Altenburg castle ruins (Eppan)
|Creation time :||around 1189|
|Castle type :||Hilltop castle|
|Standing position :||Count|
The Altenburg is the ruin of a hilltop castle near St. Pauls in the municipality of Appiano in South Tyrol . It stands on a moraine hill from the Würm Ice Age in the Warttal above the Paulser Loch , across from Warth Castle . The ruins are now privately owned and cannot be visited.
Only a few remains of the castle, which dates from the late 12th century, have been preserved, which hardly allow any statements about the layout and earlier appearance of the castle. According to documents, it was built by Count Egno I of Eppan around 1189 , but was only completed under the Bishopric of Trento , to which it was offered as a fief . In 1195 Ulrich von Grumsberg was bailiff . Originally the castle was probably built by the Counts of Appiano to secure the route through the Warttal. The origin of the castle name is not clear.
Later the castle became the seat of the court of the same name, which encompassed almost the entire area of today's Eppan, and the residence of the respective judges of the count, or later of the Tyrolean sovereigns , who had the economically important Eppan district administered from here by court clerks.
Around 1400 the castle was owned by the Lords of Schlandersberg , who were besieged by Duke Friedrich with empty pockets on Altenburg in 1410 because of their alliance with Heinrich von Rottenburg . In 1494 and 1496 Connradt Lennser (Lannser) is proven to be the sovereign "judge of Altennburg ze Eppann" . In the 16th century the complex slowly fell into disrepair and the court hearings were evidently moved to Gandegg Castle , because around 1550 the court lord was called Blasius Khuen zu Gandegg . Around 1910, the medieval hall was converted and expanded as a small house.
- Alexander von Hohenbühel: Altenburg . In: Magdalena Hörmann-Weingartner (Ed.): Tiroler Burgenbuch. Volume X: Überetsch and South Tyrolean Unterland . Athesia publishing house, Bozen 2011, ISBN 978-88-8266-780-1 , pp. 191–198.
- Joseph von Hormayr: Die gefürstete Grafschaft Tirol , 1808, p. 104 f.
- Hannes Obermair : Bozen Süd - Bolzano Nord. Written form and documentary tradition of the city of Bozen up to 1500 . tape 2 . City of Bozen, Bozen 2008, ISBN 978-88-901870-1-8 , p. 218 ff., No. 1290 and 1307 .