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(Italian: Nalles )
coat of arms
Coat of arms of Nals
Nals in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Burgrave Office
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
1,834 / 1,979
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
90.58% German
8.78% Italian
0.64% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 32 '  N , 11 ° 12'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 32 '  N , 11 ° 12'  E
Altitude : 246– 1750  m slm (center: 321  m slm )
Surface: 12.35 km²
Permanent settlement area: 6.2 km²
Neighboring municipalities: Andrian , Eppan , Gargazon , Terlan , Tesimo , Our Lady in the Walde-St. Felix
Partnership with : Gemünden am Main
Postal code : 39010
Area code : 0471
ISTAT number: 021055
Tax number: 82003170212
Mayor  (2015): Ludwig Busetti ( SVP )

Nals ( Italian : Nalles ) is an Italian municipality in South Tyrol with 1979 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019). The community is nicknamed Weindorf and Rosendorf.



View from the north towards Nals (bottom right of the center of the picture), above the Mendel ridge

The municipality of Nals is located in the Adige Valley between Merano and Bozen on the orographic right , western side of the valley. There it is the southernmost municipality of the modern district community Burggrafenamt , but Nals was not part of the historic Burggrafenamt . The center of the village is around 300  m above sea level on the alluvial cone of the Nalser Bach . Below that, the municipal area extends from the valley floor to the Adige . Behind the village the terrain rises to the central mountain terraces of Sirmian (600- 1000  m in). Nals finds its highest point on the northern foothills of the Mendelkamm at an altitude of around 1750  m .


The Nalser Bach, on whose alluvial cone Nals was built, arises just above the town center from the confluence of the Prissianer and Grissianer Bach. These waters have always been associated with a certain potential for danger. Most recently, in autumn 2001, a large part of the village was flooded by a mudslide from the Grissianer Bach. Despite the considerable extent of the mudslide, there were no casualties. Today two large valley walls, regularly dredged catch basins and a permanent laser monitoring system protect the village.


An administrative curiosity is the district of Schernag at the top of the Nals alluvial cone. Although this has grown together with the center of Nals, it belongs to the neighboring municipality of Tesimo , whose main town is several kilometers away. The residents of Schernag see themselves as Nalsers, as their village life takes place in Nals. There have therefore already been several attempts to connect the district to Nals.


A settlement is already mentioned in the Churrätisches Reichsgutsurbar of 842/43 as "in villa Nalles" . In Nals, silver was mined in two mines . The place was on the Via Claudia Augusta . This is proven by the foundation walls of a Roman-era house discovered in autumn 2005. The excavations have been underway since spring 2006. According to preliminary estimates by experts, it is a building that was inhabited in the 6th or 7th century AD. The house had floor heating. Warm air was passed through a false floor. The house was also equipped with a Roman bathing facility. Furthermore, an apse was discovered, at the northern end of which an intact grave with the skeleton of an approximately 20-year-old woman was uncovered. Among other things, earrings and a glass pearl necklace were found as grave goods.

The lower part of the steeple of the parish church of St. Ulrich is over 700 years old; the patronage itself points to an old center of possession of the bishopric Augsburg in Nals. Furthermore, during the restoration of the parish church in the 1990s, bones were discovered under the church (today accessible through a marble slab). This evidence shows that Nals was settled as early as the 13th century.

Around the middle of the 15th century there is evidence of a church or chapel building consecrated to St. Vigilius , which was later lost; a document from 1451 names the church as "sand Vigily ze Nals" . The veneration of Vigilius is due to the earlier affiliation of the South Tyrolean Adige Valley to Merano with the diocese of Trento , of which St. Vigilius is the patron.


Town hall with fountain

Mayor since 1952:

  • Alois Prantl: 1952-1956
  • Karlerschbamer: 1956–1974
  • Peter Kollmann: 1974-2000
  • Franz Pircher: 2000–2015
  • Ludwig Busetti: since 2015

Culture and sights


Nals clubs

  • Peasant women
  • Peasant youth
  • Fisherman
  • Volunteer firefighter
  • Leisure club
  • Football Club (Landesliga)
  • Hunter
  • Young crowd
  • Bowling club
  • church choir
  • Men's movement
  • Music band
  • equestrian
  • Protect
  • Ski club
  • Sunshine Racers (cycling club)
  • Tennis club
  • Folk dance
  • Yoseikan Budo


Nals lives primarily from agriculture and summer tourism.

wine growing

Nals is officially allowed to call itself Nals on the South Tyrolean Wine Route . Viticulture has a very long tradition in the village. The Heiligenpergl grape variety is only grown in Nals. There is the Nals / Margreid / Entiklar cellar cooperative. The winery cooperative was able to achieve a leap in quality in its wines, primarily through its merger with the Unterlandler ( South Tyrolean Unterland ) winery Margreid / Entiklar .

The Schlosskellerei Schwanburg was another private winery in Nals and was first mentioned in a document in 1286. This made it the oldest private winery in South Tyrol. A few years ago the company was closed. The vineyard's harvest is now delivered to the Nals winery cooperative, where it is mostly cellared and sold under its own line.

Fruit growing

In agriculture, fruit growing , almost exclusively apple growing, is an important economic factor. A few years ago the fruit cooperative merged with a Bolzano cooperative to form the Frubona. Are separated asparagus and, in the fraction Sirmian, strawberries cultivated and Berg artichokes.

Web links

Commons : Nals  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Otto Stolz : Political-historical description of the country of South Tyrol. Part 2: Quarter on the Adige (= Schlern-Schriften 40). Innsbruck 1938, p. 289 in connection with part 1: General and Vintschgau district and Burggrafenamt (= Schlern-Schriften 40). Innsbruck 1937, p. 130.
  2. ^ Elisabeth Meyer-Marthaler, Franz Perret (arrangement): Bündner Urkundenbuch . Volume 1: 390-1199 . Chur: Verlag Bischofberger 1955, p. 388.
  3. ^ Hannes Obermair : Bozen Süd - Bolzano Nord. Written form and documentary tradition of the city of Bozen up to 1500 . tape 2 . City of Bozen, Bozen 2008, ISBN 978-88-901870-1-8 , p. 108-109, No. 1045 .
  4. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .