|(Italian: Valle di Casies )|
|coat of arms||map|
|Region :||Trentino-South Tyrol|
|Province :||Bolzano - South Tyrol|
|District community :||Val Pusteria|
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
|2.226 / 2.325|
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
|Coordinates||46 ° 49 ' N , 12 ° 14' E|
|Altitude :||1,191– 2837 m slm (center: 1206 m slm )|
|Permanent settlement area:||10.4 km²|
|Parliamentary groups :||Ausserpichl, Innerpichl, Oberplanken, St. Magdalena-Niedertal, St. Magdalena-Obertal, St. Martin-Niedertal, St. Martin-Obertal, Unterplanken|
|Neighboring municipalities:||Innervillgraten ( T ), Niederdorf , Rasen-Antholz , St. Jakob in Defereggen ( T ), Toblach , Welsberg-Taisten|
|Postal code :||39030|
|Area code :||0474|
|Mayor (2015):||Kurti Taschler ( SVP )|
Gsies ([ ɡsiə̯s ]; Italian : Valle di Casies ) is a municipality in the Gsieser Tal , a side valley of the Puster Valley in South Tyrol ( Italy ), which is mainly known for its nature and landscape. In the municipality there are several small village settlements and scattered hamlets and farms with a total of 2325 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019).
In addition to agriculture , tourism is practiced, which secures the livelihood of many mountain farmers . Nonetheless, more than half of the working population are employed outside the community.
The municipality of Gsies occupies the main part of the Gsieser valley , which is traversed by the Gsieser Bach (also called Pidigbach ) and lies in the east of South Tyrol. The Gsieser Tal branches off to the northeast from the Pustertal, which runs in an east-west direction . While its entrance to the valley still belongs to the municipality of Monguelfo-Taisten , the municipality of Gsies extends over a total area of 108.95 km² for the most part and in uninhabited side valleys and the surrounding mountains.
The population inhabits numerous smaller village settlements, hamlets and farmsteads, which are mostly located on the valley floor at heights between 1200 and 1600 m slm . Among the larger settlements in the lower part of the valley include fractions Außerpichl , Inner Pichl , Unterplanken and Oberplanken . In the middle of the valley are the municipal headquarters of St. Martin-Niedertal and St. Magdalena-Niedertal . The highest populated areas are ultimately divided between St. Martin-Obertal and St. Magdalena-Obertal .
Casies is surrounded by ridges of the Villgraten mountains . The section of the ridge, which borders the Antholz Valley in the west and north-west, finds its highest point in the Rote Wand ( 2818 m ) and is structured by the Karbachtal . This is the most important side valley of the Gsieser Tal, its uppermost section, however, already belongs to the neighboring community of Rasen-Antholz . The ridge section in the north above the Gsieser Talschluss forms the border between Italy and Austria and the state of Tyrol . It is divided by the transition to the East Tyrolean Defereggental , the Gsieser Törl ( 2205 m ). The ridge that frames the Gsieser Tal to the east - cut through the Pfoital and the Versell valley - also carries the state border for a long stretch. There it separates Casies from Innervillgraten in the Austrian Villgratental . In the extreme southeast and south of the municipality, the east ridge runs out into a wooded ridge that separates Casies from the Alta Pusteria in the area of Dobbiaco and Niederdorf .
The first documentary mention of Gsies as Gesize is from 1178 - 1189 ; In 1299 the forms Gesiez and Gesiezze are attested. Etymologically, the name can possibly be traced back to “sit” (in the sense of settlement) or “gesiuse” (the hunting noise).
Today's municipality of Gsies was created in 1929 through the forced amalgamation of the previously independent municipalities of Pichl, St. Martin and St. Magdalena. Until 1985 Pichl was the seat of the community. In 1953 the parish hall in Durnwald was rebuilt for the municipal offices. 1985 the seat was moved to St. Martin.
In the municipality there are three primary schools in Pichl, St. Magdalena and St. Martin, which together are connected to the German school district Welsberg of the neighboring municipality.
In the Gsieser Mountains there are a number of managed alpine pastures at an altitude of 1400 to 2000 m, which are open in summer and winter. The alpine pastures can be reached on foot via forest paths.
Alpine pastures of the Gsieser Valley:
- Aschtalm (1950 m) in St. Magdalena
- Kaser Alm (2076 m) in St. Magdalena
- Kradorfer Alm (1704 m) in St. Magdalena
- Messner Hut (1659 m) in St. Magdalena
- Moosalm (1477 m) in St. Magdalena
- Stumpfalm (1968 m) in St. Magdalena
- Uwaldalm (2042 m) in St. Magdalena
- Weissbachalm (2162 m) in St. Magdalena
- Hinterschuher Alm (1862 m) in St. Martin
- Tolder Hut (1940 m) in St. Martin
- Houfahitte (1883 m) in Pichl
The predominant type of rock is old gneiss , some deposits of Antholz granite gneiss can also be found. The Gsieser Tal has an increased radon concentration in parts . The odorless and highly radioactive gas leaks from the ground in some places and often accumulates in the basements of older buildings. In the Gsies primary school, after children complained of headaches , a particularly high level of radon was found.
The so-called Hifflafeste on the Galfallalm are among the most famous Alm festivals in Gsies. The traditional celebrations of the successful Sauschba harvest ( Sauschba = currants ) take place.
Similar to the Sarner , the Gsieser are the subject of many jokes that are comparable to the East Frisian jokes (often simple adaptations of the same). The people of Gsies themselves like to tell jokes about the Villgrater, the inhabitants of the neighboring Villgraten valley . The two valleys of Gsies and Villgraten are now separated by the state border between Austria and Italy . However, the people of Gsies and Villgrater still maintain regular contact with one another.
As in many Alpine regions, which lived more or less in isolation before the era of industrialization and mass tourism, the dialect developed its own local terms. Some of them that are used in the Gsieser Tal are Sauschba (currant), Possl (play), Eare (earth), Nunzn (ants).
A historic farm (the "olte Voadohuibn house") in St. Magdalena provides an insight into the former life on a small mountain farm. Old tools and equipment are shown and guided tours are offered.
Every year on the 3rd Sunday in February, the largest cross-country race in South Tyrol and the second largest cross-country race in Italy, the Gsieser Tal-Lauf , take place.
The natural track toboggan world championship was held here in 1990 and 1994 , as well as the natural track junior world championship in 2002 .
In Gsies, out of necessity, the Böckl was invented, a winter sports device consisting of a wooden frame and a ski with which you can ski down the slopes and toboggan runs. In the past few years the leisure club "Sportfreunde Gsies" organized the biggest and toughest Böckl race in the entire Alpine region with more than 350 participants.
Mayor since 1945:
- Johann Felderer: 1945–1960
- Leonhard Leitgeb: 1960–1985
- Anton Felderer: 1985-2005
- Paul Schwingshackl: 2005-2015
- Kurti Taschler: since 2015
coat of arms
The blazon reads: “In gold, two black rifles placed crosswise against each other ”. The coat of arms goes back to the knights of Gsies, who died out in 1429.
The Pichl district of Gsies has been partnered with the Schwegenheim community in Rhineland-Palatinate , Germany , since 1974 .
Personalities from Casies and the surrounding area
- Father Joachim Haspinger (1776–1858), freedom fighter at the side of Andreas Hofer
- Luis Seiwald (* 1969)
- Erich Schwingshackl , cook (* 1970)
- Magdalena Amhof , politician (SVP) (* 1977)
- Valentin Hintner: The names of the Gsiesser - place, field and personal names , Vienna: Hölder 1909.
- Klaus Fischer: The Gsieser Tal - geographical sketch of a peripheral high valley in South Tyrol . In: Der Schlern 63, 1989, pp. 531-569.
- Josef Sulzenbacher: Churches, chapels, wayside shrines, memorials in the area of Welsberg, Taisten, Gsieser Tal , Monguelfo: Tourist Association 1992.
- Hannes Obermair : The parish archives of St. Magdalena and St. Martin in Gsies . In: Preservation of monuments in South Tyrol 1989/90 , Bozen: Athesia 1995, pp. 333–359.
- Bergbonification Consortium Gsies-Taisten (Ed.): Das Gsieser Tal - a South Tyrolean high valley in the field of tension between tradition and future , Bozen: Pluristamp 1997. (online)
- Esther Stoll: The pre- and post-history of the option in Gsies , Innsbruck 2008.
- Website of the municipality of Casies
- Entry in the Tirol Atlas of the Institute for Geography at the University of Innsbruck
- History-Tyrol: Casies
- ^ Egon Kühebacher : The place names of South Tyrol and their history , Vol. 1, Bozen: Athesia 1995, p. 142. ISBN 88-7014-634-0
- ↑ School district Monguelfo. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network , accessed on October 25, 2014 .
- ↑ The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .
- ↑ Our municipal coat of arms on the homepage of the municipality of Gsies; accessed on August 20, 2018
- ↑ "The partnership was sealed on August 16, 1974 between the then mayors Leonhard Leitgeb from Pichl and Kurt Kaufmann from Schwegenheim" ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved March 9, 2019, 4:10 p.m.