Boris Evsejewitsch Skwirski

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Boris Evsejewitsch Skwirski ( Russian Борис Евсеевич Сквирский ; * 1887 in Odessa ; † July 30, 1941 ) was a Soviet ambassador .


Boris Skwirski was a member of the revolutionary movement in the Far Eastern Republic and became Deputy Foreign Minister there in 1920 . In 1921 he came to Washington, DC as a delegate to the Washington Naval Conference

The United States Department of State had on July 4, 1917 Boris Bakhmeteff as ambassador extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the government of Alexander Kerensky accredited. The Bolsheviks had nationalized industrial means of production in Russia in 1917 , while property of global corporations in which US citizens were involved was expropriated without compensation. Serge Ughet acted as business attaché from July 1922 . After this unprecedented loss of investment protection , the US governments did not recognize the Bolshevik government, but tried to destabilize it by sending, among other things, the Polar Bear Expedition , intervention troops into the Russian civil war .

Boris Skwirski opened the Soviet Russian Information Bureau in 1922, a mile from the White House in a modest brick building on Massachusetts Avenue in Washington DC .

In response to the aggressive policies of Japan in Asia that sought government of Franklin D. Roosevelt allies and announced the policy of non-recognition of the Soviet Union. On November 22, 1933 Skwirsky was as a Soviet chargé d'affaires for the USA in the government accredited by Franklin D. Roosevelt.

On January 8, 1934, Skwirski was replaced by Alexander Antonowitsch Trojanowski , who was Ambassador of the Soviet Union to Hirohito from November 14, 1927 to January 24, 1933 .

Skwirski was the Soviet Union's ambassador to Afghanistan from April 16, 1936 to 1937 . He then headed the state-owned company " Мединструмент ", which produced medical aids.

Skwirski was arrested during the Stalin Purge on July 15, 1938 and shot three years later. In 1955 he was posthumously rehabilitated.

Individual evidence

  1. Boris E. Skvirsky of the Far Eastern Republic today declared before the National Council for Reduction of Armaments that without a settlement of Far Eastern, New York Times , January 15, 1922, SIBERIAN ACCUSES JAPAN OF BAD FAITH; Skvirsky Says Great War Threatens Unless Far Eastern Problems Are Settled.
  2. Time , May. 30, 1932, RUSSIA: $ 5 for cartridges
  3. Archived copy ( Memento of the original from May 28, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. ( Memento from May 23, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
predecessor Office successor
Ludwig Martens Soviet Chargé d'Affaires in the USA
November 22, 1933–8. January 1934
Alexander Antonowitsch Trojanowski