St. Martin in Thurn

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St. Martin in Thurn
(Lad .: San Martin de Tor , Italian: San Martino in Badia )
coat of arms
Coat of arms of St. Martin in Thurn
St. Martin in Thurn in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Val Pusteria
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
1,733 / 1,754
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
1.82% German
1.47% Italian
96.71% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 41 ′  N , 11 ° 54 ′  E Coordinates: 46 ° 41 ′  N , 11 ° 54 ′  E
Altitude : 1.035– 2909  m slm (center: 1135  m slm )
Surface: 76.34 km²
Permanent settlement area: 7.2 km²
Parliamentary groups : Campill , Pikolein , Antermoia
Neighboring municipalities: Abbey , Brixen , Corvara , Wengen , Lüsen , Enneberg , St. Christina in Val Gardena , Selva di Val Gardena , Villnöß
Postal code : 39030
Area code : 0474
ISTAT number: 021082
Tax number: 81005890215
Mayor  (2017): Giorgio Costabiei

San Martino in Badia ( Ladin San Martin de Tor , Italian San Martino in Badia ) is next to Corvara , Abbey (Ladin Badia ), Wengen (Ladin La Val ) and Mareo (Ladin Mareo ) of the five Ladin municipalities of the Val Badia in South Tyrol Dolomites ( Italy ) and has 1754 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019). Above the town center is the Ladin Ćiastel de Tor museum in the Thurn Castle complex . The Istitut Ladin "Micurà de Rü" is located in the village itself .

St. Martin, the main town in the parish


The 76.34 km² large municipality of St. Martin in Thurn, counted as a Ladin , can be divided into three parts. It extends over a relatively small section of the central Gadertal ( Val Badia ), as well as two side valleys branching off from the Gadertal to the southwest: the elongated Campilltal ( Val de Lungiarü ) and most of the Untermoal ( Val d'Antermëia ). The population is divided among the four major village settlements St. Martin (1120- 1150  m slm , San Martin ), Piccolino (1100- 1120  m , picoline ), Longiarù (1380- 1410  m , Lungiarü ) and Untermoi (1490- 1530  m , Antermëia ), as well as numerous hamlets ( viles ) typical of the area .

The section of the middle Gadertal belonging to St. Martin in Thurn extends on both sides of the Gader ( Gran Ega ). On the western side of the valley, below Thurn Castle ( Ćiastel de Tor ), but elevated above the valley floor on a terrace, is the main town of the municipality, St. Martin. On the eastern side of the valley, leaning against the northernmost, wooded foothills of the Fanes group, lies the Pikolein fraction .

The Campill Valley, in the middle of which is the village of Campill, leads deep into the high mountain regions of the Dolomites , which are largely protected in the Puez-Geisler Nature Park . While on its east side only a wooded ridge separates the valley from the sections of the Val Badia belonging to Wengen ( La Val ) and Abtei ( Badia ), over 2900  m high peaks of the Geisler group and the Puez group rise above the southwestern valley head . In the latter are the Puez peaks (2918 and 2913  m , Pizes de Puez ) and the Piz Duleda ( 2909  m ), the highest points in the municipality. On its western flank, the Campilltal is framed by the Peitlerkofel group , the peaks of which are distributed between the communities of St. Martin in Thurn and Villnöß : the eponymous main peak, the Peitlerkofel ( 2875  m , Sass de Pütia ), is only too close to St. Martin smaller parts of the eastern ridge of the Afer Geisler .

The Untermoital, parts of which belong to the northern neighboring municipality of Enneberg ( Mareo ), separates the Peitlerkofel group from the gently pronounced Lüsner Mountains and ends via Untermoi on the Würzjoch ( 1982  m , Ju de Börz ). In the area of ​​the yoke, the municipality also protrudes westward into the Lüsner valley head to the Lasanke , northward to the first heights of the Lüsner Alm .

