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(Italian: Valdaora )
coat of arms
Coat of arms of Olang
Olang in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Val Pusteria
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
3.115 / 3.170
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
96.47% German
3.18% Italian
0.34% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 46 ′  N , 12 ° 2 ′  E Coordinates: 46 ° 46 ′  N , 12 ° 2 ′  E
Altitude : 981– 2567  m slm (center: 1048  m slm )
Surface: 48.95 km²
Permanent settlement area: 9.0 km²
Parliamentary groups : Geiselsberg , Mitterolang, Niederolang, Oberolang
Neighboring municipalities: Bruneck , Enneberg , Braies , Rasen-Antholz , Welsberg-Taisten
Postal code : 39030
Area code : 0474
ISTAT number: 021106
Tax number: 81003030210
Mayor  (2015): Georg Speeches ( SVP )

Olang ([ ˈoˑlaŋ ]; Italian Valdaora , dialect Oaling ) is an Italian municipality with 3170 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) near Bruneck in the east of South Tyrol . The center of the village is around 1080  m above sea level .


View from the north on Olang: in the foreground right Mitterolang, left Oberolang; in the background from left to right Piz da Peres, Furkelpass and Kronplatz

The municipality of Olang is located in the Pustertal, which runs from east to west . Their main settlement areas are in the Olanger Basin, a valley widening east of Bruneck . To the south of it, the 48.95 km² municipal area rises to the mountains of the Dolomites and the Braies Dolomites .

Among the fields and fields of the valley floor lie in close proximity - from northwest to southeast - the three fractions Niederolang (980- 1040  m slm ), Mitterolang (1040- 1060  m ) and Oberolang (1050- 1100  m ). The Rienza , which flows past to the north, forms in parts the municipal boundary to Rasen-Antholz . To the east of the three villages is the Olang reservoir ( 1055  m ) , which partly belongs to the neighboring community of Welsberg-Taisten .

To the southwest the terrain rises to Kronplatz ( 2275  m to), on whose side facing Olang slopes of the small center of the fraction Geiselsberg (1340- 1410  m ) and further Weiler and farms are scattered. To the south of the Olang Basin, the area rises to form a mountain range separated from Plan de Corones by the Furkel Pass ( 1789  m ). This carries, among other things, the Piz da Peres ( 2507  m ) and the Dreifingerspitze ( 2479  m ) and is part of the Fanes-Sennes-Braies Nature Park .

Olang is accessible to road traffic via the Pustertalstrasse . There is also a pass road over the Furkel Pass into the south-west of Enneberg and further into Val Badia . Olang also has a train station on the Pustertalbahn .



Municipal Council (2015)
A total of 18 seats

Mayor since 1952:

  • Michael Messner: 1952–1956
  • Josef Jud: 1956–1974
  • Hermann Zingerle: 1974–1980
  • Herbert Jesacher: 1980–1991
  • Alfred Jud: 1991-2004
  • Annelies Schenk: 2004–2010
  • Reinhard Bachmann: 2010–2015
  • Georg Reden: since 2015

coat of arms

In silver, a green diagonal bar with three gold wagon wheels. The green bar shows the ascending corridor in which the three places Nieder-, Mitter- and Oberolang are located, denoted by the three wagon wheels. The award was made by decree of the regional government of Trentino-Alto Adige on January 10, 1968.


View of the Braies Dolomites from the Olang / Antholz train station
View of Bad Bergfall and the Langtal from the Lapedurscharte

Between 985 and 993, Olang was first mentioned as "Ôlaga" in the tradition book of the Brixen monastery . According to linguist Egon Kühebacher , the name is of Celtic origin and means "possession of an aulos". Between 1142 and 1155 the name form "Olagen" was attested in the tradition book of the Augustinian monastery Neustift near Brixen . Between 1052 and 1062 the district of Mitterolang was named in the tradition book of Weihenstephan Monastery as "Mittirnǒlag" . In 1460 the “Spitzige Stöckl” was erected in the hallways of Olang as a memorial to commemorate the 1448 plague .

In 1809 there was a popular uprising against the French and Bavaria, the rifle lieutenant Peter Sigmayr was executed on January 14, 1810 as a rebel. The Pustertal Railway was built in 1871 as part of the network of the Austrian Southern Railway Company , which had positive effects on the beginning tourism. Around 1900, Olang experienced an economic boom, the first tourist successes were due to the Bergfall and Schartl spas and some innkeepers. A major fire in 1904 destroyed almost the entire village of Mitterolang. In 1910 the Peter Sigmayr monument, a sandstone sculpture by Hans Piffrader , was inaugurated.

The first lift system of the "Olanger Seilbahnen AG" was built in 1966 on Kronplatz . In 1971 the Luge World Championships took place on the artificial track in Olang, in the same year the congress house was built. The Fanes-Senes-Braies Nature Park was established in 1980. In 2000, a toboggan world championship took place on the Olang natural track.


There are two kindergartens in Mitterolang and Niederolang. The range of primary schools includes facilities in Niederolang, Oberolang and Geiselsberg. The community middle school is located in Mitterolang . The three primary schools and the middle school, together with the four primary schools in the neighboring community of Rasen-Antholz, form the German-speaking school district of Olang. There is also a German-language music school in Mitterolang.

The public library Olang is located in Mitterolang , which has a large inventory of books, magazines and new media as well as public internet workstations.


The Marienkirche Oberolang dates back to the 15th century, its current appearance can be traced back to renovations (most recently around 1900). The Egidius Church in Mitterolang was built in 1138. It contains a number of important works of art from the late Gothic period : the high altar picture with the Adoration of the Magi and the Christophorus fresco on the outer wall are by the Bruneck painter Friedrich Pacher ; the frescoes on the left nave wall ( Last Supper , John on Patmos , Saints Peter and Paul ) were painted in 1481 by Friedrich Pacher's pupil Simon von Taisten . Other churches in Olang are the neo-Gothic church of St. Wolfgang in Geiselsberg and the parish church in Niederolang . In 1907 the construction of the current parish church began; this baroque reconstruction is an extension of the old Romanesque and Gothic parish church.

The Peter Sigmayr monument and the Peter Sigmayr memorial chapel in Mitterolang commemorate the freedom fighter from Olang. The village also has a sulfur spring and the Schornsteig nature trail. The Peststöckl is reminiscent of the plague of 1543.


Thanks to the Panorama toboggan run, Olang is internationally known as a tobogganing stronghold. The Olang sports club was founded in 1952. A big event for SC Olang were the world championships of artificial track tobogganing , which were held in Olang in 1971. The European championships were also held three times in the 1970s and 1980s . They made a name for themselves in the tobogganing scene. After further natural track tobogganing world cups and the 2000 World Championship, the European natural track tobogganing championship was held from February 15 to 17, 2008.

In March 2005 the first Bock World Championships took place on Kronplatz, in 2013 this spectacle was held for the second time in Olang. The Rennböckl (also Rennbock or Bock) is a vehicle that was invented in Olang and consists of a seat plate with two side-mounted handles that is mounted on a kind of runner or on a cut ski. It is controlled simply by shifting your weight or with your legs.

In February 2014 the action-packed Red Bull Skicross took place for the third time on the Olang side of the Kronplatz.

The Olang sports facilities include a public outdoor swimming pool, four tennis courts, two soccer fields (grass and artificial turf) and a driving range for golfers. Olang also has a beach volleyball field, two riding stables, a fitness trail, the Nordic Walking Park "Kronplatz-Dolomiti" and a 3D archery parkour.


  • Alpine Club Olang
  • "Bohemian" Peter Sigmair
  • Olang home theater
  • Girls singing group Olang (1980–1981)
  • Music band Peter Sigmair
  • Environment group Olang
  • ASC Olang

Civil defense organizations

  • Fire brigade Oberolang
  • Mitterolang fire department
  • Niederolang fire brigade
  • Geiselsberg fire department
  • Mountain Rescue Valdaora (AVS)



  • Theobald Innerhofer: Olang: A community through the ages . Brunico 1984.
  • Hannes Obermair : Endangered cultural property on site: archive report from Geiselsberg, municipality of Olang . In: Monument Preservation in South Tyrol 1996 . Bozen: Athesia 1997, pp. 173-184.
  • Helmut Stampfer : Simon von Taisten and Friedrich Pacher: Reflections on new finds in Olang . In: Der Schlern 81, 2007, pp. 40–47.
  • Francesco Pozzato: Olang: Impression Railway . Bolzano: Athesia 2007. ISBN 978-88-6011-070-1 .
  • Reinhard Bachmann: Festschrift for the 50th anniversary of the AVS section Olang (1958–2008) . Olang 2008.
  • Claudia Plaikner, Christian Egger: 100 years of the “Peter Sigmair” band in Olang (1908–2008) . Olang 2008.
  • Birgit Herkula: Long, oh long, my Olang - outside views of a village in South Tyrol. Brixen: Weger 2014. ISBN 978-88-6563-103-4

Individual evidence

  1. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .
  2. ^ Oswald Redlich : The traditional books of the Brixen monastery from the tenth to the fourteenth century (Acta Tirolensia 1). Wagner: Innsbruck 1886, p. 8, No. 17.
  3. ^ Egon Kühebacher : The place names of South Tyrol and their history , vol. 1. Athesia: Bozen 1995, p. 293f.
  4. ^ Max Schrott: Liber testamentorum conventus Neocellensis . Bolzano 1967, No. 11, 35.
  5. Martin Bitschnau , Hannes Obermair : Tiroler Urkundenbuch, II. Department: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys. Vol. 1: Up to the year 1140 . Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 2009, ISBN 978-3-7030-0469-8 , p. 198 No. 220 .
  6. ^ Olang school district. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network , accessed on October 25, 2014 .
  7. ^ WorldCat Identities: girls singing group Olang

Web links

Commons : Olang  - collection of images, videos and audio files