Marling (South Tyrol)

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(Italian: Marlengo )
coat of arms
Marling Coat of Arms
Marling in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Burgrave Office
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
2,535 / 2,814
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
86.41% German
13.41% Italian
0.17% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 39 ′  N , 11 ° 8 ′  E Coordinates: 46 ° 39 ′  N , 11 ° 8 ′  E
Altitude : 270– 1779  m slm (center: 363  m slm )
Surface: 12.8 km²
Permanent settlement area: 5.3 km²
Neighboring municipalities: Algund , Lana , Meran , Partschins , Tscherms
Partnership with : Gelnhausen ( DE ), Kals am Großglockner ( AT )
Postal code : 39020
Area code : 0473
ISTAT number: 021048
Tax number: 00232380212
Mayor  (2015): Walter Mairhofer ( SVP )

Marling ([ ˈmarlɪŋ ]; Italian Marlengo ) is an Italian municipality in South Tyrol, southwest of the city of Meran . Marling has 2814 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019).


The municipality of Marling is located in the Burggrafenamt on the western edge of the Merano valley basin. Marling borders in the north on Lagundo , in the northeast on Merano and in the south on Tscherms .

The village center is located on the orographically right side of the Etsch Valley at an altitude of 363  m on a slope characterized by fruit crops and vineyards. On the east side, the municipality reaches the Etsch in the valley floor . In the west, it rises over the slopes of the Marlinger Berg to around 1800  m on the ridge of the Vigiljoch , which, as part of the Zufrittkamm, forms the northeastern foothills of the Ortler Alps .

Panorama from the village of Marling


The earliest written evidence is from 1102 and is "Marnea". The etymology and source language of the word are in the dark. The name is probably an early Latin * Marneus on pre-Latin Marra (landslide, rocky parcel ) back.

The further genesis of the toponym (in excerpts): 1141 “Merningen” (see -ing ), 1163 “Marnica”, 1164 “Merniga”, 1220 “Merning”, from the 15th century almost only “Marling”.

Until the end of the First World War, Marling belonged to the judicial district of Merano and was part of the district of Merano .


Interior of the parish church of the Assumption of Mary
Former Villa Inderst (2010)

The well-traveled Marlinger Waalweg leads above the center along the steep slope and provides a good view of the Marling settlement area. The almost horizontal path along the 12 km long, artificial watercourse is the longest of its kind in South Tyrol. The Waal was laid out from 1737 to 1756 at the suggestion of the Carthusian monastery Allerengelberg , which owned a winery in Marling.

The Marling parish church Maria Himmelfahrt , consecrated in 1901, is a neo-Gothic building from the 19th century. The tower and the side chapel date from the time it was built in the 13th century. The first mention of a parish in Marling comes from the year 1166. Franz Liszt wrote a song about the "Bells of Marling" based on a text by Emil Kuh (1828–1876). The striking silhouette of the Marling Parish Church was also the model for the construction of Selsley Church in Gloucestershire . Your builder, Samuel Marling , had visited Marling during his stay at the burgrave office in the 1860s.

The Lebenberg Castle above Marling is one of the largest and most beautiful castles in South Tyrol. It is privately owned and can partially be visited.


The community is mainly characterized by the cultivation of table apples and tourism. The local fruit cooperative COFRUM , founded in 1937, has 260 members from Marling and the neighboring Tscherms. In 2008, a yield of 48,000 tons was achieved on 600 hectares. The most commonly grown apple varieties are Golden Delicious and Gala .

Marling and the Wine

The close connection between Marling and wine has existed for centuries. Historical evidence of this can be found everywhere, such as records of wine interest in the cellar office as early as the 12th century. Or the irrigation canal with the Waalweg from the Töll to Marling from 1756, which was created by the Carthusian monks from Allerengelberg in Schnalstal for their wine farm in Marling. In 2016, the around four kilometers long WeinKulturWeg Marling (with historical explanations) was laid out. It begins in the center of the village and leads in a circular path along village streets with little traffic, past the cellar cooperative and numerous wine yards and back to Marling.


Railway station building in Marling

Marling can be reached from the neighboring municipalities of Meran , Tscherms and Lagundo via country roads. The Meran-Bozen expressway ( called MeBo ) also has a Marling exit. The Vinschgau train stops after the start in Meran at the station of Marling before continuing towards Vinschgau runs.

Until 1950 it was possible to take the Lana – Meran local train to Meran. Today this service is carried out by buses.




Mayor since 1952:

  • Johann Schwienbacher: 1952–1956
  • Adolf Theiner: 1956–1969
  • Josef Gamper: 1969–1980
  • Karl Gögele: 1980-2005
  • Walter Mairhofer: since 2005



  • Manfred Leiner, Heini Gögele: Marling - Gelnhausen: 30 years of partnership 1977–2007. Meran, Medus 2007.
  • Raiffeisenkasse Marling (Ed.): Dorfbuch Marling. Marling 1989 (online)

Web links

Commons : Marling  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Others use a name for a property relationship with the typical Latin adjective suffix -anum (roughly * Marianum or * Marcanum , 'Landgut des Marius / Markus').
  2. ^ Gunther Langes : Burggrafenamt and Meran , Athesia, Bozen 1990, ISBN 88-7014-021-0 , p. 199.
  3. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .