Ortisei in Val Gardena

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ortisei in Val Gardena
(Lad .: Urtijëi , Italian: Ortisei )
coat of arms
Coat of arms of Ortisei in Val Gardena
Ortisei in Val Gardena in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Salten-Schlern
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
4,659 / 4,864
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
09.30% German
0 6.51% Italian
84.19% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 34 ′  N , 11 ° 40 ′  E Coordinates: 46 ° 34 ′  N , 11 ° 40 ′  E
Altitude : 1125– 2518  m slm (center: 1236  m slm )
Surface: 24.25 km²
Permanent settlement area: 2.8 km²
Neighboring municipalities: Castelrotto , Laion , St. Christina in Val Gardena , Villnöß
Postal code : 39046
Area code : 0471
ISTAT number: 021061
Tax number: 00232480210
Mayor  (2015): Tobia Moroder
Ortisei seen from the southwest
Sankt Ulrich from northwest with Sella massif and Langkofel group in the background

Ortisei in Val Gardena ( Ladin Urtijëi ? / I , Italian Ortisei ) is an Italian market town and the capital of Val Gardena in South Tyrol with 4864 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019). Audio file / audio sample

Ortisei belongs together with Santa Cristina and Selva Gardena to the Gardena three municipalities where alongside German and Italian and Ladin official language. The vast majority of the residents of Ortisei declared themselves to be part of the Ladin language group in the 2011 census .


The Ladin name Urtijëi and the Italian equivalent Ortisei go back to a farm in the settlement center called Ortiseyt , which has been documented since the 13th century and is named after 1497 in Bozen documents ( "Hanns von Ortiseit" ). The farm appears in later documents under the name Mauriz and is now one of the oldest hotels in the valley. The German name St. Ulrich, on the other hand, goes back to the Catholic parish of the place, which is consecrated to St. Ulrich , the patron saint of the place, but also the apparition of the Lord . The Ulrichspatrozinium - a typical property display - also contains a reminiscence of the medieval possessions of the episcopal church in Augsburg in the Eisack Valley and Gardena region.


Ortisei lies roughly in the middle of the Val Gardena ( Gherdëina ), which runs in an east-west direction . The to Ladinien projected municipal area is 24.25 square kilometers, but includes only the orographic right (northern) side of the valley to the center (1170- 1350  m slm ) and behind upstanding heights. The left (southern) side of the valley on the other side of the Grödner Bach ( Derjon ), with the villages of Bulla ( Bula ), Runggaditsch ( Runcadic ) and Überwasser ( Sureghes ), belongs to the municipality of Castelrotto - although Ladin-speaking and economically and culturally clearly oriented towards Val Gardena ( Ćiastel ). The same applies to the Alpe di Siusi ( Mont Sëuc ) and Puflatsch ( Bulacia ) rising south behind the villages .

The lint de Grialëces - a brook draining the Innerraschötzer Alm

North and northeast are above the valley floor of Ortisei western foothills of the Dolomites counting Odle . In the northeast, the municipality on the Seceda ( 2519  m , Secëda ) reaches its highest point. South of the Seceda, the Pitschberg ( 2363  m , Pic ) pushes into the Val Gardena. The Raschötzer ridge begins to the west of the Seceda, a large part of which is under protection in the Puez-Geisler Nature Park . This carries the alpine pastures of Innerraschötz and Ausraschötz at its highest elevations.

In the west, Ortisei borders the Eisack Valley community of Laion , in the north on Villnöß , in the east on St. Christina, which is higher in the valley .


Ortisei in Val Gardena around 1856 in a lithograph by Johann Burgauner , colored by Josef Moroder Lusenberg

Since the 17th century, a large part of the population in Ortisei has been active in the field of wood carving , sacred sculpture , altar construction and the wooden toy industry. In the second half of the 19th century, Ortisei was first discovered by mountaineers like Paul Grohmann . Emil Terschak , who lived in the village from 1893 to 1900, gave decisive impetus to winter tourism .

The Val Gardena handicrafts are well known , especially wood carving . Ortisei has been an international center for wood carving for over two centuries. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the sacred art of wood carving reached its artistic and economic climax at the art school founded by Ferdinand Demetz in Ortisei and also because of the training of several people from Val Gardena at the academies in Vienna and Munich. As a result of the Second Vatican Council , sacred sculpture in Ortisei suffered a serious setback. Only mostly machine-carved small sculptures have been sold since the 1960s, mainly in German-speaking countries and the USA.

Until 1960 the place was connected to Klausen by the Val Gardena Railway . The Val Gardena Railway was mainly built by Russian prisoners of war who were used as slave labor in the First World War.

In 1970, Ortisei was the venue for the Alpine Ski World Championships .


year Language groups
Ladin German Italian
1971 77.23% 18.57% 9.20%
1981 84.35% 10.26% 5.39%
1991 83.94% 11.07% 4.98%
2001 82.32% 12.13% 5.55%
2011 84.19% 9.30% 6.51%


Municipal Council (2015)
7th 10 
A total of 18 seats

Mayor since 1952:

  • Albino Dell'Antonio: 1952–1952
  • Francesco Prugger: 1952–1956
  • Luigi Santifaller: 1956-1960
  • Rudolf Moroder: 1960–1964
  • Giuseppe Runggaldier: 1964–1969
  • Josef Sanoner: 1969–1985
  • Luigi Comploj: 1985-1985
  • Johann Moroder: 1985–1990
  • Konrad Piazza: 1990-2005
  • Ewald Moroder: 2005–2015
  • Tobia Moroder: since 2015


Center with a central square
Ortisei by night

Wood carving


The main branch of the economy has been tourism for several decades . Ortisei is one of the most famous winter sports resorts in the Alps.

Tourism began in Ortisei around 1850.

In 1873 Amelia Edwards described her stay in the little village of Ortisei.

In 1885 the St. Ulrich Beautification Association was founded. In the same year, the Val Gardena section of the German and Austrian Alpine Club was founded , based in the Hotel Adler. This initiated the construction of the Raschötzhütte , which was completed in 1903.

The first toboggan club was founded by Emil Terschak in the Hotel Post in 1896, and skiing was also introduced by Emil Terschak and the Gadertaler Kostner in those years. At the turn of the century there was already a curling club and in 1907 the first ice rink was created. The first ice hockey club was founded in 1927 and a new ice rink was built in the same year.

In 1935, in the presence of the Italian Crown Prince Umberto di Savoia and his family, the first cable car in Val Gardena from Ortisei to the Alpe di Siusi was inaugurated. In the same year, the first ski school was founded in Ortisei, and four mountain guides were available in Ortisei in summer.

Around 1950 the “Standard” ski slope was opened from the Alpe di Siusi to the village. In the same year, three public tennis courts were built, on which international tennis tournaments were held annually from 1952.

In 1952 the Raschötzer Bahn , a chair lift to the Raschötz , was built. In 1953 the association of mountain guides and mountain rescuers Catores was founded. In 1956 the first public swimming pool was built. Luis Trenker's book Val Gardena in the Heart of the Dolomites , published in 1957, also contributed to increasing the number of German tourists arriving.

In 1961 the Secedaalm was made accessible by a double cable car from Ortisei.

In 1967 an artificial ice rink was built, which was covered in 1980 for the 1981 ice hockey world championship of the B group, which was held in Ortisei.

For the Alpine World Ski Championships in 1970 , a conference center, designed by architect Hubert Prachensky , and a new community center were built in the village center . In 1975 Ingemar Stenmark and Gustav Thöni held the final of the Alpine Ski World Cup with a parallel slalom on the Ronc hill.

In 1976 a public indoor pool with wellness facilities Mar-Dolomit was built . The Minert cross-country ski trail was created in 1981 . In 2001 the connection “La Curta” was established, partly underground and partly with escalators, between the village center and the Seceda lift system.

In 2004, Ortisei was connected directly to the Sellaronda ski areas through the construction of an underground funicular ( Gardena Ronda Express ); previously this was done via bus connections.

A new pedestrian bridge built in 2005, which spans the valley road and the Grödner Bach , enables a quick connection from the village center to the new orbit on the Alpe di Siusi.

In 2008 the pedestrian zone in the center was renewed and completely cordoned off for passing car traffic. At the same time, walking paths in the Anna Valley and on the Col de Flam hill were expanded.

On May 21, 2005, Ortisei, again after 1940, was the final destination of a stage of the Giro d'Italia cycling race . On May 15, 2017, Ortisei was again the destination of the 100th Giro d'Italia.

View of Ortisei from the Seurasass, a pre-summit of the Pitschberg
year Guests Overnight stays Hospitality Number of beds
1890 1130 146
1908 700
1934 220 2113 50% approx. In private houses
1960 280.414 455 3487
1984 599.272 495 6127
2000 635.845
2009 843.463 5721


In terms of traffic, Ortisei is accessible all year round from the western Eisack valley via the Grödner Straße , which leads further east to the higher-lying neighboring communities of St. Christina ( Santa Cristina ) and Selva ( Sëlva ). In addition, there are also direct road links with Kastelruth over the Panider Sattel ( Pinei ) and Lajen .


Ortisei is the seat of a school district in Ladin. This includes the primary and secondary school "Ujep Antone Vian" in the municipality , as well as the primary school in the neighboring village of Runggaditsch.

The only secondary schools in Val Gardena are located in Ortisei , namely the art high school, the state vocational school for arts and crafts "Cademia" and the business school "Raetia".

In Ortisei there is also the kindergarten “Saliëta”, a music school and three libraries: the community library “S. Durich ”, the Ladin library in the Cësa di Ladins and the specialist library of the district for art and culture .


St. Christophorus from the 15th century at St. Jacob's Church
The Church of St. Jacob
The Trëbe farm in St. Jakob, the original farm of the Trebinger family , the first sculptors in Val Gardena


More Attractions


Sons and daughters

Artists from Ortisei

Honorary citizen

  • Josef Metz - 1892
  • Anton Count Ceschi - 1908
  • Franz Moroder (Lenert) - 1909
  • Franz Anderlan - 1912
  • Franz Demetz (Fëur) - 1926
  • Arturo Marescalchi - 1930
  • Engelbert Comploj - 1953
  • Franz Prugger - 1971
  • Rudolf Moroder - 1971
  • Luis Trenker - 1971
  • Alois Santifaller - 1971
  • Josef Runggaldier - 1971
  • Sandro Pertini - 1975
  • Josef Pavlic - 1984
  • Giorgio Moroder - 1985
  • Luis Comploj Purger - 1991
  • Johann Moroder - 1991
  • Josef Anton Sanoner - 1991
  • Konrad Piazza - 2007


The most common family names in Ortisei are:

  • Killer 279
  • Demetz 217
  • Kosher 174


  • Elfriede Perathoner, Albert Moroder: 100 years of the market town of Urtijëi - St. Ulrich - Ortisei. A foray . Edition Raetia, Bozen 2007, ISBN 978-88-7283-301-8 .
  • Edgar Moroder: 150 ani stradon de Gherdëina. Union di Ladins de Gherdëina . Ortisei in Val Gardena 2006.
  • Margareth Runggaldier Mahlknecht, Karl Mahlknecht: Ortisei in Val Gardena - churches and church history. A text and picture documentation . Athesia Verlag, Brixen 1992.
  • Meinrad Demetz, Albert Moroder, Siegfried Comploj: Cherta dl Chemun de Urtijëi cun i inuemes ladins, Toponomastic map of the municipality of Ortisei, Carta toponomastica del Comune di Ortisei. Lia per Natura y Usanzes Urtijëi, 1985.
  • Karl Mahlknecht, Margareth Runggaldier Mahlknecht: 1885–1985: Tourism in Ortisei in Val Gardena, its eventful history in an eventful century. A local chronicle for the 100th anniversary of the tourist association. Athesia Publishing House, Bozen 1985.
  • Thea Oschinsky: The land register of St. Jacob's Church in Gardena from 1487. In: (Bozner) year book for history, culture and art. Bolzano 1934.
  • Bertha Richter-Santifaller: The land register of the Ortisei church in Val Gardena from the second half of the 15th century. In: Leo Santifaller (ed.): Festschrift to celebrate the bicentenary of the house, court and state archives . Vienna 1949.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hannes Obermair : Bozen Süd - Bolzano Nord. Written form and documentary tradition of the city of Bozen up to 1500 . tape 2 . City of Bozen, Bozen 2008, ISBN 978-88-901870-1-8 , p. 230, no.1317 .
  2. The official number of citizens and the language groups in South Tyrol by municipality and district - 1981 census, p. 24
  3. South Tyrol in Numbers (Bozen 1994), p. 14
  4. 2001 census. Calculation of the population of the three language groups in the province of Bolzano-South Tyrol, p. 6
  5. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .
  6. Jolanda Senoner: 125 ani de Turism a Urtijëi, 1885-2010 . Calënder de Gherdëina, Union di Ladins de Gherdëina year 2011, pp. 115–124 (Ladin).
  7. ^ Karl Mahlknecht, Margreth Runggaldier: Tourism in Ortisei / Val Gardena: Its eventful history in an eventful century. A local chronicle of the centenary of the tourist association 1885–1985. Athesia Verlag, 1985.
  8. Amelia B. Edwards: Untrodden Peaks and Unfrequented Valleys , 1873, online  - Internet Archive .
  9. Ortisei school district. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network , accessed on October 25, 2014 .
  10. ^ Art high school and state vocational school for handicrafts - “Cademia”. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network, accessed on October 25, 2014 .
  11. Business college of the Ladin villages - “Raetia”. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network, accessed on October 25, 2014 .
  12. Chemun de Urtijëi, Nffurmazions. Bulletin of the municipality of Ortisei / No. 74 Jené 2013.

Web links

Commons : Ortisei in Val Gardena  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Commons : Buildings in Ortisei in Val Gardena  - album with pictures, videos and audio files