States, territories and outskirts of Australia

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A state , territory or outlying area is a member state of the federally organized Commonwealth of Australia .

In addition to the six federal states (five continental and Tasmania ) and the three continental territories , of which the youngest ( Jervis Bay Territory ) was not formed until 1989 when it was split off from the capital territory , there are seven Australian outer areas (six islands / archipelagos and part of Antarctica ). While the states are largely independent, the territories have a much lower degree of autonomy or are directly subordinate to the federal government.


Reference cards
Indonesien Papua-Neuguinea Western Australia Northern Territory South Australia Australian Capital Territory Jervis Bay Territory Tasmanien Victoria Queensland New South Walesmap
About this picture
Indonesien Papua-Neuguinea Western Australia Northern Territory South Australia Australian Capital Territory Jervis Bay Territory Tasmanien Victoria (Australien) Queensland New South Wales Australisches Antarktis-Territorium Frankreich (Kerguelen) Kokosinseln Weihnachtsinsel (Australien) Antarktika Antarktika Antarktika Ashmore- und Cartierinseln Korallenmeerinseln Salomonen Vanuatu Norfolkinsel Heard und McDonaldinseln Frankreich (Neukaledonien) Neuseelandmap
About this picture
designation Abbreviation Postcode Postcode Type Capital (or largest settlement) population Area in km²
Flag of Australia.svg Ashmore and Cartier Islands Outdoor area (West Islet) 0 199
Flag of Australia.svg Australian Antarctic Territory TAS 7151 Outdoor area ( Mawson Station ) 1,000 5,896,500
Flag of the Australian Capital Territory, svg Australian Capital Territory AU-ACT ACT 0200-0299
territory Canberra 358,894 2,358
Flag of Christmas Island.svg Christmas Island CX WA 6798 Outdoor area Flying Fish Cove 1,493 135
Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.svg Coconut islands CC WA 6799 Outdoor area West Iceland 628 14th
Flag of Australia.svg Coral Sea Islands Outdoor area ( Willis Island ) 4th 10
Flag of Australia.svg Heard and McDonald Islands HM Outdoor area (Atlas Cove) 0 372
Flag of Australia.svg Jervis Bay Territory JBT territory ( Jervis Bay Village ) 611 70
Flag of New South Wales.svg New South Wales AU-NSW NSW 1000-2599
State Sydney 7,238,819 800,642
Flag of Norfolk Island.svg Norfolk Island NF NSW 2899 Outdoor area Kingston 2.114 35
Flag of the Northern Territory.svg Northern Territory AU-NT NT 0800-0899
territory Darwin 229,675 1,349,129
Flag of Queensland.svg Queensland AU-QLD QLD 4000-4999
State Brisbane 4,516,361 1,730,648
Flag of South Australia.svg South Australia AU-SA SA 5000-5999 State Adelaide 1,644,642 983.482
Flag of Tasmania.svg Tasmania AU-TAS TAS 7000-7150
State Hobart 507.626 68,401
Flag of Victoria (Australia) .svg Victoria AU-VIC VIC 3000-3999
State Melbourne 5,547,527 227,416
Flag of Western Australia.svg Western Australia AU-WA WA 6000-6797
State Perth 2,296,411 2,529,875

Properties of states and territories

The states emerged from independent British colonies that existed before Australia's independence in 1901. Their rights are protected by the Australian constitution , they each have their own constitution and parliament with extensive rights. Federal laws only apply in the areas in which the federal constitution expressly allows them.

The territories, on the other hand, are under the constitution in principle directly subordinate to the Australian Parliament, which has full legislative power there. The outer areas are also administered directly by the federal government, while the Northern Territory , Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and Norfolk Island on the Australian continent have their own administration. The Jervis Bay Territory is a special case. It has no self-government, but is administered partly by the federal government and partly by the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). The federal government has the right to overrule laws enacted by the administration there in the self-governing territories, which it has done in a few rare cases (e.g. the Rights of the Terminally Ill Act of the Northern Territory).

Each state has a governor who is appointed by Queen Elizabeth II as head of state of Australia. The Northern Territory and Norfolk Island, on the other hand, are each represented by a representative appointed by the Governor General of Australia . The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) has neither a governor nor a representative. There the governor general exercises certain rights that accrue to the respective governor in the states. This includes, for example, the right to be able to dissolve parliament.

Queensland abolished its upper house in 1922, the other states have a bicameral parliament . The elections for the lower house, the Legislative Assembly or House of Assembly is called, are based on the majority vote held only in Tasmania which is proportional representation applied. The House of Lords, known as the Legislative Council , is also elected using proportional representation. The three self-governing territories have a unicameral parliament.

The government of each Australian state is headed by a prime minister appointed by the majority party that forms the government and appointed by the state governor. The head of government of the self-governing territories is called the Chief Minister .