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(Italian Racines )
coat of arms
Coat of arms of Ratschings
Racines in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Wipptal
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
4,391 / 4,538
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
97.77% German
2.14% Italian
0.10% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 52 ′  N , 11 ° 18 ′  E Coordinates: 46 ° 52 ′  N , 11 ° 18 ′  E
Altitude : 945– 3471  m slm (center: 976  m slm )
Surface: 203.50 km²
Permanent settlement area: 17.0 km²
Parliamentary groups : Ausserratschings, Gasteig, Innerratschings, Jaufental, Mareit , Ridnaun , Telfes
Neighboring municipalities: Brenner , Freienfeld , Moos in Passeier , Neustift in the Stubaital , St. Leonhard in Passeier , Sarntal , Sölden , Sterzing
Postal code : 39040
Area code : 0472
ISTAT number: 021070
Tax number: 81001030212
Mayor  (2015): Sebastian Helfer ( SVP )

Ratschings ([ raˈtʃɪŋs ]; Italian Racines ) is an Italian municipality in South Tyrol . In terms of area, Ratschings is the largest municipality in the Wipptal district community . Ratschings has 4538 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019). The township is located in Stange in Ausserratschings.

The South Tyrolean Mining Museum on the Schneeberg , the baroque castle Wolfsthurn in Mareit with the South Tyrolean State Museum for Hunting and Fishing , the Gilfenklamm , a natural monument, and the Reifenegg castle ruins hidden in the forest are special attractions of the municipality of Ratschings .


View from the inside of the Ridanna Valley out of the valley

The municipality of Racines extends over an area of ​​203.50 km² in a valley system in the north of South Tyrol . This includes the Ridnaun Valley , which branches off from the Wipptal near Sterzing to the west and later leads to the northwest into the mountains. In addition to numerous smaller side valleys, two larger and inhabited valleys also belong to the municipality: the Ratschingstal and the Jaufental , both of which start at the entrance to the Ridnaun valley and - separated from each other by a wooded ridge - sweep south-west.

The village settlements in Ratschings are spread over seven fractions , which in turn include several hamlets and farms. The first fraction at the entrance to the Ridnaun Valley on the south bank of the Ridnauner Bach - the north bank still belongs to an area of ​​the city of Sterzing - is Gasteig ( 950  m slm ). A little further into the valley, on the northern, sun-exposed valley slope, is Telfes ( 1250  m ). Further west follows, again on the valley floor, Mareit ( 1050  m ). Ridnaun ( 1350  m ) takes up the rearmost sections of the valley. Right at Gasteig, the Jaufental, drained by the Jaufenbach , branches off to the south. This is where the farms and hamlets of the Jaufental district of the same name with the main town Mittertal ( 1150  m ) are distributed. Opposite Telfes is the entrance to the Ratschingstal. There is the fraction of Ausserratschings with the community center in the village of Stange ( 970  m ), near the Gilfenklamm and the confluence of the Ratschinger Bach in the Ridnauner Bach. The settlements further into the valley belong to Innerratschings , whose largest village is Bichl ( 1300  m ).

View over the Übeltalferner to the Wilder Freiger
The Pfurnsee in the upper

All three main valleys are framed by high mountain ranges, which are mainly included in the Stubai Alps and to a small extent (on the south side of the Jaufental) in the Sarntal Alps . The mountains bordering the Ridnaun valley on the north side form the Aggls-Rosskopf ridge. This finds its first elevation on Sterzingen's local mountain, the Rosskopf ( 2189  m ), continues to the Telfer Weißen ( 2588  m ) and the Wetterspitze ( 2706  m ), which fall north into the Pflerschtal, which belongs to the municipality of Brenner , and finally ends after the eponymous valley Agglsspitze ( 3196  m ) on the Westlichen Feuerstein ( 3245  m ) on the Stubai main ridge, part of the main Alpine ridge . In the section of the main ridge west of the Feuerstein, on the Italian-Austrian border with the state of Tyrol, above the end of the Ridnaun valley, there is the Rote Grat ( 3,099  m ) and - towering over the Übeltalferner - the highest peaks in the municipality of Ratschings: Wilder Freiger ( 3418  m ), Wilder Pfaff ( 3456  m ), Sonklarspitze ( 3463  m ) and Schwarzwandspitze ( 3354  m ). At the Schwarzwandspitze, a branched subgroup of the Stubai Alps separates to the south, which separates the Ridanna and Ratsching valleys from Passeier and the municipality of Ratschings from Moos and St. Leonhard to the west and south . Important peaks of this subgroup are the Botzer ( 3250  m ), its highest peak, the Ratschinger Weisse ( 2818  m ), on which the side ridge dividing the Ratschings and Ridnaun valleys branches off to the east, and the Hohe Kreuzspitze ( 2743  m ), which is steep above the rises up the northern flank of the Passeier valley. To the east of the Hohen Kreuzspitze, the mountains bordering the Ratschingstal on the south side run over the Kleine Kreuzspitze ( 2518  m ), the Glaitner Hochjoch ( 2389  m ), the Saxner ( 2358  m ) and the Fleckner ( 2331  m ) gently to the Jaufenpass ( 2094  m ) which represents the transition from the Stubai Alps to the Sarntal Alps. The part of the Sarntal Alps belonging to the municipality of Ratschings delimits the Jaufental on the south side and is divided by several short side valleys. Among other things, the Jaufenspitze ( 2480  m ) rise directly on the Jaufenpass, the Mittagsspitze ( 2052  m ) above the inner Jaufental, the Sarner Weißhorn ( 2705  m ) on the southern border to the Sarntal community and the Zinseler ( 2422  m ) on the eastern border Municipality of Freienfeld .


The area was already settled before Roman times, which is proven by archaeological finds. The valleys were probably not settled by Bavarians until the 6th century . Documentary evidence of the place names existed from the 12th century. Telfes in the Ridnaun Valley is the oldest settlement and can be traced back to the 9th century. In the Ridnaun Valley, ore mining on the Schneeberg already played a major role in the Middle Ages and had a major impact on people's lives.

In 1929, the municipalities of Ratschings, Ridnaun, Mareit, Jaufental and Telfes were amalgamated to form the large municipality of Ratschings.


Municipal Council (2015)
A total of 18 seats

Mayor since 1952:

  • Johann Klotz: 1952–1960
  • Karl Gitzl: 1960–1964
  • Max Siller: 1964–1970
  • Johann Klotz: 1970–1991
  • Leopold Siller: 1991-2010
  • Sebastian Helfer: since 2010


Tourism plays an important role in the region . The tourist association counts around 350,000 overnight stays every year. The guests come in summer and winter. There are many hiking trails, the Ratschings-Jaufen ski area and a biathlon center in Ridanna . Almost 400 farms, most of them as part-time farming, are active in the livestock and dairy industry. In addition, there are almost 60 smaller craft and manufacturing companies as well as around 130 restaurants, pensions and hotels.


In the municipality of Ratschings there are seven primary schools in Gasteig, Innerratschings, Jaufental, Mareit, Ridnaun, Stange and Telfes, which together are connected to the German school district of the neighboring municipality of Sterzing II .



  • Barbara Felizetti Sorg (ed.): Municipality of Ratschings: Ausserratschings, Gasteig, Innerratschings, Jaufental, Mareit, Ridnaun, Telfes . Volume 1 , Volume 2 , Ratschings 2012

Web links

Commons : Ratschings  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .
  2. ^ Schulsprengel Sterzing II. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network , accessed on October 25, 2014 .