|(Italian: Sesto )|
|coat of arms||map|
|Region :||Trentino-South Tyrol|
|Province :||Bolzano - South Tyrol|
|District community :||Val Pusteria|
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
|1.937 / 1.879|
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
|Altitude :||1.244–(center: )|
|Permanent settlement area:||5.3 km²|
|Parliamentary groups :||Kiniger, Mitterberg, Moos, Schmieden, St.Veit|
|Neighboring municipalities:||Auronzo di Cadore (BL), Comelico Superiore (BL), Innichen , Kartitsch (AT), Sillian (AT), Toblach|
|Postal code :||39030|
|Area code :||0474|
|Mayor (2015):||Fritz Egarter ( SVP )|
Sexten ([ ˈsɛkstn̩ ]; Italian Sesto ) is an Italian municipality with 1879 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in South Tyrol . The most important settlements are the main town of Sexten and the village of Moos, about two kilometers further into the valley .
The parish in the extreme east of South Tyrol takes - up to the end of the valley - the complete Sextental smaller side valleys and the mountains on a total area of 80.88 square kilometers. The Sesto Valley branches off from the Puster Valley near Innichen in a south-easterly direction and is traversed along its entire length by the Sesto Bach , a tributary of the Drava . The most important village settlements are located approximately in the middle of the valley: the community center Sesto (1280 ), after the church patron Vitus and St. Veit called, and about two kilometers into the valley situated Moos (1330- ). Between these two villages, the settlement was founded in the 1950s Waldheim (1310- ). In addition, even the sunny side valley slopes there are vacant fractions Kiniger and Mitterberg and forging something northwest of St. Veit.
On its northeast flank, the Sextental is framed by a section of the Carnic main ridge , which, rising from the northern Pustertal, finds its first significant peak in the Helm ( ). The ridge bears the Italian-Austrian state border and thus also the border between South Tyrol and the federal state of Tyrol and East Tyrol . In the southeast, the Sextental ends at the Kreuzbergpass ( ), which connects South Tyrol with the Cadore ( Belluno province , Veneto ) and separates the Carnic Alps from the Dolomites .
The Sesto Dolomites occupy large parts of the south and south-west of the municipality, almost all of which are under protection in the Three Peaks Nature Park . The area is made accessible by the Fischleintal, which branches off towards the south near Moos and is surrounded by high mountain ranges . The famous Sesto sundial rises up on the east and south side of the Fischlein Valley , consisting of the Neuner ( ), Zehner ( ), Elfer ( ), Zwölfer ( ) and Einser ( ). In the southwest, the ridge between Paternkofel ( ) and Toblinger knot ( ) forms the municipal boundary to Toblach . The ridge that strikes north from the Toblinger knot carries, among other things, the Dreischusterspitze ( ), the highest peak of Sesto, and separates the Fischleintal from the Innerfeldtal , which belongs to Innichen, in the west.
The first mention of Sexten dates from 925 or 965, when - according to a diplomatic forgery produced in the 12th century - allegedly Emperor Otto I. Alpine areas in "Uiscalina, Sexta, Nemes" in the area of Innichen monastery to the church of St. Maria and St. Korbinian in Freising transferred. The properties are the Fischlein high valley, (Mitter-) Sexten and the Nemesalpe in Innersexten (today's Sextner- and Klammbachtalalm). It is controversial where today's name Sesto comes from, the attempts to explain it differ.
Several citizens worked as hat makers in Sesto in the 17th century. They also formed the "Honorable Brotherhood of Hueter". Around 70 Sesto made their living as hat makers, including members of the Gasser family. At that time even water-powered machines were used. The hat-making trade has now died out.
In the register books of the 17th century the job title of the father stonemason can be found. The millstones were worked on all year round. As the patron saint , St. Katharina and Florian adored. The stonemasons even formed a society that was dissolved after a short time. The millstones sold well in Salzburg , Carinthia and Veneto . In 1908 there are four stonemasons in Sexten. I found the ore in the Langpigl between Sexten and Innichen . According to statistics from 1868, around 300 millstones were to be sold except for Sexten. After the Second World War, the craft slowly died out.
First World War
During the First World War , Sesto was a scene of fighting. For two and a half years the war raged between Italian and Austrian troops. Holes, bunkers, trenches and positions in the rocks still bear witness to this today. The place was right on the front line and in 1915 experienced a violent evacuation. On August 12, 1915, St. Veit (parish church and 23 buildings) was destroyed by fire grenades. In June 1917 the citizens were allowed to return. The parish church was badly damaged and unusable, so two emergency churches were built, the forest chapel and the syringe hut. On Saturday afternoon, the Sesto pastor taught the few students at Honsa Lois in the room, on Sunday morning a solemn service was held in the forest chapel and a prayer in the afternoon.
