Laas (South Tyrol)

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(Italian: Lasa )
coat of arms
Coat of arms of Laas
Lasa in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Vinschgau
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
3,933 / 4,094
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
98.09% German
1.67% Italian
0.4% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 37 ′  N , 10 ° 42 ′  E Coordinates: 46 ° 37 ′  N , 10 ° 42 ′  E
Altitude : 832– 3545  m slm (center: 868  m slm )
Surface: 110.1 km²
Permanent settlement area: 19.8 km²
Parliamentary groups : Allitz , Eyrs , Laas , Tanas , Tschengls
Neighboring municipalities: Mals , Martell , Prad am Stilfserjoch , Schlanders , Schluderns , Stilfs
Postal code : 39023
Area code : 0473
ISTAT number: 021042
Tax number: 82007330218
Mayor  (2015): Andreas Tappeiner ( SVP )

Laas ([ laːs ]; Italian Lasa ) is an Italian municipality with 4094 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in the South Tyrolean Vinschgau . The main town is the village of the same name, which is best known for its marble from Lasa.


Laas in 2006

The municipality of Laas is located in the Vinschgau in the west of South Tyrol. The wide valley floor of the Adige Valley , characterized here by alluvial cones , offers space for the four largest settlements in the municipality: the main town of Laas ( 868  m ) on both sides of the Adige , the villages of Allitz ( 1100  m ) and Eyrs on the north side of the valley on the orographic left ( 900  m ) and the village of Tschengls ( 950  m ) on the right, southern side of the valley .

North of the valley floor the site to the slopes of the rising sun mountain , which in mittelgebirgiger situation of small fraction Tanas ( 1,400  m offer) space. Above this, the municipality reaches some peaks of the Saldurkamm of the Ötztal Alps (such as the Litzerspitze , 3206  m ). The Stilfserjoch National Park begins immediately south of the valley floor . Small clearing islands on the Nördersberg are occupied by the hamlets of Tarnell and Parnetz. The Laas valley , which branches off at the main town of Laas , leads south far into the Ortler Alps (here included in the subgroup of the Laas mountains ) until it ends at the Laaser Ferner . The high valley is surrounded by numerous three-thousand-meter peaks , including the Vertainspitze ( 3545  m ), the Hohen Angelus ( 3521  m ), the Middle Pederspitze ( 3462  m ) and the Lasa peak ( 3305  m ).

Laas is accessible by the SS 38 and the Vinschgau Railway ( Laas station ).

Place name

Laas was first mentioned in documents as Laz in 1209 . The origin of the name is not clear. One possible explanation lies in the tracing back to a pre-Romanesque name for rock, gravel debris or rubble cone, another interpretation refers to an assumed former lake formed by the Adige ( Latin lacus ).


"Kandlwaal" in Lasa

Historic aqueduct

Known as the "Kandlwaal" wooden channel was once part of of irrigation channels existing irrigation system. The 600 m long wooden aqueduct crossed the Adige on 32 up to 15 m high stone pillars. In 1907 the Kandlwaal was destroyed by fire. Parts of it can still be seen today.

Parish Church of St. John the Baptist



The marble factory in Lasa
The Laas station of the Vinschgau

The marble deposits in Laasertal were probably already mined in Roman times , but systematic extraction did not begin until the middle of the 19th century. After the annexation of South Tyrol by Italy, the Lasa Marmo SPA opened the Lasa marble railway in 1929 , with which the marble is still brought down to the valley from 1550 meters. The blocks first overcome a gorge using a cable car. Then they are transported by rail along the mountain to a funicular , the Lasa inclined railway , with which they are then brought to the marble works in the valley. At Lasa Marmo, the local tourist office offers weekly guided tours. The company's old gantry crane was erected as an industrial monument on a square opposite the Laas train station .

Today there are still two marble processing companies and two sculptors in the main town. Another marble processing company is in the Eyrs fraction . In 1982 the vocational school for stone processing was re-established in Laas. Since 2000, Lasa marble has also been brought into the limelight by exhibiting small marble works of art as part of the annual Lasa culture festival marmor & marillen . There is an extensive fruit-growing area in the valley floor. Two large fruit cooperatives store and sell apricots , apples , cauliflower and other vegetables.

Parts of the Kastelbell hydroelectric power station are located in Lasa . Here the Adige is dammed by a weir system. 294 m deeper, in Kastelbell, three Francis turbines generate 60 MWatt average electrical power. The hydropower plant belonging to the Zufrittsee reservoir is also located near Laas .


Mayor since 1952:

  • 1952–1956 Karl Gartner
  • 1956–1964 Ernst Muther
  • 1964–1969 Franz Platter
  • 1969–1980 Leo Platter
  • 1980–1985 Oskar Federspiel
  • 1985–2003 Wolfgang Platter
  • 2003– 0000Andreas Tappeiner



Web links

Commons : Laas  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. South Tyrol Handbook 2013, page 218
  2. White treasures in the draughty hole in FAZ from January 15, 2015, page R5
  3. The hydroelectric power station of Kastelbell , accessed on March 31, 2010 ( Memento of the original from April 26, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. Laas - Clean energy from the rivers of the Martell Valley. In: Alperia AG website. Retrieved August 17, 2019 .
  5. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .