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Eppan on the Wine Route
(Italian: Appiano sulla Strada del Vino )
coat of arms
Eppan coat of arms on the Wine Route
Eppan on the Wine Route in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Überetsch-Unterland
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
13.997 / 14.932
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
86.23% German
13.29% Italian
0.48% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 27 '  N , 11 ° 16'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 27 '  N , 11 ° 16'  E
Altitude : 235– 1864  m slm (center: 415  m slm )
Surface: 59.69 km²
Permanent settlement area: 26.6 km²
Parliamentary groups : Berg , Frangart , Gaid , Gand , Girlan , Missian , Montiggl , Perdonig , St. Michael , St. Pauls , Unterrain
Neighboring municipalities: Andrian , Bozen , Kaltern , Nals , Pfatten , Terlan , Our Lady in the Walde-St. Felix ;
in Val di Non ( Trentino ): Borgo d'Anaunia , Ronzone , Sarnonico , Cavareno
Partnership with : Anif ( Salzburg / Austria )
Postal code : 39057
Area code : 0471
ISTAT number: 021004
Tax number: 00264460213
Mayor  (2015): Wilfried Trettl (Eppan Citizens List)

Eppan an der Weinstrasse ([ ˈɛpan ]; Italian Appiano sulla Strada del Vino ) is a large Italian municipality with 14,932 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in South Tyrol . Eppan is the sixth largest municipality in South Tyrol and can be compared to a small town . Eppan is located on the South Tyrolean Wine Route in the Überetsch region between Bolzano and Kaltern .


The Eppan area seen from the southeast: the Gantkofel dominating the landscape, below to the right the villages of Eppan scattered in the Überetsch, in the foreground the break of the Mitterberg to the Etsch valley floor

The municipality of Eppan is located in the south of South Tyrol a few kilometers southwest of the provincial capital Bolzano . The total area of ​​59.69 km² includes the northern half of the Überetsch - a hilly landscape elevated orographically to the right above the valley floor of the Adige , in which the settlement centers of the municipality are located - as well as a section of the Mendelkamm rising to the west and small parts of the bottom of the Adige Valley .

The community consists of several villages (also fractions ) that are distributed in the Überetscher landscape. The main town of Appiano is St. Michael (also self Appiano called 360- 470  m slm ). Directly south of St. Michael, near the border with the neighboring municipality of Kaltern , is the young village of Gand (405– 520  m ), and to the west above the main village is the scattered settlement of Berg . To the north of St. Michael lie the villages of St. Pauls (380– 460  m ) and Missian (350– 400  m ). In the north-west of the municipality, much higher up in the low mountain range , are Perdonig (750– 800  m ) and - just before the municipality boundary with Nals - Gaid (810– 1000  m ). In the west, these villages are dominated by the increasingly steep slopes of the Mendelkamm (part of the Nonsberg group ), which bears the border with Trentino and dominates the landscape above Eppan with the Gantkofel ( 1866  m ) and the Penegal ( 1737  m ).

In the east, the municipal boundary to Pfatten and Bozen is mainly oriented towards the Mitterberg ridge , which separates the Überetsch from north to south from the bottom of the Etsch valley. In this area there are Montiggl (480- 510  m ) to the small ( 514  m ) and the Great Lake Monticolo ( 492  m ) - nestled in the far southeast of the municipality still directly into the soft outlines of Mitterberg - and a little further north, where the Mitterberg barely emerges, Girlan (430– 450  m ). Two of the Eppaner fractions are also at the northern foot of the slope of the Überetsch, already in the valley of the Etsch temporarily: Frangart (240- 300  m ) in the direct vicinity of Bolzano, and - near the northern community border Andrian and Terlan - Unterrainstrasse (240- 250  m ).


Hocheppan Castle ,
Bolzano in the background
Ansitz Moos-Schulthaus (museum for medieval living culture)

Finds of stone box graves with grave goods, numerous ramparts (for example in Perdonig) and a late Bronze Age settlement ( Gamberoni site ) indicate the early settlement of Eppan.

Historians suspect that the name Eppan comes from a Roman landowner named Appius . In 2005, the remains of a Roman villa with floor mosaics from the 4th century and a thermal bath complex were found during construction work in St. Pauls, a fraction of Eppan, which is believed to have been the residence of Appius. The first documentary mention as "Appianum" took place in 590 by Paulus Diaconus in connection with the advance of the Franks towards the south. The area around Eppan belonged to the Lombard Duchy of Trento . The first resident of Eppan known by name is Fritari de Apiano , who was documented in a Trento arbitration award with the addition teutiscus (German) in 845 .

In the High Middle Ages, the Counts of Eppan fought with those of Tyrol for control of what is now South Tyrol. The castle Hocheppan with the famous medieval frescoes in the chapel Hocheppan was the center of their county. Today the castle is a place for excursions with a restaurant, to which a footpath leads up. The Boymont Castle , the Altenburg and others were also built by them. Ministerials of the Eppan Counts built smaller residential towers in the area, including Korb Castle and Englar Castle.

The 86 m high parish church in St. Pauls, called “ Dom auf dem Lande ”, testifies to the early prosperity of the community . It was built from 1460 to 1647. The church tower was started in the Gothic style, but was later added a baroque onion dome. St. Pauls was the old center of the community with the nearby Altenburg , which served as the seat of the court.


The Überetsch is the region with the most castles in Europe. In the region around Appiano there are over 200 art-historical buildings such as castles, palaces, mansions , churches and chapels. About 20 of them are castles and palaces. The town centers also consist of numerous historical buildings.

Castles and mansions


  • Parish Church of St. Pauli Conversion in St. Pauls (also "Cathedral in the Country")
  • Dominican Church of St. Joseph in St. Michael
  • St. Justina in the Berg fraction
  • Parish church St. Vigilius and Ulrich in Perdonig
  • Pilgrimage Church of the Fourteen Holy Helpers in Gaid
  • Holy three kings in Montiggl
  • Gleifkirche
  • St. Nicholas in Unterrain
  • St. Apollonia in Missian
  • Parish Church of St. Martin in Girlan
  • Parish Church of St. Josef in Frangart
  • St. Luzia with cemetery in St. Pauls
Large Montiggler Lake from the Mendel Pass ; in the background Laives




Eppan has around 90 catering establishments and 180 private room providers with around 4,000 beds (around 470,000 overnight stays in 2006). The area offers numerous hiking opportunities (3,166 hectares of forest) at an altitude of around 265 to 1,866 meters.

Bike paths

Eppan is located on the long-distance cycle path , which runs as Via Claudia Augusta along an ancient Roman road of the same name .


Eppan is the center of the largest wine-growing area in South Tyrol and also a fertile fruit-growing area. Every year, well over 100,000 hectoliters of wine are produced here on around 1,050 hectares of cultivated land. Over a dozen of the varieties are among the top wines in South Tyrol. Eppan is also one of the main places on the new South Tyrolean Wine Route , which runs from Sigmundskron near Bozen to Eppan and leads via Kaltern , Tramin , Kurtatsch , Kurtinig , Margreid to Salurn .


In Eppan there are six German-speaking primary schools in St. Michael, St. Pauls, Perdonig, Missian, Frangart and Girlan, as well as a middle school in St. Michael. The first four primary schools mentioned form a common school district , the last two and the middle school together form a second school district. In addition, there is the private secondary school "Mariengarten" in St. Pauls.

The Italian-language school offer is limited to the primary school in St. Michael and the "Pascoli" middle school at the same location, which are administered by the Europa 1 school district in Bolzano .


The most important sports clubs in Eppan include the football clubs AFC Eppan and AFC St. Pauls, which play in the fifth highest Italian league (Oberliga), the ice hockey club HC Eppan Pirates , which uses the Eppan ice stadium for its home games in the Italian Serie B , and the SSV Eppan (elite league handball and skiing). There are also several soccer fields. One of them, those in the sports area Rungg who served the German national football team before the 1990 World Cup , 2010 World Cup and 2018 World Cup as a training ground.


Mayor since 1952:

  • Friedrich Dellago: 1952–1977
  • Erwin Walcher: 1977–1990
  • Franz Lintner: 1990-2010
  • Wilfried Trettl: since 2010

Sons and daughters


Web links

Mosaic in the Roman Villa in St. Pauls
Commons : Eppan  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. LIBER TERTIUS Paulus Diaconus: Historia Langobardorum , Liber III, chap. 31
  2. Hannes Obermair : The right of the Tyrolean-Trientin "Regio" between late antiquity and the early Middle Ages. In: “ Concilium Medii Aevi ” 9, 2006, pp. 141–158, reference p. 155 PDF , 103 kB, cma.gbv.de
  3. Eppan primary school district. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network , accessed on October 25, 2014 .
  4. ↑ School district Eppan. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network, accessed on October 25, 2014 .
  5. ^ Equivalent middle school St. Pauls / Eppan 'Mariengarten'. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network, accessed on October 25, 2014 .
  6. ↑ School district Europe 1. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network, accessed on October 25, 2014 .
  7. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .