The S-100 was developed from 2003 to 2005 by the Viennese electrical engineering company Schiebel Electronic Devices from the Camcopter versions 3.0 to 5.1, which had been in existence since the 1990s, and has been manufactured in series in a new factory in Wiener Neustadt with around 100 units annually since 2006 .
The shape of the drone comes from Gerhard Heufler and in 2005 received the Adolf Loos State Prize for Design from the Federal Ministry of Economics and Labor and the “Mercur” from the Vienna Chamber of Commerce for “Innovation of the Year”.
November 2017 - At the request of the US company Flightscan Corporation, the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States has issued the FAA airworthiness certification for the integration into national airspace for the Camcopter S-100. The aim of this project is to issue FAA airworthiness certification for fully functional, operational unmanned aerial vehicles. The Camcopter S-100 is the first unmanned aircraft whose certification base has been published in the history of aviation (see "Miscellaneous").
The load-bearing structure of the drone is a monocoque made of carbon fiber-reinforced plastic , parts subject to high dynamic loads are forged from titanium. A 40 kW Wankel aircraft engine serves as the drive source. Navigation is carried out with the aid of a satellite navigation system ( GPS ) and an inertial navigation system , which operate independently of one another. Four suspension points and a payload bay are provided on the front to attach the maximum 50 kg payload. The developer and manufacturer of the main rotor head and the drive shaft for the tail rotor is the Austrian racing car and aircraft outfitter Pankl Racing Systems .
Functionality and possible uses
The Camcopter S-100 is programmed to a certain route, which it then flies autonomously for up to 6 hours. It controls itself entirely - including take-off and landing - and is only monitored, but not, by the ground station, which is connected to the drone by radio and receives its current position and images from the camera or cameras mounted on the helicopter controlled. In addition, the camcopter can also be controlled manually at any time using a joystick, with the respective flight commands being calculated and implemented via the on-board computer. The operational radius is around 200 km.
The main difference between the S-100 camcorder and most other unmanned aerial vehicles on the market is that it does not need a runway, is stationary in the air, can fly into narrow valleys, and can land independently and safely even in strong winds.
Possible applications of the unmanned mini-helicopter, which can be loaded with up to 50 kg e.g. B. can be equipped with various cameras or other sensor platforms with lidar or ground penetrating radar , infrastructure and resource monitoring, aerial mapping, routine monitoring of pipelines, water, power and communication lines, as well as large company sites and facilities, are in the civil sector, help in the search for missing people (e.g. with thermal imaging cameras), humanitarian work, such as B. Delivery of relief supplies and film recordings. The sales markets for the S-100 camcorder in the military sector are the reconnaissance of hostile systems using thermal imaging cameras , as a carrier system for smaller air-to-ground missiles such as the Thales LMM , the fire control of the artillery , the support of military communication networks in combat operations as a relay station and the Front monitoring.
Sales figures / orders and deliveries
So far about 80 pieces have been sold to the United Arab Emirates (UAE name "Al Saber"). Another four to the Khamis Brigade , the former bodyguard of Muammar al-Gaddafi in Libya. Two drones to Jordan and less than 19 to the Chinese People's Liberation Army . The deliveries to the Chinese People's Liberation Army aroused media interest in 2012 because of suspected circumvention of the EU arms embargo, as pictures of the operation of the drone from the deck of Chinese warships were published.
In October 2014, the OSCE announced that it had signed a contract with Schiebel for its observer mission to Ukraine . Schubel operates the unarmed S-100 drones under the direct supervision of the OSCE. The drones became the target of countermeasures shortly after the start of their mission: One was fired at with an anti-aircraft gun on November 2, 2014, around 15 km east of Mariupol over separatist territory, the other had been the target of electronic countermeasures a few days earlier, known as scrambling or described as a GPS jammer . At the beginning of July 2015, a representative of the Donetsk People's Republic confessed that his side had advanced electronic countermeasures and that the S-100 could have accidentally been targeted by disruptive measures because they had been mistaken for drones from the other side.
|overall length||3.11 m|
|width||0.50 m (without landing device )
1.24 m (with landing device)
|Rotor diameter||3.40 m|
|payload||50 kg (110 lb)|
|Empty mass||110 kg (243 lb)|
|Max. Takeoff mass||200 kg (441 lb)|
|Top speed||130 kn (241 km / h)|
|typical flight speed
(maximum flight duration)
|55 kn (102 km / h)|
|120 kn (222 km / h)|
|Max. Altitude||18,000 ft (5,486 m) under ISA conditions|
|Flight duration||6 h at normal flight speed and 34 kg payload
(10 h with additional external tank)
|Engines||1 × Wankel engine Austro Engine AE-50R, 41 kW|
- The German Navy tested the Camcopter S-100 in 2008 and planned to procure it for use on the Class 130 corvettes . However, there was initially no purchase, instead a new selection process with an expanded field of candidates started in 2013.
- In June 2010 the Camcopter S-100 flew as the first unmanned rotary wing aircraft at the ILA Berlin.
- In May 2011, the Camcopter S-100 checked high-voltage lines in Upper Austria.
- In November 2010, the Camcopter S-100 supported the security measures around the G-20 summit in Seoul.
- In April 2012 the first test flights of the Camcopter S-100 with an integrated Cineflex camera took place.
- In May 2012, a drone crashed into a control vehicle in South Korea during a test, killing an engineer.
- In September 2013, the S-100 inspected power lines in Auckland, New Zealand for Transpower.
- 2014 - During the entire Olympic Games - the XXII Winter Games and Paralympics - the Camcopter S-100 supported the security measures around the Olympic Village in Sochi.
- The rescue organization Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) uses two S-100 drones on their ship
- In October 2015 the Austrian Post published a new series of special stamps "Design Austria" with the Camcopter S-100 as the motif of the first stamp in this series.
- November 2017 - For the first time in the history of aviation, the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States ( FAA ), at the request of the US company Flightscan Corporation, approved airworthiness criteria (FAA airworthiness criteria) for the integration of the Camcopter on November 16, 2017 S-100 issued into national airspace. FlightScan applied for FAA certification of the S-100 in June 2015 under the special class requirements under Part 21.17 (b) of the FAA regulations. Since then, the FAA has worked with Flightscan Corporation to develop airworthiness criteria for the safe integration of the S-100.
- A Camcopter S-100 is exhibited in the military aviation exhibition in Zeltweg in Hangar 8 of the Hinterstoisser Air Base , a branch of the Vienna Army History Museum .
- The Camcopter S-100 has been exhibited at the MAK (Museum of Applied Arts) DESIGN LAB in Vienna since May 2014.
- Since November 2014 the Camcopter S-100 has been part of the permanent exhibition "Mobility" in the Vienna Technical Museum.
- The Czech artist Magdalena Jetelová used the Camcopter S-100 in an art installation as part of the exhibition “Vienna for Art's Sake!” In the Winterpalais, Vienna (February 27, 2015 to May 31, 2015).
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