University of California
|University of California
|Oakland , California , United States
|$ 10.274 billion
The University of California ( UC ; German University of California ) is, alongside the California State University system, the second California system of state universities with a total of over 192,000 students (officially the Community Colleges California are the third). There is a University of California in ten cities.
Although the universities are independent of each other, they share a good reputation for the quality of their education. Therefore, they are among the best US state universities, known as Public Ivy . Many of the universities have Nobel Prize winners and other top researchers as professors. In recent years, Nobel Prizes in Physics and Economics have been awarded to UC professors in Santa Barbara and San Diego, respectively.
The establishment of universities was prescribed in the California constitution of 1849 . In 1866 the legislature established the Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College . Although it was well funded, it lacked the necessary land. In 1855, the pastor Henry Durant founded the College of California in Oakland . The College of California patrons bought 65 acres of land in 1866. Located on what is now Berkeley, this should allow the college to expand. However, the college lacked the money for normal operations.
So the College of California offered the state to merge the two institutions into one general university. The Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College thus became a “complete university”. On March 23, 1868 , the University of California was finally founded by contract. UC Berkeley (UCB) is the oldest sub-university . The youngest offshoot was founded in 1999 in Merced , opened in 2002 and started teaching in September 2005.
The University of California has three national laboratories under the auspices of the United States Department of Energy :
- Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
- Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
- Los Alamos National Laboratory
The University of California has two observatories. The research centers are located in Santa Cruz but are used by all UCs.