The Adige Valley ( Italian: Valle dell'Adige or Val d'Adige ) is an approximately 200 km long alpine valley in Italy , through which the Adige River flows and was formed by the Ice Age Adige Glacier. The valley begins at the Reschenpass , crosses South Tyrol and Trentino and finally ends at the Veronese Klause in Veneto .
The term Etschtal can be used in two different ways:
- In a broader sense, the Adige Valley encompasses the entire course of the Adige in the Alps, from the Reschen Pass to the confluence with the Po plain .
- Especially in South Tyrolean contexts, only the valley section between Merano and Bolzano is called the Adige Valley. This narrower definition results from the fact that the other South Tyrolean valley sections each have their own names ( Vinschgau , Überetsch , Unterland ).
The Adige Valley begins at the Reschen Pass ( ). The uppermost section of the valley up to the Töll (approx. ) is called Vinschgau and, after a short section, runs southwards for the most part eastwards. At Meran the valley course makes a bend and from now on always roughly strokes south with only slight differences in altitude. The valley section to Bozen is divided into Überetsch and Unterland . At the Salurner Klause ( ), the Adige Valley leaves South Tyrol and changes to Trentino . About ten kilometers after Trento , the valley narrows at Murazzi . This is where the beginning of the lowest section of the Adige Valley, the Vallagarina, is set . Just south of Borghetto , the valley is crossed by the border between Trentino and Veneto . The Adige Valley finally ends at the Verona Klause northwest of Verona , where it merges into the Po plain .
On its long route, numerous side valleys run towards the Adige Valley. The most important include: the Münstertal , Martell and Schnals in Vinschgau, Passeier and Ulten in the Merano area, the Sarntal and Eisack valley in the Bozen basin and the Non valley and the Cembra valley in Trentino.
The Adige Valley is one of the most important traffic routes in the Alps, especially in the section between Verona and Bolzano as part of the transit route over the Brenner Pass : a large part of the Brenner motorway runs here, as does the Brenner State Road and the Brenner Railway . At Bozen, all of these traffic routes branch off in a north-easterly direction into the Eisack Valley . The Adige Valley above Bolzano is largely accessible to car traffic via the SS 38 , which is developed as the " MeBo " expressway between Bolzano and Merano , and finally through the SS 40 to Reschen . Rail connections run in the same area via the Bolzano – Meran railway and the connecting Vinschgau Railway . There is a continuous and mostly well-developed Adige Valley Cycle Path from the Reschen Pass to Verona .