|(ital: Perca )|
|coat of arms||map|
|Region :||Trentino-South Tyrol|
|Province :||Bolzano - South Tyrol|
|District community :||Val Pusteria|
(VZ 2001 / December 31, 2019)
|1,461 / 1,598|
Language groups :
(according to 2001 census )
|Altitude :||892–(center: )|
|Permanent settlement area:||4.0 km²|
|Parliamentary groups :||Aschbach, Nasen , Litschbach , Oberwielenbach, Platten, Unterwielenbach, Wielenberg|
|Neighboring municipalities:||Bruneck , Gais , Rasen-Antholz , Sand in Taufers|
|Partnership with :||Percha|
|Postal code :||39030|
|Area code :||0474|
|Mayor (2015):||Joachim Reinalter ( SVP )|
Percha ([ ˈpɛrça ]; Italian Perca ) is an Italian municipality with 1598 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in the immediate vicinity of Bruneck in the east of South Tyrol . The center of the main town is in the Pustertal at altitude of about .
The municipality of Percha, 30.28 km² in size, occupies only a small part of the Pustertal valley, which runs in an east-west direction. Most of the total area extends in the mountain area northeast of it, which is largely protected in the Rieserferner-Ahrn Nature Park . The Rienz forms the southern border in the Puster Valley. Apart from the main town, the population is divided into seven factions .
The village settlements are concentrated in the Puster Valley. The capital of the municipality, Percha (950- of Brunico expands. East of the series are according to the fractions under Wielenbach (940- ), Litschbach (950- ), and - at the border to Anterselva - lugs (1000- ).), located on a plateau on the eastern edge of the so-called Brunecker widening , in the nearby town
The Rieserferner Group rises northeast above the valley floor . Of sub Wielenbach from the elongate rises Wielental uphill in which Oberwielenbach (1340- ) is located. Above the head of the valley, Percha reaches its highest point on the Black Wall ( ). Lie at the Wielental east limiting slopes Wielenberg (1120- ) and slightly higher plates (1400- ). Above lugs located Aschbach (1320- ).
The area of Percha Ort was already settled in Roman times, as evidenced by a milestone near the church. Opposite the fire station , finds were made from a small settlement from Roman times. The Roman road between Percha and Unterwielenbach was of course already a road route in Roman times . The first settlement of significant proportions most likely took place by the Bavarians when they settled the middle Pustertal between the 7th and 9th centuries.
The Perchiner Church is dedicated to St. Consecrated to Kassian . It has a Gothic reticulated vault . On its outer wall there is a fresco of St. Christophorus , painted by Simon von Taisten . Gasthof Engelberger in the center of the village looks back on a long history and is even a listed building. In the parliamentary groups there are several listed buildings , exclusively rural and church architecture.
The name of the municipality was first mentioned in 1189 and 1307 in the variations "Pircha", "Pirchach" and "Perchach". The mention "Perhchach / Perchah" in the Freising tradition book from the 2nd half of the 9th century, referring to Percha in older literature or in local history writings, is based on the findings of recent research, however, to Hohenbercha or Appercha ( Freising district ). The etymological provenance of the word could be the Old High German word for birch (Gothic berkja , Old High German birka ). The older forms of the name Pirchach and Perchach allow further assumptions. The suffix -ach in the Old Bavarian region indicates a connection to botany in many place names , which is why Perchach could have emerged from * berkach. This would then mean something like birch forest . -ach can also stand for the proximity to a stream, so birch forest near the stream would also be imaginable.
From a linguistic point of view, the original * berkaha became the "Perchach" documented in 1187 in the course of the second sound shift (/ * b / → / p / and / * k / → / x /) and through the change from -aha to -ach, and finally through Apokope of the sound / x / today's Percha.
Alternatively, there is also the assumption that the first part of the word could go back to the Old High German berc , which with the suffix -ach means something like mountain and stream and indicates the embedding of the place between the Wielenberg and the Rienz river . These are hypotheses. In any case, it is quite certain that the origin of the name must lie with the words birch, brook and / or mountain.
Mayor since 1952:
- Anton Zingerle: 1952–1958
- Franz Kostner: 1958–1960
- Josef Mayr: 1960–1964
- Gottfried Niederwolfsgruber: 1964–2002
- Joachim Reinalter: since 2003
Results municipal council elections 2015:
- South Tyrolean People's Party - 73.5% - 11 seats
- The Freedom - 26.5% - 4 seats
On June 27, 2019, due to the previous cancellation of the funds for the planned bypass road by the state party leadership, all SVP municipal councils announced their final withdrawal from the party.
Important branches of the economy in the municipality are tourism with around 15,000 overnight stays in the summer and winter half-year, as well as agriculture and forestry in particular in the mountain fractions.
Percha has a train station on the Pustertalbahn ( Percha-Kronplatz stop ). The Pustertal State Road (State Road 49) and Oberwielenbacher Road (State Road 148, continued through Gemeindestraße 63.4) lead through the village. Percha is connected to the Kronplatz ski area by a cable car with a valley station right next to the station building . You can return to the valley via the Ried ski slope .
- Johann Passler (Ed.): Percha in the Pustertal . Percha 1991 ( online ).
- Entry in the Tirol Atlas of the Institute for Geography at the University of Innsbruck
- Landscape plan of the municipality of Percha . Office for Landscape Ecology, Autonomous Province of Bolzano - South Tyrol (PDF file)
- Site of the municipality of Percha
- A Brief History of the City. City of Bruneck, accessed on January 29, 2019 .
- AA.VV .: Nomi d'Italia . Ed .: Istituto Geografico De Agostini. Novara 2004.
- Martin Bitschnau , Hannes Obermair : Tiroler Urkundenbuch, II. Department: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys. Volume 1: By the year 1140 . Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 2009, ISBN 978-3-7030-0469-8 , p. 325, nos. 8-9 .
- Ibid., AA.VV.
- The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .
- Percha - List votes 2015 Autonomous Region Trentino - South Tyrol on the municipal elections 2015 from 10 to 24 May 2015, accessed on October 2, 2018.
- stol it Südtirol Online Italy: Percha: SVP councilors resign from party. June 28, 2019, accessed June 28, 2019 .
- Bruneck School District I. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network , accessed on October 25, 2014 .