The church of St. Peter and Paul in St. Veit (main town) contains ceiling paintings by the Bozen artist Albert Stolz . Rudolf Stolz's Dance of Death can be seen in a round building at the entrance to the cemetery . The historic Mitterberg fortress from the time before the First World War still exists today. In the cemetery there are arcade paintings by Albert Stolz, Rudolf Stolz, Margarethe Stolz-Hoke and Johann Baptist Oberkofler . The branch church of St. Josef in the Moos parliamentary group is listed in the letter from Josef Egarter von Rosenau as early as 1945.
The Rudolf Stolz Museum in the center of the village is also dedicated to Rudolf Stolz. In two showrooms it mainly shows plan sketches and drafts for the numerous frescoes as well as studies, watercolors and graphic works by Rudolf Stolz, as well as temporary special exhibitions by other artists.
Around 1820 Valentin Wassermann built the Valentine's Church at the entrance to the Fischleintal . The Lordisstöckl on the way to the forest chapel was built by Klara Rogger around 1890 and is often visited by the Sesto if there are special requests. On the Ausserberg there are bowl stones that were discovered by Pastor Küer. They are among the oldest traces of settlement in Sesto.
The renowned architecture prize for new building in the Alps is awarded by the Sexten Kultur association . After the years 1992, 1996 and 1999 the prize was awarded again in September 2006 (2006 winners: Gion A. Caminada and Rainer Köberl & Astrid Tschapeller).
The place is known as a summer and winter sports resort. In addition, there is the “ Sesto Sundial ”, formed from five Dolomite peaks: Neuner , Zehner (Sesto Rotwand), Elfer , Zwölfer and Einser . The Zwölfer (3094 m) is close to the climbing paradise of the Three Peaks . The place is also known for the Tyrolean nativity scenes, hiking trails, mountains, rock formations and the flora and fauna.
In Sesto there is also a 16.5 m high indoor climbing hall, called the Dolomitarena.
In 1983 Sexten was the venue for the Interski , the most important congress for ski instructors.
The steepest groomed ski slope in Italy is located in the Rotwand ski area. The black Holzriese run has a maximum gradient of up to 71%.
There are also several toboggan runs in Sesto: the Rotwand toboggan run (illuminated in the evening) and the Signaue toboggan run can be reached via cable cars; the Innerfeldtal and Klammbachalm toboggan runs are classic natural toboggan runs that lead to mountain huts.
Mayor since 1952:
- 1952–1956: Peter Pfeifhofer
- 1956–1969: Franz Villgrater
- 1969-1970: Alois Strobl
- 1970–1975: Franz Villgrater
- 1975–1976: Wilhelm Rainer
- 1976–1990: Johann Holzer
- 1990-2005: Wilhelm Rainer
- since 2005: Fritz Egarter
coat of arms
Since 1972, the municipality has had a coat of arms (awarded by state decree) that, based on the historical model, shows the Three Peaks in white on a blue shield and a black chamois on the summit of the middle one .
- Sepp Forcher (* 1930), Austrian television presenter
- Hilarius von Sexten (1839–1899), Capuchin and moral theologian
- Claus Gatterer (1924–1984), journalist and author
- Patrick Holzer (* 1970), ski racer
- Veit Königer (1729–1792), sculptor
- Peter Ortner (* 1934), biologist, environmentalist and home curator
- Reimmichl (1867–1953), actually Sebastian Rieger, priest and poet
- Jannik Sinner (* 2001), tennis player
Well-known mountain guides and mountaineers:
- Franz Innerkofler (1834–1898)
- Johann Jakob (Hans) Innerkofler (1833–1895)
- Michel Innerkofler (1844–1888)
- Sepp Innerkofler (1865-1915)
- Rudolf Holzer: Sexten. From a mountain farming village to a tourist community . Tappeiner, Lana 2000, ISBN 88-7073-269-X ( online ).
- Alberto Franceschi, Ugo Francato: Sexten: once upon a time . Sexten 2015, ISBN 979-12-200-0482-4
- Peter Kübler, Hugo Reider: War for Sexten • The western Carnic Alps and the Kreuzberg area in the First World War 1915-1918 with tour descriptions for today . Sexten 2017. ISBN 978-3-9816744-2-2 (online  )
- Landscape plan of the municipality of Sexten . Office for Landscape Ecology, Autonomous Province of Bolzano - South Tyrol (PDF file)
- Website of the municipality of Sexten
- Martin Bitschnau , Hannes Obermair : Tiroler Urkundenbuch, II. Department: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys. Volume 1: By the year 1140 . Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 2009, ISBN 978-3-7030-0469-8 , p. 99-102, no. 134 .
- Egon Kühebacher : The place names of South Tyrol and their history. Volume 1: The historically grown names of the communities, parliamentary groups and hamlets. Bozen: Athesia 1991. ISBN 88-7014-827-0 , pp. 430-431.
- Baedeker: South Tyrol travel guide , p. 267
- San Candido school district. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network , accessed on October 25, 2014 .
- Georg Weindl: Test of courage: The steepest runs in the Alps. In: welt.de . January 20, 2006, accessed October 7, 2018 .
- The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .