Structure and administration

Begunje na Gorenjskem ( German  Vigaun ) is a place in the municipality Radovljica in the Upper Carniola (Gorenjska) region in Slovenia . It is located at the foot of the Begunjščica mountain (2063 m), a peak of the Karawanken .

Begunje na Gorenjskem


The Zijalka cave was already inhabited in the Neolithic , but there is also evidence of settlements in the early Bronze Age to the Iron Age .

A Roman tombstone found in the church is kept in the National Museum. There are also finds from the Roman period in Poljče and Slatnam, where 422 Roman coins from the 2nd century were discovered.

Until the end of the Habsburg Empire , the village belonged to the Kronland Carniola , with Begunje forming an independent municipality in the judicial district of Radmannsdorf (political district Radmannsdorf ).


Stain Castle
Katzenstein Castle

Near Begunje in the Draga valley are the ruins of the 13th century Stain Castle ( grad Kamen or Castle Stein), which was abandoned in the 18th century when the residents moved to the more conveniently located Katzenstein Castle ( grad Kacenštajn or also Begunjska graščina ) in the center of the village. In this castle from the 16th century, then in the time of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia served as a women's prison, was 1941 to 1945, the Gestapo - headquarters of Gorenjska (Upper Carniola). A total of 12,134 people were detained here. 1,282 prisoners were shot, others ended up in German concentration camps (including 989 in Mauthausen ). On May 4, 1945, the remaining prisoners were freed by partisans . The garden, surrounded by a high wall, was converted into a memorial in 1953 according to plans by Edvard Ravnikar .

After the Second World War , Katzenstein Castle served as a “ penal and reformatory institution ”, in which, in addition to Slovenian opponents of the new rulers, 43 Austrians from Carinthia were held. It later served as a police school . Katzenstein Castle now houses a facility for the mentally handicapped.

The Church of St. Peter (Sveti Peter) is located on a hill , built at the end of the 15th and beginning of the 16th century. A few remaining frescoes were created between 1530 and 1540.

In the center of the village is the church of St. Ulrich (Sveti Urh), first mentioned in 1403 . The current shape and appearance were created between 1740 and 1743.


The place is known as the headquarters of the ski and yacht manufacturer Elan and as the home and birthplace of the musician Slavko Avsenik and his brother Vilko Ovsenik .

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Begunje  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c The Dorfweg, Station 4: The Castle and Cemetery and The Lambertweg, Station 5: The Draga Valley. Begunje official website, accessed August 27, 2016.
  2. Official description of the kidnappings of civilians from Carinthia in 1945 by members of the Yugoslav partisan associations as well as the fate of the civil officials from Austria who were missing in Upper Carniola. Written by the Security Directorate for the federal state of Carinthia. Zl. 500 / g / SD / 52 / A. 80 pages.