St. Martin in Thurn can be reached all year round from the north via the Gadertalstraße, which starts in the Pustertal in the Bruneck region . The opening of the pass road over the Würzjoch, which connects the community with the Eisack valley in the Brixen area via the Afer valley, depends on the snow conditions .


Seres farm group in Campill

In the Museum Ladin at Thurn Castle, the history of Ladin culture is presented, according to which the origin of the place Sankt Martin can be traced back to Roman times according to the assumptions of Lois Craffonara .

The Romans had a standardized route plan for rural settlements of the type of three by three, i.e. a total of nine squares. Since this measure is known archaeologically from other places, one can check whether Sankt Martin in Thurn, for example, was created according to such a plan. Allegedly, from a bird's eye view, the individual paths and some striking points of St. Martin can be assigned to such a square pattern. This is made more difficult, however, by the fact that part of this presumed square pattern was destroyed by a landslide in the Middle Ages. The designation " Quadra " for this floor division is said to have been used initially as a name for the settlement and finally for the entire Gadertal; accordingly, today's name “Gader”, formerly “Kaidra”, comes from a settlement based on the Roman model, at least according to this theory. However, recent research has contradicted these assumptions and pointed to the Carolingian - and thus early medieval - method of field surveying in the Tyrolean Alpine region, which also led to quadra-like divisions.

The place comes into the light of the written documented history with the court group Seres first documented in 1177 as "Cerre" ; she was part of that of Pope Alexander III. possessions confirmed to the Augustinian canons of Neustift near Brixen .

St. Martin was until the end of the First World War for the judicial district Enneberg and was part of the district Brunico . In 1919, like South Tyrol as a whole, it was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy .

In 1930 Campill (Lad. Lungiarü ) and Wengen were connected to St. Martin in Thurn and Welschellen ( Rina ) to Enneberg . While Wengen formed its own community from 1965, Campill stayed with St. Martin in Thurn.


Municipal Council (2015)
A total of 15 seats
  • Antermeia : 3
  • Ciastel : 7
  • Lungiarü : 5

Mayor since 1946:

  • Giuseppe Tavella: 1946-1956
  • Giuseppe Videsott: 1956-1960
  • Giuseppe Tavella: 1960-1964
  • Guglielmo Clara: 1965-1969
  • Serafino Frenner: 1969-1970
  • Guglielmo Clara: 1970-1972
  • Peter Castlunger: 1974–1981
  • Pepi Dejaco: 1982-2010
  • Heinrich Videsott: 2010–2017
  • Giorgio Costabiei: since 2017


In the municipality of St. Martin in Thurn there are three primary schools in St. Martin, in Campill and "Vijo Pupp" in Untermoi, as well as the middle school in St. Martin. These are all connected to the Ladin school district of the neighboring municipality of Enneberg.


Architectural monuments

Bad Valdander

If you drive from St. Martin past the castle towards Antermoia, you will pass a junction to the left to the Bad Valdander spa . The "Bauernbadl" is located at an altitude of 1443  m above sea level. NN . The name is traced back to Val d'Ander or Höhlental (Latin antrum = cave). The water was probably used as medicinal water in rock grottos centuries ago. The current bath was laid out in 1820 with a chapel. The water comes from layers of Bellerophon , from tufa-like rocks. It is said to be effective against rheumatism , gout , bleaching, blood flow, anemia , congestion in the airways, muscle and nerve diseases, chronic rashes and ulcers . There is now a bathing building from the 1970s. The old bath building has been renovated.


Web links

Commons : St. Martin in Thurn  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Irmtraut Heitmeier: " Quadrafluren " in Tyrol - relics from Roman times? In: VIS IMAGINVM. Festschrift for Elisabeth Walde . Innsbruck 2005, ISBN 3-200-00267-0
  2. Martin Bitschnau , Hannes Obermair : Tiroler Urkundenbuch, II. Department: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys. Volume 2: 1140-1200 . Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 2012, ISBN 978-3-7030-0485-8 , p. 255-257, No. 724 .
  3. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .
  4. ^ School district St. Vigil Enneberg. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network , accessed on October 25, 2014 .