The section of the Adige Valley around the city of Meran and some neighboring areas in South Tyrol are called Burggrafenamt ( Burgraviato in Italian ) . Already in the Middle Ages it was a unified administrative district and formed the core area of the historical County of Tyrol . It was named not because of the high density of castles , but because the district was directly subordinate to the Burgrave of Tyrol.
The expansion of the historical burgrave office has changed over time. The original core area was the easternmost part of the former county of Vinschgau in the Adige Valley and stretched there from the Aschler Bach to the Töll . In terms of tax policy, it was subordinate to the Tyrolean burgrave for the maintenance of Tyrol Castle , in court to the district judge of Merano, and corresponded to the district court of Merano in the narrower sense (part of the later judicial district of Merano ). From the 14th century, the burgrave's office experienced considerable expansions and internal differentiations through the formation of new courts as a result of the Tyrolean state policy. This regional court of Merano on a larger scale or Burggrafenamt district included, according to the parliamentary farewells of the 16th and 17th centuries, in addition to Meran, the courts of Passeier , Schenna , Burgstall and Mölten , Gargazon , Forst , Stein unter Lebenberg , Ulten and Tisens . In terms of economic policy, the burgrave's office was privileged in the late Middle Ages by the Austrian dukes with staple rights ; accordingly, goods carried out in Terlan had to be “laid down” in the year 1401 by the “ burggraffampt der graffschetzt Tyroll ” . H. are offered for free sale.
The modern district community Burggrafenamt consists of the municipalities of the Burggrafenamt and some neighboring areas.
- Beda Weber : Meran and its surroundings, or: The Burgrave Office of Tyrol. For locals and foreigners. Wagner University Press, Innsbruck 1845.
- Josef Tarneller : The court names in the Burggrafenamt and in the neighboring communities (Meraner area, Schnals, Passeier, Tschögglberg, Sarntal, Neuhaus court, Maienburg court, German area on the Nons, Ulten and Martell). Alfred Hölder, Vienna 1909–1911.
- Otto Stolz : Political-historical description of the country of South Tyrol. Part 1: Vinschgau district and Burggrafenamt (Schlern-Schriften 40). Wagner University Press, Innsbruck 1937.
- Otto Stolz: Meran and the Burgraviato Office as part of the Tyrolean regional history (Schlern-Schriften 142). Wagner University Press, Innsbruck 1956.
- Oswald Trapp : Tiroler Burgenbuch. Volume II: Burgrave Office . Publishing house Athesia, Bozen 1980.
- Gunther Langes : Burggrafenamt and Meran: the heart of Tyrol. (= South Tyrolean regional studies . Volume 4). 6th edition. Athesia, Bozen 1990, ISBN 88-7014-021-0 .
- Hermann Frass: Meran and the Burgraviato in the picture - the core landscape of the state of Tyrol. Athesia, Bolzano 1983.
- Otto Stolz : Political-historical description of the country of South Tyrol. Part 1: Vinschgau district and Burggrafenamt (Schlern-Schriften 40). Wagner, Innsbruck 1937, p. 127.
- Otto Stolz: Political-historical description of the country of South Tyrol. Part 1: Vinschgau district and Burggrafenamt (Schlern-Schriften 40). Wagner, Innsbruck 1937, p. 130.
- Hannes Obermair : The documents of the deanery archives Neumarkt (South Tyrol), 1297–1841 (= Schlern-Schriften . Volume 289 ). Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 1993, ISBN 3-7030-0261-1 , p. 74-75, No. 22 .