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(Italian Ponte Gardena , Ladin Pruca )
coat of arms
Waidbruck coat of arms
Waidbruck in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Eisack Valley
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
81.40% German
13.37% Italian
5.23% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 36 '  N , 11 ° 32'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 36 '  N , 11 ° 32'  E
Altitude : 450– 920  m slm (center: 470  m slm )
Surface: 2.3 km²
Permanent settlement area: 0.5 km²
Neighboring municipalities: Kastelruth , Barbian , Laion
Postal code : 39040
Area code : 0471
ISTAT number: 021065
Tax number: 94055150216
Mayor  (2014): Oswald Rabanser ( SVP )

Ponte Gardena ([ vaɪ̯tbrʊk ]; Italian Ponte Gardena , Ladin Pruca ) is in the lower Eisacktal preferred Italian community in South Tyrol with 191 inhabitants (December 31, 2019).

Waidbruck is the third smallest in terms of area (only Kuens and Kurtinig are smaller) and the smallest municipality in South Tyrol in terms of inhabitants.


The small village center of Waidbruck is located in the lower Eisack valley at the gorge-like exit of the Val Gardena, which tapers from the east . At an altitude of 470  m, it occupies the narrow valley floor directly at the mouth of the Grödner Bach in the Eisack . These two rivers form the northern and western municipal boundaries. Otherwise, the community area of ​​only 2.3 km² is limited to the mostly wooded, steep slopes that accompany the Grödner Bach up the valley on the orographic left side and the Eisack down a short distance from the center of the village .


Waidbruck is primarily accessible for road traffic via the SS 12 and SS 242 . The SS 12 runs on the orographic right side of the Eisack in the Barbian municipality and is connected to the Waidbruck town center via a bridge. This bridge also marks the beginning of the SS 242, which opens up from Waidbruck to Val Gardena . In addition, the municipal area is crossed by the A22, which is raised above the valley floor, and the Brenner Railway . The latter reached from Bolzano Coming just south of the town center the output of the Schlern tunnel and provides a few meters north of the village center on already in the neighboring village of Lajen nearby train station Ponte Gardena-Lajen an access site .


The history of Waidbruck begins as early as the 1st century when the Roman road station Sublavio , named on the Tabula Peutingeriana , was built around a bridge . The settlement was not only a traffic junction, but also marked the border between Italy and the Norikum . After the 5th century this settlement is no longer mentioned, but there are indications that it continued to exist in the early Middle Ages.

The Trostburg

Around 1173 the Trostburg was built above Waidbruck. It probably served to secure the bridgehead. Even then, Waidbruck was a transit point and resting place for travelers and pilgrims . Today's community was originally a Malgrei of the market town of Castelrotto , and the Trostburg was the seat of a sideline of the Lords of Villanders .

In the later Middle Ages, the expansion of the Kuntersweg, which made the Eisack Gorge passable, replaced Waidbruck in economic terms by Kollmann , as the path led around Waidbruck.

On November 4, 1809, a battle between Tyrolean freedom fighters and French soldiers took place under the leadership of the Napoleonic General Peyri in the vicinity of the Starzer Bridge in Waidbruck. The French lost about 400 men in the process, and the bridge was then set on fire and destroyed by the Tyroleans. This battle is shown very dramatically in a painting by the Viennese painter Balthasar Wiegand (in the armory of the Tyrolean Regional History Museum ).

It was not until the 19th century that the town gained in importance with the construction of the Brenner Railway and Grödner Strasse . The Waidbruck station became the most important trading point in the lower Eisack valley.

In 1938 the fascist government erected a larger than life equestrian statue in front of the Montecatini power station opposite Waidbruck with the facial features of Mussolini and the inscription Al Genio del Fascismo (The Genius of Fascism), which in 1945 was changed to Al Genio del lavoro italiano (The Genius of Italian Labor ). On the night of January 30th to 31st, 1961, activists of the South Tyrol Liberation Committee blew up the monument, known in South Tyrol as the Aluminum Duce , in an attack.


Municipal Council (2015)
A total of 12 seats

Mayor since 1952:

  • Alois Mayr: 1952–1974
  • Alois Rabanser: 1974–1990
  • Norbert Merler: 1990-2010
  • Oswald Rabanser: since 2010


Web links

Commons : Waidbruck  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  • Oswald Bauer (Red.): Waidbruck village book: 750 years (1264–2014). Waidbruck: Municipal administration 2014 (without ISBN).

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Edgar Moroder: Tirol 1809 in Ladinien, especially in Val Gardena. A contribution to the Tyrolean commemorative year 2009 from Ladinia . Self-published, Ortisei in Val Gardena 2009.
  2. ^ Image of the "Aluminum-Duce" (destroyed by BAS in 1961) in the Italian-language Wikipedia
  3. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .