|(Italian: San Genesio Atesino )|
|coat of arms||map|
|Region :||Trentino-South Tyrol|
|Province :||Bolzano - South Tyrol|
|District community :||Salten-Schlern|
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
|2,937 / 3,074|
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
|Permanent settlement area:||13.7 km²|
|Parliamentary groups :||Afing , Flaas, Glaning , Jenesien , Nobls|
|Neighboring municipalities:||Bozen , Mölten , Renon , Terlan , Sarntal|
|Partnership with :||Feldkirchen-Westerham (Germany)|
|Postal code :||39050|
|Area code :||0471|
|Mayor (2015):||Paul Romen ( SVP )|
The municipality of Jenesien extends over the southern part of the Tschögglberg , a ridge of the Sarntal Alps that rises between the Etschtal and the Sarntal . It includes two villages, several hamlets and numerous farmsteads, which are spread over the middle mountainous area , which is characterized by forests and meadows. In contrast to the other Tschögglberg municipalities, the municipality of Jenesien also reaches valley areas: In the east the Talfer in the Sarner Gorge forms the municipality boundary for several kilometers, in the southwest a narrow strip of area near the church of St. Cosmas and Damian briefly touches the bottom of the Adige Valley.
The main town of Jenesien is located at Bozen valley basin. The second village settlement, Afing , is located above sea level in the east above the Sarner Gorge. The farms of the hamlet of Glaning (divided into Oberglaning and Unterglaning) are scattered at altitudes between 700 and on the slopes above the Adige Valley. In the northeast of the municipality is the Salten , which is characterized by the alternation of pastures, mountain meadows and scattered larches . In the area of this cultural landscape lie the scattered settlement of Nobls and, a little further north at altitude of , the small village of Flaas .altitude of in the south of the municipality high above the
The name Jenesiens comes from the soldier saint Genesius of Rome , the patron saint of the parish church of the place, and is first documented in 1186 as "Mons sancti Genesii" (Jenesienberg). The settlement is in total Tyrolean Urbar Count Meinhard II. Of 1288 as "sand Gene Sien" named because of the sovereign possessed here on taxable property. The parish of Jenesien has been incorporated into the Augustinian Canons' Monastery of Au - the later Muri-Gries Abbey - since 1328 . In the 12th century, the Bolzano Counts von Morit-Greifenstein set up the “court uf sand Genesienperch” based at Greifenstein Castle .
The economic ties with the central town of Bolzano also seem to have been very intense since the High Middle Ages. In research it is assumed that the Genesius market attested since 1208 in Bozen, one of the dates of the annual masses there , goes back to the old church market in Jenesien as a direct precursor.
During the Tyrolean battles in the anti-Napoleonic revolts of 1797 and 1809, there were armed forces around the Jenesiener height position.
The predominant character of a mountain village until the new road was built in the 1980s was lost over time; In the last few decades the place has grown strongly due to the influx from Bolzano .
Earth pyramids exist about 3 km northwest of the main town (near Nobls, ) . Compared to those on the Ritten , however, there are fewer, and they also have a squat shape. Other sights are the Jenesiener church tower and the adjacent village square.
Economy and Infrastructure
The economy of Jenesien is closely tied to the nearby city of Bolzano. Jenesien has been promoting tourists together with Bozen for years. There are some hotels, inns, guest houses and, more recently, farms that accommodate guests. In addition, Jenesien has lively day tourism due to its proximity to Bolzano and its easy accessibility.
Many farms deliver the milk they produce to Bozen, the largest South Tyrolean milk producer, Mila . Fruit, wine and vegetables are also grown. The Raiffeisenkasse Bozen operates a branch in Jenesien.
From Bolzano there is a well-developed road to Jenesien. At the beginning of the 1980s, this road replaced the old road that could not be used by heavy vehicles. Many Jenesier commute to work in Bolzano every day; Many craftsmen are also given jobs in Bolzano and the surrounding area.
The Jenesien cable car has been connecting the main town with Bozen since 1937 . For many years the cable car was the only means of public transport. The 156 bus also provides a connection to Bolzano.
Mayor since 1945:
- Alois Gamper: 1945-1977
- Alois Plattner: 1977-1995
- Oswald Egger: 1995-2010
- Paul Romen: since 2010
- Homepage of the municipality of Jenesien
- Landscape plan of the municipality of Jenesien . Office for Landscape Ecology, Autonomous Province of Bolzano - South Tyrol (PDF file)
- Entry in the Tirol Atlas of the Institute for Geography at the University of Innsbruck
- Jenesien am Tschögglberg: Landscape - History - Culture - Art. 2 volumes. Edited by Harald Toniatti u. a. Lana: Tappeiner 2012.
- Franz Huter (ed.), Hanns Bachmann: Handbook of historical sites . Band: Austria. Part 2: Alpine countries with South Tyrol (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 279). 2nd, revised edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-520-27902-9 , p. 575.
- Oswald Zingerle (Ed.): Meinhards II. Urbare der Grafschaft Tirol. (= Fontes Rerum Austriacarum, Diplomataria et acta 55 / I). Vienna 1890, p. 123, no. 150 and 161.
- Hannes Obermair : Bolzano documents of the Middle Ages and the establishment of the urban settlement Bolzano . In: Bolzano from the beginning to the demolition of the city wall. Reports of the international study conference in Maretsch Castle . Publishing house Athesia, Bozen 1991, ISBN 88-7014-559-X , p. 159–190, reference p. 171 .
- The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .