Caledonia, Columbia County, Wisconsin
Location in Wisconsin
|State :||United States|
|County :||Columbia County|
|Time zone :||Central ( UTC − 6 / −5 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|1,378 (as of 2010)
568,593 (as of 2010)
|Population density :||8.9 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||164.8 km 2 (approx. 64 mi 2 ) of
which 154.1 km 2 (approx. 59 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||327 m|
|Area code :||+1 608|
|GNIS ID :||1582903|
|Mayor :||Steve Pate (Chairman)|
The Town of Caledonia is part of the Madison metropolitan area .
The Town of Caledonia is located in south central Wisconsin, within a great arch of the Wisconsin River . Its confluence at Prairie du Chien in the Mississippi, which forms the border with Minnesota , is about 160 km to the west.
The middle area of the town area is characterized by two chains of hills, the North Range , which runs from west to east, and the South Range , which extends from the southwest , which meet and end at Cascade Mountain, just west of the motorway junction. The Baraboo River flows north of these hills from west to east through the Caledonia area and flows into the Wisconsin River not far from Long Lake , a former oxbow lake . The center of the district, which lies between the North and South Range, is drained by the Rowley Creek , which meanders to the west and flows west of Caledonia into the Baraboo River, which is still striving northwards. South of the range of hills, Prentice Creek absorbs the draining water and directs it in Stoners Bay to the Wisconsin River that is dammed up to Lake Wisconsin .
There are other small lakes scattered around the town; the area north of I-90 / I-94 is protected as the Pine Island State Wildlife Area .
The coordinates of the geographic center of the Town of Caledonia are 43 ° 29'01 "north latitude and 89 ° 30'51" west longitude. It extends over an area of 164.8 km², which is spread over 154.1 km² of land and 10.7 km² of water.
The Town of Caledonia is located in western Columbia County and borders the following neighboring towns:
Town of Fairfield
( Sauk County )
Town of Lewiston
Town of Fort Winnebago
Town of Greenfield
Town of Merrimac
|Town of Pacific|
|Town of West Point||Town of Lodi||Town of Dekorra|
The two interstate highways I-90 and I-94 run together from Madison to the northwest past Caledonia; here the Interstate I-39 branches off to the north. Wisconsin State Route 33 also runs through the Caledonia area in an east-west direction .
With the Portage Municipal Airport there is a small airfield around 3 km beyond the northeastern border of the town. The nearest commercial airport is Dane County Regional Airport in Wisconsin's capital Madison (around 50 km south-southeast).
According to the 2010 census , the Town of Caledonia had 1,378 people in 549 households. The population density was 8.9 inhabitants per square kilometer. Statistically, 2.48 people lived in each of the 549 households.
The racial the population was composed of 97.6 percent white, 0.5 percent African American, 0.6 percent Native American and 0.6 percent from other ethnic groups; 0.7 percent were descended from two or more races. Regardless of ethnicity, 1.5 percent of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
19.5 percent of the population were under 18 years old, 67.5 percent were between 18 and 64 and 13.0 percent were 65 years or older. 47.5 percent of the population was female.
Localities in the Town of Caledonia
- American Fact Finder. Retrieved October 1, 2013
- Distance according to Google Maps. Accessed October 1, 2013