|founding||August 22, 2000; Refined January 2017|
|Seat||Cologne , Germany|
|management||Managing Directors : Philip von Haehling, Michael Rogasch|
|Number of employees||94 (end of 2013, without trainees)|
|sales||EUR 11.3 million (December 2011)|
The BwConsulting GmbH was renamed on January 11, 2017 from the Gesellschaft für Entwicklung, Beschektiven und Betrieb mbh (gebb).
On August 22, 2000, gebb started its work in Bonn as the entrepreneurial arm of the Federal Ministry of Defense . It employs almost 100 of its own staff and awards consulting contracts to external consulting companies . From the budget of the Ministry of Defense received in 2013 11.3 million euros as reimbursement for the services of the closed on 12 December 2000 the agency agreement for the Ministry of Defense.
The aim of the gebb is to relieve the Bundeswehr of tasks that are not core military tasks and to give impetus for modernization and savings efforts in the Bundeswehr. The gebb is active as a think tank and is intended to act as a so-called “motor of modernization”. Together with the Federal Ministry of Defense, it is to develop models for economic solutions for the service areas and provide support in implementation. The solution options elaborated generally range from recommendations for optimization within the armed forces through public-private partnerships (PPP) to full privatization. The service areas that contain non-military tasks include e.g. B. fleet management, clothing and catering.
Goals in starting a business
In the framework agreement between the Federal Ministry of Defense ( BMVg ) and the economy , "Innovation, Investment and Economic Efficiency in the Bundeswehr" from December 15, 1999, the establishment of an agency was decided. According to this contract, your task should be to initiate and implement corporate law solutions for service functions of the Bundeswehr with the participation of business.
Your basic idea was developed under the then Defense Minister Rudolf Scharping . The aim of the privatization was to achieve savings of one billion DM in the first year of the gebb's existence. The tasks were to include property management, the vehicle fleet and procurement, tasks that were performed by the Territorial Defense Administration at the time . Management consultancy Roland Berger provided the planning for the project . Later, 14 business areas, including business travel and hospitals, should have a savings potential of 1.9 billion euros annually. Originally, an IPO of gebb as a holding company for the privatized service areas was planned. These ideas fit into the time of major privatizations such as the Deutsche Bundespost .
In 2002 the BwFuhrparkService GmbH (BwFPS) was founded according to the plans of gebb , which administers the entire civil and military vehicle fleet for the Bundeswehr. The Federal Republic of Germany holds 24.9% of the shares indirectly through Deutsche Bahn and 75.1% directly.
Also in 2002, on the recommendation of gebb, the LH Bundeswehr Bekleidungsgesellschaft mbH (LHBw) was founded, in which the federal government has a minority stake of 25.1%. The private LH Bekleidungsgesellschaft mbH (LHB) holds the remaining shares. The company operates the clothing industry for the Bundeswehr.
The pilot project operated at several Bundeswehr locations in Bavaria for the more cost-effective operation of troop kitchens was unilaterally terminated in 2007 by the civilian contractual partner, the Dussmann Group.
The company continues to strive to develop additional sources of income for the Bundeswehr, such as B. from the rental of masts in barracks to mobile phone companies or from the leasing of parcels on training grounds to wind turbine operators .
The holding function initially performed for the ministry no longer exists. The Ministry manages the company shares of the other holding companies (owner is the Federal Republic of Germany) through the modernization department, which was created in 2006 in the Ministry, in the meantime again completely itself.
As of June 1, 2008, the company is no longer responsible for the development and marketing of properties in the ministry's portfolio. This task has been transferred to the Federal Agency for Real Estate Tasks (BImA).
The Bundeswehr is Germany's largest real estate user, and this area of responsibility costs the Ministry of Defense 5 billion euros annually. The property is owned by the Federal Real Estate Agency , which is why a rent of 2 billion euros is due every year. With such a large budget, it is necessary and sensible to work with modern business concepts. Gebb supports the defense administration with the development of procurement options (catering, interior fittings), the optimal property management in Germany as well as in use, the introduction and drafts for (partial) privatization of services in the building sector. In addition to commercial advice, there is also technical advice: Optimal renovation of buildings with the help of energy efficiency models , expansion of renewable energies , waste management and the technical equipment for monitoring and security technology of barracks.
In material logistics, the troops are advised in order to use know-how from logistics management for the logistical processes of the Bundeswehr. The aim is to enable the Bundeswehr to carry out process and organizational analyzes independently. The "Central Federal Warehouse (ZEBEL)" is a central warehouse run by the private company ESG for all spare parts for all land vehicles of the German army ( tracked vehicles , wheeled vehicles ). This and similar concepts for other branches of the armed forces were conceived by the gebb. Together with the University of the Federal Armed Forces in Munich , a Defense Supply Chain Management transfer office was set up which is based in Munich. The aim is to convert scientific findings into practical applications for the Bundeswehr.
The fleet management is assigned to the logistics area and is carried out operationally by BwFuhrparkService GmbH (BwFPS). The clothing industry also belongs to this area, the company LH Bundeswehr Bekleidungsgesellschaft mbH is responsible. In the future, the clothing industry should also include personal NBC protection . When it comes to procurement, more should be made of solutions that are already available on the market.
A plan is currently being developed for the Airbus A400M weapon system , which the Air Force will independently repair in the future and what can be outsourced to industry without affecting its military capability. For all land vehicles of the Army there is an even more extensive program called the Maintenance Model 2013+ , which tests how procurement, warehouse management and repair can be modernized efficiently and at the same time in a way that is operationally compliant .
The controlling is to be expanded. For this purpose, a target system was developed that was tailored to the requirements of the Ministry of Defense, in which all processes were reproduced. As part of the realignment of the Bundeswehr , all processes are also being redesigned. Since there are always delays and increases in the cost of armaments projects, a department for arms controlling was created in 2010 to tackle the known problems. In 2012 another department for information management was added.
From 2015, the Bundeswehr Travel Management Center of Excellence (KompZ TM Bw) will provide organizational support for all business trips . This new facility is to stand out from its predecessor in that it is a privately-run service organization with a distinct service character .
To support the organization of the Bundeswehr, the civil IT of the Bundeswehr has been modernized under the name HERKULES since 2006 . Gebb accompanies the modernization until the project expires on schedule in 2016. A successor company is currently being discussed.
The company advises the Bundeswehr on recruiting young people. The quality of the (civil) training of the Bundeswehr is improved in order to attract new trainees and to benefit from them in active service. This should be made possible through a transfer of knowledge and methods from the private sector. In various highly specialized training courses (air traffic control, “survival at sea”), outsourcing to the private sector or to allied armed forces is being examined, as the speed of technological development and the lower number of participants on the part of the Bundeswehr due to the reduction in the number of personnel mean that training is economical and modern questions. In order to be an attractive employer, the focus is also on expanding childcare for soldiers.
The privatization proceeds could not be achieved in the first year and were not achieved in the following years either. In connection with the costs that arose from the establishment of the company, there was harsh criticism from the opposition at the time. It took the company almost two years for the savings to exceed the costs. From then on, the positive balance could always be improved. In 2003, privatization costs of 89 million euros were offset by around 403 million euros in cost reductions.
In politics there is a struggle as to how the assessment basis for cost reductions can be derived. Here the cameralistics of the state administration meets the double of the private sector. As an intermediary between business and the Bundeswehr, gebb wants to help solve the associated problems of understanding.
A competitive situation arises between the federal defense service areas and private providers, especially for the territorial defense administration . Before gebb was founded, the Bundeswehr had a monopoly on many services. The Territorial Defense Administration responded to the competitive situation with so-called "self-optimized operating models" in order to counter the threat of outsourcing . The pilot operation of troop kitchens, in which the profitability is to be demonstrated in comparison to external providers, is an example of this. The test run of the troop kitchens by a private operator was canceled because the overall circumstances could not be compared with a private canteen and therefore there was an unforeseeable risk during the planning. As an example, the simple fact was given that soldiers were allowed to take food with them from breakfast and dinner, this was not known and could not be planned.
In the areas of the defense administration affected by privatization considerations, there is regularly uncertainty and fear of the future.
The anti-corruption department “Investigation of Special Matters” of the Federal Ministry of Defense investigated in May 2012 on suspicion of corruption against the gebb. The allegation was that overpriced consulting contracts were concluded with persons close to the management. The company's personnel policy is also criticized: Former employees of private consulting companies have switched to gebb and have placed orders with their old companies in their new function. As a result of the investigation against three top representatives of the gebb, these were released.
- Management report for the business year from January 1 to December 31, 2013 in the Federal Gazette , in it: Gesellschaft für Entwicklung, Beschendung und Betrieb mbH .
- Extract from the company register : Society for Development, Procurement and Operation mbH
- Handelsblatt: Armaments flops of the Bundeswehr
- Gebb website ( Memento from June 2, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Website of the Defense Supply Chain Management transfer office
- Gebb website ( memento from January 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Gebb website ( memento from January 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Gebb website ( memento from January 2, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Leipziger Volkszeitung from May 9, 2012
- Leipziger Volkszeitung from April 26, 2013
- Leipziger Volkszeitung from April 26, 2013