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(Italian: Varna )
coat of arms
Vahrn coat of arms
Vahrn in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Eisack Valley
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
4,256 / 4,794
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
87.80% German
11.18% Italian
1.02% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 45 '  N , 11 ° 38'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 45 '  N , 11 ° 38'  E
Altitude : 570– 2741  m slm (center: 650  m slm )
Surface: 70.1 km²
Permanent settlement area: 7.0 km²
Parliamentary groups : Neustift , Schalders , Spiluck, Vahrn
Neighboring municipalities: Brixen , Feldthurns , Franzensfeste , Klausen , Natz-Schabs , Sarntal
Postal code : 39040
Area code : 0472
ISTAT number: 021111
Tax number: 81000030213
Mayor  (2015): Andreas Schatzer ( SVP )

Vahrn ([ faˑrn ]; Italian Varna ) is a municipality with 4794 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in South Tyrol north of Brixen ( Italy ).


The municipality of Vahrn comprises areas in the Eisack Valley and extensive areas in the Sarntal Alps .

The area of ​​the Eisack valley belonging to Vahrn is located in the northwest of the Brixner valley basin at the exit of the Wipptal valley . The main town of Vahrn is located at an altitude of 650  m on the orographic right , western side of the Eisack , where it occupies the alluvial cone of the Schalderer Bach . On the opposite side of the river is the fraction Neustift ( 600  m ).

To the west of the municipality, the Sarntal Alps, which lies in Varna sections by the rise Schalderer Valley , the Spilucker valley and the Flaggertal be divided. The Schalderer Tal offers space for the Schalders ( 1150  m ), the Spilucker Tal the small village Spiluck ( 1300  m ); the Flaggertal, of which only the upper section belongs to Vahrn, is uninhabited. The three valleys are dominated by numerous peaks, among which the Tagewaldhorn ( 2708  m ), the Jakobsspitze ( 2741  m ), the Karspitze ( 2517  m ), the Schrotthorn ( 2590  m ) and the Königsanger ( 2439  m ) are the most famous.

In the Eisack Valley, the municipality borders on the town of Brixen to the south, with which Vahrn has already merged in the Löwenviertel district . In the east, the border to Naz-Sciaves runs along the slopes behind Neustift and - further north in the upper area of ​​the Rigge - in the Eisack. Behind Lake Vahrner ( 712  m ) in the north of the municipality, Vahrn meets Franzensfeste , which also includes the lower section of the Flagger Valley. Other neighboring communities in the mountain areas of the Sarntal Alps are Sarntal , Klausen and Feldthurns .


The place is on the old Brennerstrasse . It was mentioned in a document about a thousand years ago. Since the Middle Ages, innkeepers and craftsmen have made their living from the heavy carriage traffic on the important north-south connection. Several noble residences, built by nobles and high officials of the Brixen prince-bishops, still beautify the village.

With the opening of the Brennerbahn in 1867, the place received a stop and up until the beginning of the First World War, distinguished guests from Vienna, Munich and other cities came from May to October to relax in the shade of the chestnut trees. Around 1910 a Viennese banker had the Hotel Salern built.

The Vahrner See

The construction since the 1970s has changed the appearance of the village. New craft and commercial zones above Brixen and also near the motorway exit have contributed to the economic boom in the village. The train stop has since been closed.

The Schalderer Bach and the Vahrner See were placed under nature protection as recreation zones. The majority of the farmers have specialized in intensive fruit and wine growing.

The noise and the exhaust fumes from the car and railroad pollute the villagers, and the users of the state road in the direction of Bressanone are waiting with increasing impatience for large-scale construction measures that will disentangle the intolerable traffic situation: a bypass is currently being built, a bus priority lane and various roundabouts have already been completed.

The elongated village from the Pustertal crossing to the entrance of the Schalderer valley lacked a village center. This function is roughly fulfilled by the Voitsberg house, built in the 1980s as the seat of the municipal administration, and the village square built in 2007.


The earliest written documents are in Latin: 1005 "in loco Uarna", 1060 "in loco Varina", 1140 "ortum Farne". One possible interpretation gives a Celtic * uarina as the starting word . In Celtic, * uar- is a common base morpheme for hydronymes and refers to areas rich in water. The name could therefore have been a field name for the area of ​​the Vahrner Lakes , which was then also used for the settlement. Another theory refers to the Etruscan gentile noun Varna , which is associated with two places called Varna in Tuscany and, via the closely related Rhaetian , could also be assumed to have its origin in Varna.

coat of arms

The quartered coat of arms with triple, white-blue clouds and red fields was the coat of arms of the Knights of Voitsberg, who built Voitsberg Castle near Vahrn around 1173. This was razed in 1277 by the Brixen bishop Bruno von Kirchberg .


Municipal Council (2015)
11 4th 
A total of 18 seats

Mayor since 1952:

  • Walter Volgger: 1952–1964
  • Anton Jöchler: 1964–1965
  • Willi Huber: 1965–1969
  • Emil Burger: 1969–1990
  • Wilhelm Überbacher: 1990–1995
  • Josef Sigmund: 1995–2010
  • Andreas Schatzer: since 2010

Worth seeing

Neustift Monastery

The village is dominated by the Salern castle ruins , the remains of a castle built by Bishop Bruno in the 13th century . The parish church with the pointed Gothic tower is well worth seeing and is illuminated by spotlights at night. The famous Neustift Monastery of the Congregation of the Austrian Augustinian Canons with an attached boarding school is located in the village of Neustift .


Viticulture is particularly practiced in the Neustift district, the leading grape being the Silvanerrebe .

The industrial park is located in the south of the municipality, on the state road, in front of the Brixen municipality border. The largest operation is the Brixen (Brimi) dairy farm.

Sons and daughters of the church


  • Parish Vahrn (Hrsg.): Vahrn - home between the worlds . Lana 1992 ( online )
  • Ignaz Mader : The place names of the old court Salern , in: Publications of the Museum Ferdinandeum, Issue 18, Innsbruck 1938. (online)

Web links

Commons : Vahrn  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Albrecht Greule: German water names book. Etymology of the water body names and the associated area, settlement and field names. de Gruyter Mouton, Berlin 2014, ISBN 3-486-77554-5 , p. 559 .
  2. Diether Schürr: What language does the place name Brixen come from? . In: Giampaolo Borghello, Vincenzo Orioles (eds.), Per Roberto Gusmani 1. Linguaggi, culture, letterature 2. Linguistica storica e teorica. Studi in ricordo . Forum, Udine 2012, pp. 435-450
  3. Numbers and facts. Vahrn municipality, accessed on October 18, 2018 .
  4. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .