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(Italian: Terlano )
coat of arms
Terlano coat of arms
Terlan in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Überetsch-Unterland
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
4,142 / 4,538
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
83.61% German
16.07% Italian
0.32% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 32 '  N , 11 ° 15'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 32 '  N , 11 ° 15'  E
Altitude : 240– 1175  m slm (center: 248  m slm )
Surface: 18.7 km²
Permanent settlement area: 11.8 km²
Parliamentary groups : Siebeneich , Terlan , Vilpian
Neighboring municipalities: Andrian , Bozen , Eppan , Gargazon , Jenesien , Mölten , Nals
Postal code : 39018
Area code : 0471
ISTAT number: 021097
Tax number: 80009450216
Mayor  (2015): Klaus Runer ( SVP )

Terlan ([ ˈtɛrlan ]; Italian : Terlano ) on the Weinstrasse is an Italian municipality in the Adige Valley in South Tyrol and has 4538 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019). The municipality consists of the fractions (localities) Terlan, Siebeneich and Vilpian .

Terlan is known for its wine and asparagus .

Landmarks of Terlano are the Maultasch castle ruins ( Neuhaus castle ruins ) above the village and the slender tower of the main Gothic church from the 14th century , with a multi-colored clapboard roof .


The main town Terlan, behind it the slopes of the Tschögglberg

The municipality of Terlan is located in the Adige Valley between Bolzano and Merano . It comprises three villages: the centrally located main town Terlan ( 250  m ), south-east of it in the direct vicinity of Bozen Siebeneich ( 250  m ) and Vilpian ( 260  m ) in the north-west. All villages are lined up one behind the other on the orographic left , eastern side of the Etsch under the slopes of the Tschögglberg . In the valley floor , the municipal area also spans sections of the other side of the river; on the Tschögglberg it reaches up to almost 1200  m above the main town .

In the Adige Valley, Terlan borders on Bozen, Andrian , Nals and Gargazon , and on Tschögglberg on Jenesien and Mölten . Although the municipality is neither in the Überetsch nor in the Unterland , it was assigned to the Überetsch-Unterland district community for pragmatic reasons .


The place was first documented as "Torilan" in the year 923 in the tradition book of the episcopal church in Salzburg , which was transferred to royal property here and in Mölten .

In the late Middle Ages, Terlan was an important silver find . In the 15th century, about 1,000 miners in more than 30 mines were with the breakdown of order Terlan galena busy. The material was shipped over the nearby streams to the valley floor, where it was processed in the smelting furnaces located there. The silver mined was finally transported to the south via the Adige . Today some field names such as Silberleiten or Silberleitenhof still remind of this past.

In the late 15th century there were also disputes between the Terlaner (and Siebeneicher) village community with that of Gries near Bozen over agricultural usage and grazing rights in the extensive moss area on the Adige , which Prince Sigmund of Austria-Tyrol tried to mediate in 1470.


Assumption Day
  • Neuhaus castle ruins , also known as Maultasch Castle, were built around 1206, destroyed twice and rebuilt in 1320. It can be reached in half an hour via a hiking trail from Terlan.
  • Greifenstein Castle was first mentioned in 1159. It towers high above the Terlano fraction Siebeneich and lies in the area of ​​the municipality of Jenesien . Greifenstein is popularly known as the pig castle . The ruin can be reached in about an hour's hike, starting from Siebeneich.
Parish Church of the Holy Heart of Jesus
  • The parish church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus , entrusted to the Teutonic Order , near the main road to Bozen in the Terlano district (fraction) Siebeneich with a partially modern church interior.
  • The parish church of Terlano to Maria Himmelfahrt was built as a high Gothic building in the 14th century. The smaller, Romanesque side tower already existed in the 13th century. The colorful glazed tile roof of the late Gothic tower from the 16th century is striking. The church houses the largest occurrence of frescoes in the countryside in South Tyrol. The church tower is around 75 m high and was built in the late Gothic style in the 16th century. It tilted over the centuries until it tilted about 10 meters. It was therefore removed and replaced with the original, individually numbered stones under the aegis of Provost Dr. Josef Weiser rebuilt. The last major restoration of the tower took place in 1995/96. The Terlan church tower is the third highest in South Tyrol. From today's point of view, the church tower clock is a special feature, because the large hand shows the hours and the small hand the minutes on this clock. Before the introduction of the more accurate pendulum clock at the end of the 17th century, there were only hour hands due to the inaccuracy of the clockwork. The old large hour hand was left in place when a small minute hand was added later.
  • The Gratl church is on the right hand side just before the end of the village on the road to Merano. In 1987 the private chapel was assigned to the parish of Terlan. The popular name of the sacred building comes from the fact that it was part of the "Gratl-Hof". The inevitable restoration took place between 1992 and 1993. Since then, several church services have been held here every year. The church is dedicated to the Immaculate Conception , as indicated by the statue of the Virgin Mary in the square niche in front of the main entrance. The annual parish fair takes place on June 24th. The altarpiece shows Our Lady. Above it, God the Father and the Holy Spirit can be seen in the form of a dove. Among them are images of the two saints Francis of Assisi and Anthony of Padua.
  • St. Antonius Chapel in Siebeneich near Terlan
  • St. Margareth in der Klause - late Gothic church ruins in Klaus near Terlan

Economy and Infrastructure

View from Neuhaus Castle to Terlan


Terlan is one of the most famous wine villages in South Tyrol. Terlan's tradition as a wine terroir goes back over 2000 years. The vineyards in Terlan begin at the foot of the Tschöggelberg at 250 m above sea level and stretch up to 900 m above sea level. The Terlan wines are characterized by a rich and ripe fruit component. They are strong and well structured, whereby the acid is integrated harmoniously. Very typical are light mineral notes in the fragrance, which come from the high mineral content of the porphyry soil. Furthermore, the Terlan wines are characterized by great elegance and finesse, which usually only develop with longer storage. Low hectare yields and careful, gentle vinification result in extremely long-lasting wines. Some Terlan wines show their full potential only after decades.

The apple-growing regions of the Terlan fruit growers are located in the heart of South Tyrol. The OG Terlan was founded in 1954. 258 members cultivate 712.82 hectares together. In 2008, a delivery volume of 30,575 t was achieved.

Another product typical of Terlan is Terlan asparagus .


Handicrafts in particular, which benefit from the proximity to the city and the convenient transport connections, are an important part of the economy. There are also some industrial zones in Terlan (Terlan craft zone, Enzenberg craft zone - between Terlan and Siebeneich). Terlan's image is largely shaped by the many apple and vineyards.


Terlan is the starting point for numerous hikes. There are car-free cycle paths along the Adige and very low-traffic, agricultural paths through apple orchards. There are also several inns and pizzerias as well as hotels in various price ranges.

Local supply

Terlan has a functioning local supply. In the center of the main town there is a general store, two butcher shops, a Conad branch and a Eurospin . There are also several inns and pizzerias as well as hotels in various price ranges. There are two different banks in the town center: the Raiffeisenkasse Terlan and a branch of the Südtiroler Sparkasse . Raiffeisenkasse Terlan has branches in each of the Siebeneich and Vilpian fractions.


Rail and road

There are three partially restored stations from the time under Austria on the Bolzano – Merano railway line : Siebeneich, Terlan station and Vilpian. Terlan can also be reached via the old state road and the Merano-Bozen expressway .

Bike paths

Terlan is also connected to the national cycle path network ( Via Claudia Augusta and Etsch cycle path ).

Cable car

The Vilpian fraction is connected to Mölten by a cable car.

Network infrastructure

The population of Terlan is connected to the broadband internet of Telecom Italia and Brennercom with BB44 and is supplied with ADSL internet. At the moment (April 2013) up to 20 Mbit are theoretically possible to download via ADSL. A Terlan junction in the South Tyrolean fiber optic network is planned for the end of 2013. There is also the option of eolo radio internet from NGI. This means that Internet connections of up to 400 Mbit are theoretically possible. The radio transmitter is stationed at Penegal . All operators are received via mobile radio: Telecom Italia (GSM / HSPA + / LTE 800), Vodafone Italia (GSM / HSPA + / LTE 800) and Wind Telecomunicazioni . (GSM / HSPA + / LTE 800)


In Terlan there are three kindergartens, four elementary schools and one middle school, to which pupils from the surrounding villages of Andrian, Nals, Siebeneich, Vilpian and Gargazon also come. The Terlan library has a large inventory of books, magazines and new media. There has also been a music school in Terlan since 1983; it was founded by the Institute for Music Education.


Terlano town hall


Mayor since 1952:

  • Diego Baron Eyrl: 1952-1958
  • Hugo Höller: 1958–1974
  • Ernst Mitterer: 1974–1980
  • Josef Platter: 1980-2005
  • Klaus Runer: since 2005

coat of arms

The coat of arms shows a freely floating silver / white, tinned gate tower standing on three steps that narrow towards the gate with outwardly opened door leaves. The coat of arms of the municipality of Terlan is identical to the coat of arms of the Niederthor family, who came from Bolzano and had risen to the nobility, who held the court of Neuhaus (in Terlan) as a princely fiefdom from 1382 until it died out in 1559.


Web links

Commons : Terlan  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Franz Huter : Tyrolean document book . The documents on the history of the German Etschland and the Vintschgau. I. Abt., Vol. 1. Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 1937, p. 17 No. 24.
  2. ^ Hannes Obermair : Written form and documented tradition of the city of Bozen up to 1500 . In: Bozen Süd - Bolzano Nord . tape 2 . Bolzano 2008, ISBN 978-88-901870-1-8 , pp. 142-143 ( PDF ).
  3. ^ Sebastian Marseiler: Paths to Art . Athesia, Bozen 2011, ISBN 978-88-8266-734-4 , p. 12 .
  4. The clock tower of the parish church
  5. ^ Homepage of the Terlan parish
  6. Provincial government: ADSL connection for 99.2 percent of the South Tyrolean press release of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano from June 18, 2012 by 2014
  7. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .