Reifenegg castle ruins
|Reifenegg castle ruins|
|Alternative name (s):||Reifeneck, Riffeneke, Reiffenekke|
|Creation time :||1242
(first documentary mention)
|Castle type :||Hilltop castle|
The Reifenegg castle ruins are located above the Gilfenklamm in the area where the Ratschingstal flows into the Ridnaun valley . It is located in the municipality of Ratschings in the north of the Italian province of South Tyrol .
The castle was built by the bishops of Bressanone and Mr. Trautson , some of whom belonged to the Brixen and some to the Tyrolean ministry, between approx. 1210 and 1242. The castle should control the way over the Jaufenpass . The first feudal man of the castle was Berthold Trautson the Elder in 1242, who called himself de Riffeneke . Jakob and Dietmar are named as his sons in 1249, who shared the possession of Reifenegg, whereby half of Jakob later fell to the Rottenburger , who also owned Moos Castle . Since the Jaufenweg was realigned in the 14th century, the importance of the castle declined.
The castle was owned by Count Albert III as early as 1243 . of Tyrol, who was able to successfully assert himself against Bishop Egno of Eppan in 1240 . After the fall of the Rottenburger in 1410, Moos and Reifenegg are administered as custodians . Reifenegg remained with the Trautsons as a princely fiefdom; the last of these to reside on Reifenegg was Dietmar der Trautsun von Reiffenekke († 1346), then the fief was passed on to another branch of the family, the last member of which was Kaspar Trautson († 1450) and who no longer lived on Reifenegg lived. Via Eva, daughter of Kaspar Trautson, Reifenegg came to her husband, Johann von Reichenburg from Styria, in 1510 , Imperial Councilor of Maximilian I. In 1533, their son Jörg von Reichenegg was enfeoffed with the castle. Leonhard Freiherr von Völs asked Emperor Ferdinand I for a feudal letter for his heirs on the half of the Fortress Reifenegg, which he had bought from Christoph von Reichenburg. In 1556, Reifenegg was called a desolate castle . From the Fiè it came to Degen von Fuchsberg and in 1585 to the trades Uriel Geizkofler, who then called himself von Reifenegg. In 1597, Reifenegg was awarded to Gregor Löffler and in 1606 to Wilhelm Hohenhauser. In 1649 the castle was owned by Ludwig Perkhofer, at that time it was described as completely disintegrated and uninhabitable . Under the barons of Sternbach , Reifenegg was reunited in one hand, but had become a ruin.
Reifenegg castle ruins today
The remains of the castle lie on a narrow ridge that descends to the northeast and both sides of which drop steeply. Remnants of the keep that protected the southern side have been preserved. Its square floor plan is 10.45 m and it is still 23.6 m high. The foundations are 2.3 m thick. Its side edges are formed from overlapping hump blocks. The high entrance is 8 m above the current site. Door frames with the Trautson coat of arms have been preserved. Also remains of the wall on the eastern and northern slopes. There are slots in the east and west walls made of stone. There are remains of the foundation wall of a palace . To the north of the castle was a bailey , the bering of which ran down the eastern slope and then formed a right angle on the steep slope. A small building was leaned against the curtain wall. Bar holes show the earlier floor plan. There was probably a ditch south of the castle .
The plant has been owned by the Kafmann family from Welschnofen since 1964 . In 1993 the castle was partially restored and secured by the Province of South Tyrol.
Around the castle there is a legend of a treasure guarded by a ghost dog.
- Martin Bitschnau , Franz Caramelle , Magdalena Hörmann-Weingartner, Oswald Trapp : Reifeneck . In: Oswald Trapp (ed.), Tiroler Burgenbuch. III. Band: Wipptal . Athesia publishing house, Bozen 1982, pp. 181–188.
- Martin Bitschnau : Burg und Adel in Tirol between 1050 and 1300 , Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences, 1983, p. 404f. No. 467.
- Ruin Reifenegg on Wipptal-direkt